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Search result: alphabet - P
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Political Parties (entry)

POLITICAL PARTIES, groups of people united by political opinions and goals fixed in party documents; possessing certain membership requirements, internal structure and types of activities stated in the regulations; relying on a certain social base

Political Persecution

POLITICAL PERSECUTION refers to large-scale punitive measures organized by the Soviet Government from October 1917 on with a purpose of physical removal of real or potential political opponents

Political Trials of 1860-80s

POLITICAL TRIALS of 1860-80s, state trials that played the key role in the autocratic penal policy after the judicial reform of 1864. Most cases were tried in the Special Office of the Ruling Senate, doors closed and publicity confined

Polonsky Ya. P. (1819-1898), poet

POLONSKY Yakov Petrovich (1819-1898, St. Petersburg), poet and prose writer, Associate of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1886). He graduated from the Faculty of Law of Moscow University in 1844. Polonsky lived in St. Petersburg from 1851

Polovtsov Dacha (Summer Residence)

POLOVTSOV DACHA (SUMMER RESIDENCE) (6 Middle Nevka River Embankment), an architectural monument of the Neoclassical style. It was built on the Kamenny Island for A.A. Polovtsov (the younger, son of A.A. Polovtsov) in 1911-1913 (architect I.A

Polovtsov А.А. (1832-1909) statesman, entrepreneur

POLOVTSOV Alexander Alexandrovich (1832, estate in Rapti Luzhsky Uyezd, St. Petersburg Province - 1909, same place), statesman, entrepreneur, patron of arts, Actual Privy Counsellor (1885), Secretary of State (1883)

Polovtsov, House of

POLOVTSOV HOUSE (52 Bolshaya Morskaya Street), an architectural monument of Neoclassicism and Eclecticism. Since the 1710s the site belonged to chancellor G.I. Golovkin, whose son built a manor on it. In 1804, the house was bought by Count P.I

Polyarnaya Zvezda (The Polar Star), almanac

POLYARNAYA ZVEZDA (The Polar Star), literary almanac (pocket book for lovers of Russian literature), published by А. А. the Bestuzhev (Marlinsky) and K. F. Ryleev

Polytechnical University

POLYTECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University situated at 29 Politekhnicheskaya Street. It was founded as the Polytechnical Institute in 1899, named after Peter the Great in 1910-17


POLYUSTROVO, an area on the right bank of the Neva River, confined with Marshal Blucher Avenue in the north and with Polyustrovsky Avenue and Revolyutsii Freeway in the south, while in the east it is bordered with the railway junction line

Polzunov Research and Production Company

POLZUNOV RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION COMPANY for the research and design of mechanical and electrical equipment, also known as the Research and Production Company of the Central Boiler Turbine Institute, situated at 6/3 Atamanskaya Street

Pomyalovsky N.G. (1835-1863), writer

POMYALOVSKY Nikolay Gerasimovich (1835, St. Petersburg - 1863, at the same place), writer. He was born into a family of a deacon of Church on Malaya Okhta (the Malaya Okhta of that time assumed a colourful description in Pomyalovsky's sketch

Ponomarev P. I. (1774-1853), entrepreneur

PONOMAREV Prokopy Ivanovich (1774-1853, St. Petersburg), entrepreneur, public figure, patron of arts, first-guild merchant, Collegiate Counsellor (1848). A wholesale trader in tea, sugar, and cloth dyes in the 18th century

Ponomareva Salon

PONOMAREVA SALON was hosted by S. D. Ponomareva (nee Poznyak) (1794-1824) who lived on Furshtatskaya Street, near the Tauride Garden (the actual house has not been identified)

Pontonny, settlement

PONTONNY, a municipal unit within the Kolpinsky District since 1997, between the Neva River and the Bolshaya Izhorka River along the Petrozavodskoe Highway; also a railway station along the Saint Petersburg - Volkhovstroy Line

Popkov P.S. the 1st secretary of the regional party committee in 1946-49

POPKOV Peter Sergeevich (1903-1950), statesman and party worker. In 1917-25 he worked as a joiner in Vladimir. Since 1925, a member of All-Union Communist Party (bolshevist)

Popov A.S., (1859-1905), physicist

POPOV Alexander Stepanovich (1859-1905, St. Petersburg), physicist and electrical engineer. He graduated from the University of St. Petersburg in 1882. From 1883 to 1900, he taught at various military educational institutions of Kronstadt and St

Popov M.M. (1902-1969), General

POPOV Markian Mikhailovich (1902-1969), Soviet military commander, General (1953), Hero of the Soviet Union (1965). From 1920 served in the Red Army. Graduated from Pskov Infantry Command Courses (1923)

Popov Memorial Museum

POPOV MEMORIAL MUSEUM (5 Professora Popova Street) was established in 1967 in the buildings of LETI Electrotechnical University (Leningrad Electrotechnical Institute). It unites the scholar’s laboratory and Popov’s Apartment Museum

Popov А.А. (1821-1898), Admiral

POPOV Andrey Alexandrovich (1821-1898, St. Petersburg), naval architect, Admiral (1891), Adjutant General (1871). Graduated from the Naval Cadet School (1837). In 1837-38 entered service with the Baltic Fleet

Popular Carnivals

POPULAR CARNIVALS, one of the forms of mass popular entertainment. In the 18th- 19th centuries up to 30 carnivals were arranged in St. Petersburg annually. Representatives of all the estates and even members of the royal family took part in them

Population Censuses (entry)

POPULATION CENSUSES, conducted in St. Petersburg since the second half of the 19th century. Distinct from the revised census, the census took into account all groups of the population (both subjects and non-subjects)

Population (entry)

POPULATION of St. Petersburg is the second largest in the Russian Federation after Moscow. From the 18th to the start of the 20th centuries the population continually grew: in 1725 - 40,000 people, in 1750 - 74,000; in 1800 - 220,000; in 1818 - 386


POROKHOVYE, an area in the north-east of St. Petersburg, on the left bank of the Okhta River, between Rzhevka and Malaya Okhta. It encompasses territories of Malinovka and Zhernovka

Posadskaya Malaya Street

POSADSKAYA MALAYA STREET, on Petrogradskaya Side, between Kamennoostrovsky Avenue and Chapaeva Street. The road appeared in the 1720s in the settlement of craftspeople and tradespeople, transferred to St

Poselyanin (Pogozhev E.N.), (1870-1931) spiritual writer

Pogozhev (wrote under pen-name of Poselyanin) Evgeny Nikolaevich (1870-1931, Leningrad), church writer and journalist, Councilor of State (1913). In 1887-92 Poselyanin studied at the Faculty of Law of Moscow University

Pososhkov I.T. (1652-1726), economist

POSOSHKOV Ivan Tikhonovich (1652-1726, St. Petersburg), economist and essayist, self-taught. He plied various trades, before becoming a merchant, then entrepreneur, bought lands, including two yards in St. Petersburg (1716)

Post Office, Central

Post Office, CENTRAL (Postamt, from the German meaning Post Office) (9 Pochtamtskaya Street). Founded in St. Petersburg in 1714, located at the Troitskaya Landing (present-day Troitsky Bridge)

Postal and Telegraph Ministry

POSTAL AND TELEGRAPH MINISTRY, central public institution, in charge of the Russian Empire's postal and telegraph communications. The ministry was established on 15 June 1865

Postal Service

POSTAL SERVICE. The general post-office was founded in St. Petersburg in 1714, and “regular post service” was established along the Moscow and Riga routes. In February 1714, the postal service started biweekly runs from St

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