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Rubricator / / City Topography
Izhora Hills

IZHORA HILLS (Izhora Plateau) the highest western part of the so-called Ordovician Plateau. It received its name form the Izhora people who inhabited the territory. It stretches between the Luga, Oredezh and Tosna River valleys approaching St

Izhora, river

IZHORA, also known as Inger river, a tributary to the Neva. The river draws its water through the Izhora Hills from a spring near Skvoritsa village of Gatchinsky District

Izhorka Bolshaya, river

IZHORKA BOLSHAYA, a river in the far South-East of Saint Petersburg eastwards from Kolpino. The name derives from the people of Izhora. Raising from the swamps northwards from the settlement of Krasny Bor

Izmailovsky Garden

IZMAILOVSKY GARDEN is situated in the centre of St. Petersburg, between No 114 and 116а Fontanka River Embankment and Derzhavina Lane. The Polsky Garden is located to the west of the lane. The Izmailovsky Garden is 1.3 hectares in size

Izmaylovsky Avenue

IZMAYLOVSKY AVENUE, running from Fontanka River Embankment to Obvodny Canal Embankment. Called Voznesensky Avenue from the second half of the 18th century to the early 19th century, and Krasnykh Komandirov Street from 1923 to 1944

Kalinina Square

KALININA SQUARE, at the intersection of Kondratyevsky Avenue and Polyustrovsky Avenue. The square was named in 1955 after M.I. Kalinin, who is also commemorated by a monument in the centre of the square (1955)

Kalininsky District

KALININSKY DISTRICT is an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg. (Its territory administration is located at 13 Arsenalnaya Embankment.) The district was named in honour of Mikhail Kalinin in 1946

Kamenka, area

KAMENKA (Bolshaya Kamenka, until 1930 - Koloniya Kamenka "Kamenka Colony"), the former village in the north-west of St. Petersburg, north of Yuntolovskaya Forest Estate, and north-west of the region of large-scale residential building of Dolgoe Lake

Kamenka, river

KAMENKA, a river in the south-west of St. Petersburg, running from Shuvalovo and Kamenka. It flows from Lake Nizhnee Bolshoe Suzdalskoe and runs through Novo-Orlovsky Forest Park and the pond of Shuvalovsky Pit

Kamennoostrovsky Avenue

KAMENNOOSTROVSKY AVENUE, located between Troitskaya Square and the Bolshaya Nevka River Embankment. The main thoroughfare joining the city centre and the Petrogradskaya Side with Aptekarsky Island and Kamenny Island

Kamenny Island Canals

KAMENNY ISLAND CANALS were built in the 18-19th centuries and intended to drain the territory, transport construction materials to palaces and estates and lay out park elements. The canal routes were repeatedly changed

Kamenny Island, ensemble

KAMENNY ISLAND (in 1920-89 - Trudyashchikhsya Island), in the north-west part of the Neva river delta, located between the Bolshaya Nevka River to the north and the Malaya Nevka River to the south, the Krestovka River lies to the east

Kanareechnaya Street

KANAREECHNAYA STREET, running between Bolshoy Avenue and Sredny Avenue of Vasilievsky Island. The street was laid in the 1800s, near Gallery Harbour. It was originally named after house-owner and skipper S. Kanareev (building no

Kanonerskaya Street

KANONERSKAYA STREET, running from Lermontovsky Avenue beyond Angliisky Avenue. The street was laid in the 1740s. The original name, Shkiperskaya Street (1739), never entered everyday use, and the street was given its modern name in the 1770s

Kanonersky Island

KANONERSKY ISLAND situated in the southwest of the delta of the Neva River and separated from Gutuevsky Island by Morskoy Canal. In the west, it is bounded by the Gulf of Finland

Kantsevskaya Side

KANTSEVSKAYA Side, the name of the territory on the right bank of the Okhta River, at the confluence of the Okhta and the Neva, that was current in the 18th century. It comes from the Russian name of the former Swedish fortress Nyenschantz - Kantsi

Karavannaya Street

KARAVANNAYA STREET (Tolmacheva Street, 1919-91), running between Belinskogo Square and Nevsky Prospect. It was laid in the second half of the 18th century. According to legend the street name originates from the elephants caravan leaders

Karelian Isthmus

KARELIAN ISTHMUS, a historic and geographical region between the Gulf of Finland and Ladoga Lake, in the south bounded by the Neva River, in the north - by a datum line linking Vyborg Bay of the Baltic Sea and Lekhmalakhti Bay north-westwards from

Karpovka, river

KARPOVKA (from Fin. Korpijoki, which means Forest River or Crow River), a river, separating Petrogradsky Island and Aptekarsky Island. The river is 3 kilometres long

Kavalergardskaya Street

KAVALERGARDSKAYA STREET, running from Suvorovsky Avenue to Tavrichesky Lane. Known as Krasnoy Konnitsy Street from 1923 to 1991. In the early 19th century, the corner of Shpalernaya Street and Kavalergardskaya Street was built up with the Cavalry

Kazachy Lanes

KAZACHY LANES, Bolshoy Kazachy Lane and Maly Kazachy Lane, known as such since 1795 for the Don Cossacks Yard. Called Ilyicha Lane from 1925 to 1993. Bolshoy Kazachy Lane extends from Gorokhovaya Street to Zagorodny Avenue

Kazanskaya Square

AZANSKAYA SQUARE, located at the intersection of Nevsky Prospect and Griboedova Canal. Known as Plekhanova Square from 1923 to 1944. The square appeared in the early 19th century

Kazanskaya Street

KAZANSKAYA STREET known as First Perevedenskaya Street in the 1740s, Bolshaya Meshchanskaya Street from the 1750s to 1873, and Plekhanova Street in memory of G. V. Plekhanov from 1923 to 1998. The street runs between Nevsky Prospect and Fonarny Lane

Kazansky Island

KAZANSKY ISLAND, an area in the centre of St. Petersburg between the Moika River, Griboedova Canal, and Kryukov Canal. The area is over 120 hectares. It was a part of Pervushin Island that also included Kolomensky Island, Pokrovsky Island

Kaznacheyskaya Street

KAZNACHEYSKAYA STREET, running from Griboedova Canal Embankment and opening onto a different section of the same embankment after crossing Stolyarny Lane. The street was laid in the first half of the 18th century

Kima Avenue

KIMA AVENUE, between the Smolenka River Embankment and Uralskaya Street, on Dekabristov Island. Laid in 1914 during the development of the New Petersburg region

Kirochnaya Street

KIROCHNAYA STREET (in the 18th century, the Fourth Artilleriiskaya Line and Street; in 1932-98, Saltykova-Shchedrina Street), running from Liteiny Avenue to Novgorodskaya Street

Kirovskaya Square

KIROVSKAYA SQUARE, located at the intersection of Stachek Avenue and Shvetsova Street. Created in the 1930s as an administrative centre for the Moskovsko-Narvsky (since 1934, Kirovsky) District, according to a plan design by architect L.A

Kirovskie Islands

KIROVSKIE ISLANDS, the official name of Elagin Island, Krestovsky Island, and Kamenny (Stone) Island in 1934-93, named in memory of S. M.

Kirovsky District

KIROVSKY DISTRICT is an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg. (Its territory administration is located at 18 Stachek Avenue). The district was named in honour of Sergey Kirov in 1934. Its present-day borders were established in 1973