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Rubricator / / City Topography
Krivaya Damba

KRIVAYA DAMBA (Curved Dam) is an artificial island bent in its plan (hence the name). It appeared during the construction of the Commercial Sea Port of St. Petersburg in 1870s. It is about one kilometre long and a maximum of 100 metres wide


KRONSTADT, a town on Kotlin Island, 32 kilometres west of Saint Petersburg. The town's history traces back to a sea fort called Kronslot built in the winter of 1703-04. By May 1704, two batteries were constructed along the south bank

Kronstadtsky District

KRONSTADTSKY DISTRICT is an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg (Its territory administration is located at 36 Lenina Avenue,.) Formed in 1998, it was named after the city of Kronstadt, which is the district centre

Kronverkskaya Embankment

KRONVERKSKAYA EMBANKMENT is located between Troitskaya Square and Kronverksky Avenue along the right bank of Kronverksky Strait. It was laid in 1980 and received its name after Kronverk at the same time

Kronverksky Avenue

KRONVERKSKY AVENUE, between Troitskaya Square and Mytninskaya Embankment, on the Petrogradskaya Side; its semicircular arch includes the territory of Alexandrovsky Park. The avenue was constructed in the first half of the 18th century

Kronverksky Strait

Kronverksky Strait (Crownwork Strait) is a bow-shaped channel of the Neva River dividing Petrogradsky and Zayachiy Islands. It is over 1 km long, about 50 meters wide and up to 4 meters deep

Kryukov Canal

KRYUKOV CANAL runs from the Admiralty Canal by Truda Square to the Fontanka River. 1015 meters long, it was dug from the Neva River to the Moika River in 1719-20 and was named after the contractor Semen Kyukov in 1738 (the section from the Neva to


KUPCHINO, a region of large scale residential housing in the south of St. Petersburg; it is confined in the north by Fuchika Street, in the east by the Moskovskaya Line of Oktyabrskaya Railway, in the west by a line of Vitebskaya Railway

Kurort, locality

KURORT, a locality north of the town of Sestroretsk, between the coast of the Gulf of Finland and the Malaya Sestra River, along the Saint Petersburg - Sestroretsk - Beloostrov railway line

Kurortny District

KURORTNY DISTRICT is an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg (Its territory administration is located at 1 Svobody Square) Formed in 1946, the district stretches in a narrow line along the northern coast of the Gulf of Finland for over

Kushelevka, area

KUSHELEVKA, an area in Vyborgskaya Side, between Karbysheva Street, Nepokorennykh Avenue, Bogoslovskoe Cemetery and Polyustrovsky Avenue. In 1781, Empress Catherine II granted 746 desyatin of land "in Vyborgskaya Side between Pargolova Dacha

Kutuzova Embankment

KUTUZOVA EMBANKMENT, located on the left bank of the Neva River, running from Liteiny Avenue to the Fontanka River Embankment. In the 18th - first half of the 19th centuries, it formed a part of the Dvortsovaya Embankment; from 1860

Kuybysheva Street

KUYBYSHEVA STREET (until 1918, Bolshaya Dvoryanskaya Street; until 1935, 1st Derevenskoy Bednoty Street), located between Troitskaya Square and Petrogradskaya Embankment, on the Petrogradskaya Side. The street was named after Soviet statesman V.V

Kuzminka, river

KUZMINKA, a river in the south of St. Petersburg between the town of Pushkin and Petroslavyanka. It takes its rise from a swamped lake in Kandakopshino and flows (from the left) into the Slavyanka River upwards from the settlement of Petro-Slavyanka

Kuznechny Lane

KUZNECHNY LANE, connects Zagorodny Avenue and Vladimirskaya Square with Ligovsky Avenue. In the 1740s, this territory was settled by blacksmiths serving the court. In the 1760s, the Church of Our Lady of Vladimir was erected along the street

Ladoga Lake

LADOGA LAKE, the largest lake in Europe, is located at the border of Leningrad region and the Republic of Karelia. In the old times, the lake was named Nevo (a Finnish word for "sea"), Ladoga (after the old Russian city Ladoga), and Aldoga

Lakhta, locality

LAKHTA, a landmark northwest of Saint Petersburg, on the northern coast of the Gulf of Finland, in the vicinity of a cognominal railway station and Lake Lakhta; neighbours Olgino on the West, and Staraya Derevnya on the East

Lakhtinsky Razliv

LAKHTINSKY RAZLIV (Lakhta High Water) is a lagoon-estuary type lake located on the northern bank of Neva Bay and separated from it with a sand bay-bar which has reinforcing that supports a railway line and a highway


LANDSCAPES. The territory of St. Petersburg and its suburbs display an ample diversity though belonging to the north-west Taiga landscape province of the Russian Plain. There are 13 basic landscape types (or landscape regions)


LANDSKRONA (from the Swedish "Landskron", meaning the crown of land), a Swedish fortress, built in 1300 at the confluence of the Okhta River and the Neva River

Lanskoe Freeway

LANSKOE FREEWAY (in 1830-1850s, known as Lanskoy Avenue and Road; in 1962-91, known as Smirnova Avenue), running between the Chernaya Rechka Embankment and Engelsa Avenue

Lapka, river

LAPKA, a river in the east of St. Petersburg, in the area of Rzhevka and Porokhovye. Formerly a tributary to the Okhta River, the Lapka used to flow into the Okhta six kilometres above the mouth of the latter, in the area of the village of Malinovka

Lebyazhy Canal

Lebyazhy Canal (the Swan Canal) was dug from the Bolshaya Neva River to the Moika River between the Field of Mars and Summer Garden in 1711-19. In 1778, the Canal received its name from swans that lived there and in adjacent ponds (in particular

Lebyazhy Pond

LEBYAZY POND (Swan Pond), an artificial pear-shaped reservoir located in the western part of Krestovsky Island in Primorsky Victory Park. It received its name from swans living in the pond. Its design was finalized in the middle of the 20th century

Lenina Square

LENINA SQUARE, at the intersection of Arsenalnaya Embankment and Botkinskaya Street. Named in 1924 in memory of V.I. Lenin's visit to Petrograd in April 1917; known as Lenina Alley until 1946

Lenina Street

LENINA STREET, running between Sytninskaya Street and Levashovsky Avenue, on the Petrogradskaya Side. Known as Shirokaya Street until 1923. In 1956, it included the former Y. Kalinina Street (until 1923, Matveevskaya Street)


LENINGRAD, the official name of St. Petersburg as of 26 January 1924, initiated by Petrograd Soviet and adopted by the decree of the Second Congress of the Soviets of the USSR after the death of V.I. Lenin; the actual initiator of the decree was G.E

Leningrad Region

LENINGRAD REGION, a federal subject of the Russian Federation located in the North-Western Federal District. Formed 1 June 1927, it has existed with its present boundaries since 1945

Leninsky Avenue

LENINSKY AVENUE, running between Doblesti Street and Moskovskaya Square, part of the Central Circular Highway. It connects Yugo-Zapad and Ulyanka settlement, and Dachny and Moskovsky Avenues. The avenue, named in 1977 after V.I

Leo Tolstoy Square

LEO TOLSTOY SQUARE, at the intersection of Bolshoy Avenue of Petrogradskaya Side and Kamennoostrovsky Avenue. The square was named in the 1920s after the neighbouring street of the same name (since 1798 - Arkhiereiskaya Square