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Petrograd Labour Commune

PETROGRAD LABOUR COMMUNE, the name of Petrograd Soviet since March of 1918, after the Soviet government had been transferred to Moscow. The functions of the Executive Committee of Petrograd Labour Commune were performed by Commissars' Soviet

Petrograd Military Revolutionary Committee

PETROGRAD MILITARY REVOLUTIONARY COMMITTEE, the emergency body of Petrograd Soviet which functioned at the time of preparation and conducting of October Revolution of 1917

Petrograd Revolutionary Defence Committee

PETROGRAD REVOLUTIONARY DEFENCE COMMITTEE, an emergency body, was established on February 21, 1918 at the plenary session of Petrograd Soviet for the purpose of the organization of city defence against approaching German forces

Petrograd Soviet of peasants' deputies

PETROGRAD SOVIET OF PEASANTS' DEPUTIES (until May of 1917 was called the Soviet of peasants' deputies of Petrograd garrison), established on April 14 (27 New Style), 1917 (280 deputies represented about 300 thousand of garrison soldiers)

Petrograd Soviet of working people' and soldiers' deputies

PETROGRAD SOVIET OF WORKING PEOPLE' AND SOLDIERS' DEPUTIES (Petrograd Soviet), was established on February 27 (March 12 New Style), 1917 as Petrograd Soviet of working people's deputies; on March 1 (14 New Style) it united with Petrograd Soviet of


POLICE was created in St. Petersburg at the beginning of the 18th century; it was engaged in all the spheres of city life: construction, fire safety, city finances, public institutions, concert and theatre activities, etc

Police Blocks

POLICE BLOCKS are administrative police units within the structure of police force. According to the reform of 1782 St. Petersburg was divided into 10 units and 42 police blocks, from 50 up to 100 houses in each

Police Departments

POLICE DEPARTMENTS, 1) city police territorial units uniting several police stations. In 1798 there were 2 police departments in St. Petersburg, with a boundary on the Neva river

Police Stations

POLICE STATIONS, administrative police units. They were created in the course of the police reform of1866-67 instead of police blocks. The territory of St. Petersburg was divided into 38 police stations (plus another four suburban units) preserving

Police Units

POLICE UNITS, the main units of administrative and territorial division of St. Petersburg in the 18th - early 20th centuries. In 1737, at the suggestion of the Commission on Construction in St

Popkov P.S. the 1st secretary of the regional party committee in 1946-49

POPKOV Peter Sergeevich (1903-1950), statesman and party worker. In 1917-25 he worked as a joiner in Vladimir. Since 1925, a member of All-Union Communist Party (bolshevist)

Prisons (entry)

PRISONS. The first prison in St. Petersburg (Convict gaol, or Convict yard, until 1732 under the jurisdiction of the Admiralty) was built in 1706 in the area of present-day Truda square

Private Police Officer

PRIVATE POLICE OFFICER, the police position introduced in 1782. Private police officers headed city units, they were subordinated to the Board of Decency and the Chief Policeman

Provincial Gendarme Administration

PROVINCIAL GENDARME ADMINISTRATION of St. Petersburg, the local organ of gendarmerie. It was formed in 1867, after the abolishment of gendarme districts. The administration was located at 8/15 Ochakovskaya Street

Psychiatrical Hospital for Peculiar Cases

PSYCHIATRICAL HOSPITAL FOR PECULIAR CASES was created in 1951 as part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. It was housed in the building of the former women’s prison (9 Arsenalnaya Street)

Public Safety Volunteer Units

PUBLIC SAFETY VOLUNTEER UNITS, arranged with the purpose of helping militia. Workers' units attached to industrial factories in the period of the Revolution of 1905-07 were a prototype of Public Safety Volunteer Units


RATHAUS, the supreme authority of municipal government, established in St. Petersburg in 1798 by order of emperor Paul I instead of the abolished bodies of local government instituted by Cities Letter of Grant of 1785

Ratkov-Rozhnov V.A. (1834-1912), Mayor

RATKOV-ROZHNOV Vladimir Alexandrovich (1834-1912, St. Petersburg), public official, businessman, representative of the dynasty of St. Petersburg manufacturers and house-owners (see the Ratkov-Rozhnov Family), Valid Secret Counsellor (1898)

Saltykov V.F. Chief of police General in 1734-42

SALTYKOV Vasily Fedorovich (1675-1751), statesman, general en chef (1741), adjutant-general (1734). He served at Preobrazhensky Life Guards Regiment. In 1732-42 Petersburg Chief of Police General

Section Guards

SECTION GUARDS, city police officials appointed by two to the sections created by the reform of 1867. One section guard controlled city guards, the other was responsible for preventing crimes


SECTIONS, the smallest administrative police unit. In October 1866, St. Petersburg was divided into 38 units (instead of police blocks), and units were divided into 93 sections

Security Department

SECURITY DEPARTMENT ("Security" in everyday language), the organ of police responsible for political search. It was created in 1866 as "The Department of Peace and Order in the Country" under the auspices of the Governor of St


"SHARASHKI", the name of secret research institutes or design institutions (Special Design Bureau, Technical Bureau, etc.), that functioned in 1931-55 in the system of the Joint State Political Administration Board of the People's Commissariat of

Shulgin D.I. governor-general in 1848-54

SHULGIN Dmitry Ivanovich (1785-1854, St. Petersburg), statesman and combat leader, infantry general (1848). After graduating from the boarding school of Moscow university (1800) he served in the Guards, took part in the Russo-French wars of 1805

Shuvalov P.A. (1827-1889), Chief Policeman

SHUVALOV Peter Andreevich (1827-1889, St. Petersburg), Count, statesman, Cavalry General (1872). He was brought up in the School of Pages in St. Petersburg. Entered military service in 1845, participated in the Crimean war of 1853-56

Sobchak A.A. chairman of Leningrad Soviet, mayor in 1990-96

SOBCHAK Anatoly Alexandrovich (1937-2000), statesman and public figure, doctor of law (1982), professor (1982). He graduated from the School of Law of Leningrad State University (1959). Sobchak worked for the Stavropol Regional College of Lawyers

Sobering-up Stations

SOBERING-UP STATIONS. In Autumn 1936 collection of the drunk in the streets by special brigades of militia driving in cars supplied with special equipment became a usual practice in Leningrad

Spiridonov I.V. the 1st secretary of the regional party committee in 1957-62

SPIRIDONOV Ivan Vasilievich (1905-1991), Soviet statesman and party worker. Since 1928 a member of All-Union Communist Party (bolshevist). In 1925-39 he was a worker at Leningrad plants

St. Petersburg Administration

ST. PETERSBURG ADMINISTRATION, a permanent top executive organ of state power on the territory of the city, successor of the city hall. St. Petersburg Administration was formed by the law of St

Station Police Officer

STATION POLICE OFFICER, a police rank. It was established in the course of the city police reform of 1866-67. Police blocks were renamed police stations; a block supervisor became a station police officer; and administrations of blocks became

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