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Rubricator / / Army. Navy
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Evacuations of 1812, 1854-55, 1917

EVACUATIONS OF 1812, 1854-55, 1917. Organised removal of state establishments and state valuables from St. Petersburg during the wars with Napoleonic France due to a fear of the enemy's capturing the city

Evdokimov N.A. (1909-1938), pilot, parachutist

EVDOKIMOV Nikolay Alexandrovich (1909-1938), pilot, parachutist, captain (1937). Graduated from the Aviation School (1930). Served in the 1st Special Operations Squadron in Gatchina. Was the first man in Russia to perform a delayed drop (22.5

Extirpation Battalions

EXTIRPATION BATTALIONS, volunteer force units (from 50 to 300 people) organised by the People's Commissariat of Home Affairs (NKVD) of the USSR. The units were established during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45 to provide internal security

Famine of 1941-42

FAMINE of 1941-42, one of the most tragic events in the history of St. Petersburg. The famine occurred during the Siege of 1941-44. Leningrad did not have enough food reserves before the war, and had for some time been supplied from outside the city

Fedyuninsky I.I. (1900-1977), military commander, general

FEDYUNINSKY Ivan Ivanovich (1900-1977), Soviet military commander, General (1955), Hero of the Soviet Union (1939). From 1919 served in the Red Army. Participated in the Civil War

Finlyandsky Life Guards Regiment

FINLYANDSKY LIFE-GUARDS REGIMENT, was raised in December 1806 in Strelna and Peterhof as the Imperial Militia Battalion (recruited from state and court serfs, predominantly of the Finnish origin, hence the name). On 22.1

Food Ration Norms

FOOD RATION NORMS fixed on 18 July 1941, at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, together with the introduction of ration cards. Sale norms were standardised for bread, grains, pasta, meat and meat products, fish, oil

Fortifications, Regional

REGIONAL FORTIFICATIONS. (1) Units of the armed forces, including permanent defence constructions on certain territories and troops assigned to defend them. In 1932-39

Galley Yard

GALLEY YARD, founded in 1712 as Scampavia Yard at the mouth of and on the right bank of the Moika River (near the present-day Galernaya Street) it was renamed Galley Yard in 1713

Gannibal (Hannibal) А.P. (1697-1781), engineer, general

GANNIBAL Abram (Ibrahim) Petrovich (around 1696-1781, of Suyda Sofiysky District, St. Petersburg Province), Peter the Great's godson, military engineer, chief engineer (1756), Major-General (1759), great-grandfather of Аlexander Pushkin


GARRISON of St.Petersburg, troops, stationed in St. Petersburg, under the joint command and assigned with functions of protecting and defending the city. The term garrison also implies a military administrative structure


GENDARMERIE, 1) military police, which secured the rear of the standing army, aiming to prevent marauding and desertion. Gendarmerie was founded by M. B. Barclay de Tolly in 1815

General Staff Academy

GENERAL STAFF ACADEMY (until 1855 - the Imperial Military Academy, from 1855 - the Nicholas General Staff Academy, from 1909 - the Imperial Nicholas Military Academy), advanced military scientific and educational institution, founded in 1832

Golitsyn M.M. (1675-1730), Field Marshal-General

GOLITSYN Mikhail Mikhailovich (1675-1730), Prince, military commander, Field Marshal General (1725). Commenced his military career as a private soldier of the Semenovsky Regiment

Govorov L.A. (1897-1955), military commander, Marshal

GOVOROV Leonid Alexandrovich (1897-1955), military commander, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1944), Hero of the Soviet Union (1945). In 1916 enrolled in Petrograd Polytechnic Institute

Great Northern War of 1700-21

GREAT NORTHERN WAR OF 1700-21 was the war declared by a coalition of states from Central and Eastern Europe (the main participants were Russia, Denmark and Saxony) against Sweden

Greigh S.K. (1735-1788),Admiral

GREIGH Samuil Karlovich (Samuel) (1735-1788), naval commander, Admiral (1782), honorary member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1783). A Scot, from 1764 served in the Russian army with the rank of captain

Grenadiers Life Guards Regiment

GRENADIERS LIFE GUARDS REGIMENT, Guards Infantry Regiment, formed in 1756, from 1775 – Life Grenadier Regiment, in 1813 designated Grenadiers Life Guards Regiment and assigned to the New Guards, in 1831 -assigned to the Old Guards

Guardhouse (general article)

GUARDHOUSE (Gauptvahta, from German Haupt Wachte - main guard), a military prison for military administrative temporary confinement of servicemen for prejudicial conduct to military discipline


GUARDS, life guards, elite, privileged military unit. The Russian Guards were established by Peter I in 1700, when the Preobrazhensky and Semenovsky regiments gained the title of life guards

Guards Artillery

GUARDS ARTILLERY, general name for artillery units and formations, consisting of the Guards. The Life Guards of the 1st, 2nd and Horse Artillery Brigades (each of which including 6 batteries with 6-8 pieces in each one)

Guards Company

GUARDS COMPANY, guards infantry sub-division, raised in 1810 from the ranks of the Court Rover and Yacht Crew. Participated in the wars with France 1812-14, Russo-Turkish wars of 1828-29 and 1877-78, in suppressing the Polish uprising of 1830-31

Guards Corps Staff

GUARDS CORPS STAFF, the organisational authority of the guards. Set up in the late 18th century as the Chancellery of the Guards Commander, from 1817, known as the Guards General Staff, and from 1828 as the Staff of the Guards Commander

Guards Posts

GUARDS POSTS, military posts, regularly taken by the guards regiments. In the 18th century Guards sentries patrolled the Streets to control order, guarded public institutions, city gates, state property depositories, etc

Guards Rifle Brigade

GUARDS RIFLE BRIGADE, Guards infantry formation. Consisted of four rifle battalions (from 1911 - regiments). Was quartered in Tsarskoe Selo (Tsars' Village). His Majesty's 1st and 2nd Tsarskoselsky battalions were formed in 1856

Gurko I.V. (1828-1901), Temporary Governor General 1879-80

GURKO (Romeiko-Gurko) Iosif Vladimirovich (1828-1901), military man and statesman, General Field Marshal (1894), Adjunct General (1877). On graduating from the Corps of Pages (1846), he served in the Cavalry Guard; since 1860 he was an aide-de-camp

Her Majesty’s Cuirassier Life Guards Regiment

HER MAJESTY’S CUIRASSIER LIFE GUARDS REGIMENT a cavalry guards regiment, raised in 1704 as the Dragoon Regiment of Portes, from 1708 was known under the name of Nevsky Dragoon Regiment, from 1733 known as the Life Cuirassier Regiment

His Imperial Majesty's Escort

ESCORT, His Imperial Majesty's Personal Escort, a special guards unit, officially known as the Emperor's Personal Guard. The Escort was established in 1811 as a combined Cossack-Caucasian hundred

Horse Grenadier Life Guards Regiment

HORSE GRENADIER LIFE GUARDS REGIMENT, Cavalry Guards Regiment, its history dates back to the Odessa Hussar Regiment, raised in May 1803, which was the basis for the Uhlan Tsesarevich’s Regiment formed the same year

Hussar Life Guards Regiment

HUSSAR LIFE GUARDS REGIMENT (from 1855 His Majesty’s Regiment), its history dates back to the Life Hussar Squadron, formed in 1775, which in 1796 was incorporated into the Cossack Life Hussar Regiment

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