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Internal Defence Belt

INTERNAL DEFENCE BELT, a series of defence constructions. Built in spring - autumn 1942, from the Seaport, to Avtovo, to Volodarsky Village, to Kupchino Station

Isakov I.S.(1894-1967), Аdmiral

ISAKOV Ivan Stepanovich (1894-1967), Admiral of the Soviet Union Fleet (1955), Hero of the Soviet Union (1965), Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1958), Doctor of Naval Sciences (1946)

Izhora Battalion

IZHORA BATTALION, a volunteer subunit formed in Kolpino in September 1941 as a separate battalion of Izhora workers, gathered on the basis of previously organized detachments, which mainly consisted of workers form the Izhorsky Factory

Izmaylovsky Life Guards Regiment

IZMAYLOVSKY LIFE GUARDS REGIMENT, third in seniority (after Preobrazhensky and Semenovsky) of infantry regiments in the Russian guards. Formed by a decree of Empress Anna Ioannovna in 1730 in Moscow

Konstantin Konstantinovich, (1858-1915), Grand Prince

KONSTANTIN KONSTANTINOVICH (1858, Strelna - 1915, Pavlovsk), Grand Prince, Infantry General (1907), Adjutant General (1901), honorary member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1900). Son of Grand Prince Konstantin Nikolaevich

Konstantin Nikolaevich (1827-1892), Grand Prince

KONSTANTIN NIKOLAEVICH (1827, St. Petersburg - 1892, Pavlovsk), Grand Prince, General Admiral (1831), Adjutant General (1852), honorary member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1844), member of the State Assembly (1850)

Konstantin Pavlovich (1779-1831),Grand Prince

KONSTANTIN PAVLOVICH (1779, Tsarskoe Selo - 1831), Grand Prince, Tsesarevich (Crown Prince) (from 1799). Second son of Emperor Pavel I. From 1797, Inspector General of the whole Cavalry, from June 1798 also Chief Commander of the Cadet Corps

Kornilov L.G. (1870-1918), military commander, General

KORNILOV Lavr Georgievich (1870-1918), military commander, Infantry General (1917). Graduated from the Infantry Academy (1890), and the General Staff Academy (1896)

Krasin Icebreaker Museum

KRASIN, the world's only is floating icebreaker museum, member of the International Historic Naval Ships Association. Constructed in 1916-17 on the drafts of Vice Admiral S.O

Krasnoselsky Camp

KRASNOSELSKY CAMP, military field camp, where annually from May 1 to August 2-4, the Guards, Military Academic Schools and other units, encamped for field training and manoeuvres

Kronstadt Fortress

KRONSTADT FORTRESS, a complex of fortifications supported by Kotlin Island, intended to defend St. Petersburg from the enemy naval attacks from the Gulf of Finland, the largest naval construction in the pre-revolutionary Russia

Kronstadt Sea-gauge

KRONSTADT SEA-GAUGE, a metal rod with marks for measuring the Baltic sea level. It was installed at the beginning of the 19th century on the abutment of the bridge across Obvodny (Provodnoy) Canal in Kronstadt

Krusenstern I.F. (1770-1846), navigator

KRUSENSTERN Ivan Fedorovich (1770-1846), navigator, corresponding member (1803), honorary member (1806) of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, Admiral. (1842). Graduated from the Naval Cadet School (1787)

Kutuzov M.I. (1745-1813), military commander, Field Marshal-General

KUTUZOV (Golenishchev-Kutuzov) Mikhail Illarionovich (1745-1813), Gracious Prince Smolensky (1812), commander, Field-Marshal General (1812). He graduated from Artillery school and Engineering school in St. Petersburg (1759)

Labour Battalions

LABOUR BATTALIONS, internal security units, formed in Leningrad and its suburbs in August 1941, according to an initiative by the City Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (of Bolsheviks); the battalions were made up of people not subject to

Ladoga Military Flotilla

LADOGA MILITARY FLOTILLA, a unit of the USSR Navy formed in October 1939 to participate in the Soviet-Finnish War. In November 1940, it was reorganized into a training detachment. In June 1941 the Navy unit was re-formed

Lazarev M.P. (1788-1851), admiral

LAZAREV Mikhail Petrovich (1788-1851), navigator, admiral (1843). Graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps in 1803 (17 Lieutenant Schmidt Embankment, memorial plaque installed), and was sent on scholarship to Great Britain

Leningrad Front

LENINGRAD FRONT. Joint USSR armed forces during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45 fighting against German and Finnish troops in Leningrad Region and in Estonia

Leningrad Headquarters for Partisan Operations

LENINGRAD HEADQUARTERS FOR PARTISAN OPERATIONS. Established on 27 September 1941 under the Leningrad Regional Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (of Bolsheviks), headed by M. N. Nikitin, Secretary of the Regional Committee)

Levchenko G.I, (1897-1981), Admiral

LEVCHENKO Gordey Ivanovich (1897-1981), Admiral (1944). From 1913 served in the Baltic Fleet. Graduated from the Naval Cadet School (1914), completed Courses of Artillery Corporals in Kronstadt (1916)

Life Company

LIFE COMPANY, a separate extra-privileged guard unit. Ordered by Empress Elizaveta Petrovna in 1741, formed of the Grenadier Company of the Preobrazhensky Life Guard Regiment. The company assisted her seizure of the throne on 25 November 1741

Lifting of the Siege, 1944

LIFTING THE SIEGE. Part of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45; the complete liquidation and annihilation of all military threats to Leningrad, and the restoration of normal functioning of city communications

Loris-Melikov M.T. (1825-1888), statesman

LORIS-MELIKOV Mikhail Tarielovich (1824-1888), Count (1878), statesman and military officer, Cavalry General (1875), Adjutant General (1865). After graduating from the Guards Schools for Ensigns and Cavalry Cadets in St

Luzhsky Line

LUZHSKY LINE. A system of defence constructions along the banks of the Luga River, Mshaga River, and Shelon River, up to the Ilmen Lake. The Luzhsky Line was constructed by residents from Leningrad and its region in July 1941 to hold back German

Main Headquarters

MAIN HEADQUARTERS, supreme military administrative body in pre-revolutionary Russia. Established in 1815 as the Main Headquarters of His Imperial Majesty, administered the activities of the army

Makarov S.O. (1848-1904), oceanographer, vice-admiral

MAKAROV Stepan Osipovich (1848-1904), fleet commander, naval scientist, Vice-Admiral (1896). Graduated from Naval School in Nikolaevsk- Na-Amure (1865). Served on the Baltic Fleet from 1869

Maneges (general article)

MANEGES, or riding-schools, (exerzirehaus), buildings with a large interior space, intended for troop drill exercises and cavalry dressage in fall and winter. Maneges were built in St

Martial Law

MARTIAL LAW, a special state-legal regime, instituted on the territory of a country, some areas (city, region) or economic spheres (transport, industry) in time of war, or when there is a military danger or emergency situation (natural disasters

Matsievich L.M. (1877-1910), engineer, pilot

MATSIEVICH Lev Markovich (1877-1910, St. Petersburg), military engineer, one of the first Russian aviators. Graduated from Kharkov Technological Institute (1901), Nikolaevskaya Naval Academy (1906)

Menshikov A.D. (1672/73-1729), governor general

MENSHIKOV Alexander Danilovich (1672 or 1673-1729), count (1702), Serene High Prince of Izhora (1707), a statesman and a military leader, Generalissimo (1727). Once a friend of the young Tsar Peter the Great's, later becoming his closest associate

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