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Rubricator / / Economy
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Petrodvortsovy Watch Factory

PETRODVORTSOVY WATCH FACTORY (Peterhof, 60 Sankt-Peterburgsky Avenue), originated from a marble workshop opened in 1721 and reorganised into a lapidary factory in 1801 to make handcrafted articles of precious and semi-precious stones


PETROKHOLOD (87 Polyustrovsky Avenue) is an ice-cream factory. It was established in 1939 as Refrigerating facility № 6 of the Russian Committee for Meat and Milk Trade


PETROZAVOD (2 Krasnogvardeiskaya Square), a former shipbuilding plant, founded around 1721 as Okhta Dockyard, known since 1803 as Okhta Admiralty, since 1913 - Petrozavod

Plastpolimer, plant (32 Polyustrovsky Avenue)

PLASTPOLIMER (32 Polyustrovsky Avenue), an open joint-stock company, the leading scientific research and development institute in the field of research and development of plastic polymerisation products. It was created in 1969

Polovtsov А.А. (1832-1909) statesman, entrepreneur

POLOVTSOV Alexander Alexandrovich (1832, estate in Rapti Luzhsky Uyezd, St. Petersburg Province - 1909, same place), statesman, entrepreneur, patron of arts, Actual Privy Counsellor (1885), Secretary of State (1883)

Ponomarev P. I. (1774-1853), entrepreneur

PONOMAREV Prokopy Ivanovich (1774-1853, St. Petersburg), entrepreneur, public figure, patron of arts, first-guild merchant, Collegiate Counsellor (1848). A wholesale trader in tea, sugar, and cloth dyes in the 18th century

Pozitron, Research and Development Association

POZITRON ( Pozitron Research and Development Association) (6 Ivana Fomina Street), an open joint-stock company, uniting a number of scientific institutions and industrial establishments in electronic industry

Pravda, Printing House

PRAVDA (14 Sotsialisticheskaya Street), a printing house, open joint-stock company. It originates from Khudozhestvennaya Pechat, P. V. Berezin's printing house founded in 1906, which specialised in newspapers

Printing Houses (entry)

PRINTING HOUSES. In 1711-21, four printing houses were opened in St. Petersburg by order of Tsar Peter the Great: the St. Petersburg Printing House, the Senate Printing House

Printing Yard, a Printing house

PRINTING YARD (15 Chkalovsky Avenue) is a printing house, the largest producer of books and journals in the North-Western Region of Russia. It originates from the printing house of the Commission For Developing Laws established in 1817; from 1882

Proletarsky Zavod, Manufacturing Association

PROLETARSKY ZAVOD (3 Dudko Street), an open joint-stock company, the largest manufacturer of ship, energy, and general machinery in the north-west region of Russia

Putilov N.I., (1820-1880), entrepreneur

PUTILOV Nikolay Ivanovich (1820-1880, St. Petersburg), entrepreneur, engineer. After he completed Officer’s Classes at the Naval School in 1840, he worked as a lecturer and served in the Navy Department until his resignation in 1857

Putilov А.I. (1867-after 1837), entrepreneur

PUTILOV Alexey Ivanovich (1867 - after 1937), statesman, entrepreneur, financier, Actual Civil Counsellor. Graduating from St. Petersburg University with a law degree in 1889, he served in the Ministry of Finance from 1890

Ratkov-Rozhnov Family, entrepreneurs and houseowners

RATKOV-ROZHNOV FAMILY, a noble family, state officials, entrepreneurs and houseowners. Close ties to St. Petersburg were kept by V. A. Ratkov-Rozhnov and Alexander Nikolaevich Ratkov-Rozhnov (about 1859-?) who graduated from St

Ratkov-Rozhnov V.A. (1834-1912), Mayor

RATKOV-ROZHNOV Vladimir Alexandrovich (1834-1912, St. Petersburg), public official, businessman, representative of the dynasty of St. Petersburg manufacturers and house-owners (see the Ratkov-Rozhnov Family), Valid Secret Counsellor (1898)

Russian Bank for Foreign Trade

RUSSIAN BANK FOR FOREIGN TRADE, a private joint-stock bank. Founded in 1871, the bank shared the 3d and 4th places with Azovsko-Donskoy Bank before World War I of 1914-18. It had 76 branches

Russian Bank of Commerce and Industry

RUSSIAN BANK OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY (called Russian Commercial Bank of Commerce and Industry before 1907), a joint-stock commercial bank, opened in 1890. It was among the largest banks by 1914

Russian Diesel Engine Plant

RUSSIAN DIESEL ENGINE PLANT (17 Vyborgskaya Embankment) is an open joint-stock company, the largest Russian plant manufacturing Diesel engines, the leading company of this branch

Russian Gem Factory

RUSSIAN GEM FACTORY (8 C. Faberge Square) is a jewelry factory. It produces custom-made and ordinary jewelry, bijouterie, cut stones, enamel miniatures, enamel-filigree silverware, and other products. The factory has a chain of company shops in St

Russian-American Company

RUSSIAN-AMERICAN COMPANY, a group of entrepreneurs on the north-west coast of North America, the Aleutians, the Kurils, and other islands, and an organisation established by the government for consolidating and expanding Russia’s possessions in

Russian-Asian Bank

RUSSIAN-ASIAN BANK, a joint-stock commercial bank. It was founded in 1910 by merging the Northern Bank founded in 1901 and the Russian-Chinese Bank founded in 1895

Samson, Meat-Processing Plant

SAMSON (13 Moskovskoe Highway), an open joint-stock company from 1992, a meat plant processing cattle and poultry and producing food, medicines, and industrial goods

San Galli F. K. (1824-1908), entrepreneur

SAN GALLI Franz Karlovich (Franz Friedrich Wilhelm) (1824-1908, St. Petersburg), entrepreneur and public figure, Actual Civil Counsellor (1889), and honorary process engineer (1888). Native of Germany, he graduated from a gymnasium in Stettin

Savings Banks (entry)

SAVINGS BANKS, credit institutions attracting savings and idle funds from the public as their major function. It was on the initiative of Count M. Y. Vielgorsky and I. D. Chertkov that the articles of the first savings bank were worked out

Schliemann H., (1822-1890), Archaeologist

SCHLIEMANN Heinrich (1822-1890), German and Russian businessman and amateur archaeologist. In January 1846, he arrived in St. Petersburg as a representative of a Dutch company

Self-Service Stores (entry)

SELF-SERVICE STORES, self-service food department stores. The first national self-service store was opened under the name of Frunzensky at 90 Bukharestskaya Street on 3 September 1970, designed by Giprotorg Institute and built by architect O. A

Sestroretsk Instrumentation Plant

Sestroretsk Instrumentation Plant ( Sestroretsk, 2 Voskova Street) is an open joint-stock company, a tooling and machining enterprise and large producer of metal-cutting instruments

Severny Textil, enterprise

SEVERNY TEXTIL (18 Bogatyrsky Avenue; 34 Kozhevennaya Line), a linen-making and cloth-selling enterprise. Founded in 1823 as Y. Lutsch Factory, it belonged to I. A. Voronin, Lutsch, and Chesher Joint-Stock Company from 1899

Shaykevich E. G. (c. 1857-1928) entrepreneur

SHAYKEVICH Efim Grigoryevich (c. 1857-1928), entrepreneur and Court Counsellor. Graduating from St. Petersburg University with a major in law, he served in the Senate. He was a member of the board of St

Ship-building Industry (general article)

SHIP-BUILDING INDUSTRY. From the beginning of the 18th century, St. Petersburg was a centre of Russian ship-building industry. On November 5, 1704, the first shipyard was founded here (see Admiralty Shipyard), by 1710 it employed some 4

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