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Rubricator / / Economy
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Exchange Committee

EXCHANGE COMMITTEE, a permanent body of the Exchange Society and one of the first representative bodies of the bourgeoisie. Founded under the auspices of St. Petersburg Exchange in 1816


EXCHANGES, regular wholesale markets where goods or securities are sold are called commodity exchanges and stock exchanges, respectively. The first Russian exchange, which remained the only exchange till the late 18th century

Faberge Company

FABERGE COMPANY is a jewelry company, founded in 1842 by Gustav Faberge, master of diamond business (1814-94). The Company was located at Bolshaya Morskaya Street; before 1854 at No.11; in 1854-1900 at No.16; and from 1900 – at No

Factories of Musical Instruments

FACTORIES OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. The musical instruments industry sprang up in St. Petersburg in the early 18th century and there were as many as 17 factories of musical instruments in the early 20th century

Farmakon Factory

FARMAKON (18 Tsvetochnaya Street) is an open joint-stock company (from 1992), the largest producer of pharmaceuticals in the region. It was established in 1907 as a factory of pharmaceutical and chemical products, Farmakon joint-stock company

Foil Rolling Plant

FOIL ROLLING PLANT (1 Perevoznaya Street), an open joint-stock company from 1992, the only aluminium foil manufacturer in European Russia. It was founded by K. N

Foundry Yard

FOUNDRY YARD (Liteiny Dvor) (Cannon Foundry Yard), one of the first industrial enterprises of St. Petersburg. It was founded in 1711 on the left bank of the Neva River (at the present-day location of Liteiny Bridge)

Frunzensky Supermarket

FRUNZENSKY SUPERMARKET (60 Moskovsky Avenue) is a monument of architecture built in 1934-38 (architects E. I. Katonin, L. S. Katonin, E. M. Sokolov, K. L. Iogansen, engineer S. I

Fur Auction

FUR AUCTION, international, fur sales traditionally held in St. Petersburg (Leningrad) three to four times a year since 1931. The sales are organised by Soyuzpushnina Foreign Trade Company, Moscow, and its branch in St. Petersburg

Gakkel Y.M., (1874-1945), Engineer Designer

GAKKEL Yakov Modestovich (1874-1945) was a designer. He was an honored worker of science and technology of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1940)

Galley Yard

GALLEY YARD, founded in 1712 as Scampavia Yard at the mouth of and on the right bank of the Moika River (near the present-day Galernaya Street) it was renamed Galley Yard in 1713

Gascoigne Charles (1739-1806), manager of Izhorsky Plants

GASCOIGNE Karl Karlovich (Charles) (1739-1806), mechanical engineer, inventor, Actual Civil Counsellor. A native of Scotland, he graduated with a degree in engineering and was a founding member of Carron Metallurgy Company in 1760 and director of

Gerberts B. B., entrepreneur

GERBERTS Baltazar Baltazarovich (1853-1932), mining engineer and entrepreneur. He was a founder of two metallurgical monopolies - Gvozd Syndicate and Provoloka Syndicate, in 1903 and 1909, respectively, and a member of the board at the latter

Ginzburg Family, bankers, entrepreneurs

GINZBURG FAMILY, bankers, entrepreneurs, public figures. Progenitor Evzel Gabrielovich Ginzburg (1812-78), first-guild merchant from Vitebsk and hereditary honorary citizen, opened a banking house in St

Glazunov Family, booksellers and publishers

GLAZUNOV FAMILY, booksellers and publishers. The Glazunov Company was founded by Matvey Petrovich Glazunov (1757-1830) who had a bookshop in Moscow and started a bookselling business in St

Gostiny Dvor

GOSTINY DVOR (Trading Court), a trading center made up of rows of shops. The first city market of this kind consisting of numerous wooden shops appeared in Berezovy (Gorodskoy) Island near the present-day Troitskaya Square

Goznaka Paper Factory

GOZNAKA PAPER FACTORY (144a Fontanka River Embankment) is a leading company of high-quality paper production by order of the Central Bank of Russian Federation mostly for printing banknotes and securities

Graftio H. O., (1869-1949), Electrical Engineer

GRAFTIO Heinrich Osipovich (1869-1949, Leningrad) was a scientist, electrical engineer, academician of Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1932). Graftio graduated from Novorossiisky University in Odessa (1892) and from St

Handicraft (overview)

HANDICRAFT, an important part of St. Petersburg economy in the 18th to the early 20th centuries, started developing soon after the city was founded as craftsmen were coming here from various handicraft centres of the country

Heating plants (general article)

HEATING PLANTS (heat electric power plants) are stations generating electricity and providing heat and hot running water to businesses and residential houses. The first attempts of a comprehensive approach to the problem of generating electricity

Industrial Exhibitions (entry)

INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITIONS, organised by the government from the 1820s, intended to boost the national industry, interior and foreign trade, under the jurisdiction of the Trade and Manufactory Department of the Ministry of Finance

Industry (entry)

INDUSTRY was one of the most important parts of the economy of St. Petersburg, developing concurrently with the city and growing along. Due to the country’s foreign policy and geography

Insurance companies (entry)

INSURANCE COMPANIES, financial and credit institutions, which deal with various kinds of insurance (life, real estate, personal estate insurance, etc.), the basic principle of which consists in compensating damages incurred by one person through

Ivan Fedorov

IVAN FEDOROV (11 Zvenigorodskaya Street), an open joint-stock company from 1993. It originated from the printing house of R. Golike and A. Vilborg’s Partnership founded in 1902

Izhora Plants

IZHORA PLANTS (1 Lenina Avenue, Kolpino), an open joint-stock company, which was founded in 1992. It originated from the Menshikov Izhora Sawmill, built in the early 18th century at the Izhora River

Izotov S.P., (1917-1983), Designer

IZOTOV Sergey Petrovich (1917-1983, Leningrad) was a designer of aviation engines, Doctor of Industrial Technology (1968), Hero of Socialist Labour (1969). He graduated from the Faculty of Power Machine Building of Polytechnic Institute (1941)

Karl Marx Machine-Building Association (formerly Novy Lessner)

KARL MARX MACHINE-BUILDING ASSOCIATION (66 Bolshoy Sampsonyevsky Avenue), open joint-stock company (since 1992), enterprise producing equipment for artificial fibre and tillage tools production

Kirov Spinning and Filar Factory

KIROV SPINNING AND FILAR FACTORY (15/9 Krasnykh Textilshchikov Street) is an open joint-stock company, the largest factory in the country producing sewing threads, and the only factory producing threads for knitting and embroidery

Kirovsky Plant

KIROVSKY PLANT (47 Stachek Avenue), a joint-stock company, an enterprise manufacturing a comprehensive range of metallurgy and machinery products; one of the biggest in Russia

Kornilovsky Porcelain Plant

KORNILOVSKY PORCELAIN PLANT (59 Polyustrovsky Avenue), a public joint-stock company, producer of high-quality electrical products. Founded in 1835 by M.V. Kornilova, widow of a merchant involved in the crockery trade

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