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M. M. Zoshchenko Literary Memorial Museum

M. M. ZOSHCHENKO LITERARY MEMORIAL MUSEUM (4/2 M. Konyushennaya Street), opened in 1992. Founded upon a joint initiative of St. Petersburg literary figures, the museum was located in the house where M. M

M. V. Lomonosov Museum

M. V. LOMONOSOV MUSEUM (3 University Embankment) opened in 1949 within the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (becoming a branch of the museum in 1994) in the Kunstkammer building, where in 1741-65 M. V

Magistrate courts

MAGISTRATE COURTS, the lower echelon of the judiciary system introduced in the course of Judiciary reform of 1864 (see also District court). Magistrate courts were in charge of civil and minor criminal cases. The territory of St

Main Architecture Planning Office

MAIN ARCHITECTURE PLANNING OFFICE of Leningrad city council executive committee (2 Lomonosova Square), the chief organization of the city administration on architectural, construction, urban planning issues, and the development of St

Main Headquarters

MAIN HEADQUARTERS, supreme military administrative body in pre-revolutionary Russia. Established in 1815 as the Main Headquarters of His Imperial Majesty, administered the activities of the army

Main Pedagogical Institute

MAIN PEDAGOGICAL INSTITUTE is an institution of higher education for training teachers for secondary schools and for state and private institutions of higher education

Makarov S.O. (1848-1904), oceanographer, vice-admiral

MAKAROV Stepan Osipovich (1848-1904), fleet commander, naval scientist, Vice-Admiral (1896). Graduated from Naval School in Nikolaevsk- Na-Amure (1865). Served on the Baltic Fleet from 1869

Makarova Embankment

MAKAROVA EMBANKMENT (until 1887 - Malaya Neva River Embankment, until 1952 - Tuchkova Embankment), between Birzhevaya Square and Smolenka River Embankment, on Vasilievsky Island, on the left bank of the Malaya Neva. The embankment was named after S

Makarova T.F. (1907-1997), actress

MAKAROVA Tamara Fedorovna (1907 St. Petersburg - 1997,), film actress and teacher; People's Artist of the USSR in 1950 and Hero of Socialist Labour in 1982. She graduated from the Leningrad Institute of Stage Arts in 1930. She appeared in S. A

Makhaev M.I., (1718-1770), Artist

MAKHAEV Mikhail Ivanovich (1718-1770, St. Petersburg) was a graphic artist and engraver. He studied at the Admiralty School in 1729-31 and at the instrumental workshop of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences from 1731 to 1734

Makovsky K.E. (1839-1915), artist

MAKOVSKY Konstantin Egorovich (1839-1915, Petrograd), painter, V. E. Makovsky's brother. Studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1851-58) under S. K. Zaryanko, completing his studies at the Academy of Arts (1858-62)

Makovsky V.E. (1846-1920), Artist

Makovsky Vladimir Egorovich (1846-1920, Petrograd) was an artist. He was a brother of K. E. Makovsky. He studied at the Moscow College of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in 1861-66, under S. K. Zaryanko

Malakhit, Central Design Bureau

MALAKHIT (18 Frunze Street), St. Petersburg Bureau of Mechanical Engineering of the Russian Shipbuilding Agency and a leading Russian Design Bureau of nuclear-powered attack submarines and their weaponry

Malaya Konyushennaya Street

MALAYA KONYUSHENNAYA STREET (in the 18th century Rozhdestvenskaya Street, in 1918-91 Sofia Perovskaya Street), located between Nevsky Prospect and Shvedsky Lane, laid out in the 1760s as a passageway to the Court Stables (hence the name)

Malaya Neva

MALAYA NEVA, the second largest (after Bolshaya Neva) branch of the Neva river delta. The Malaya Neva separates from the Neva near the Spit of Vasilievsky Island and flows into the Neva Bay between Dekabristov Island and Petrovsky Island

Malaya Nevka

MALAYA NEVKA, a branch of the Neva river delta, which splits off from the Bolshaya Nevka near the Spit of Kamenny Island. The river flows into the Neva Bay between Krestovsky Island and Petrovsky Island, converging with the Malaya Neva

Malaya Okhta, locality

MALAYA OKHTA, a locality in the eastern part of St. Petersburg, situated on the left bank of the Neva River, above the mouth of the Okhta River. It borders on Soedinitelnaya Railway Line in the north and the Okkervil River in the north-east

Malevich K.S., (1878-1935), Artist

MALEVICH Kazimir Severinovich (1878-1935, Leningrad) artist, art theorist. He was trained at the studio of F. I. Rerberg (1905-10) in Moscow. He lived in Moscow until 1919. Had phases of enthusiasm for impressionism, primitivism, cubofuturism

Malinovka

MALINOVKA, formerly a village, located in the northeast of St. Petersburg; known from the late 18th century. It stretched at the place where two rivers of the same name converge (sometimes called Narvin Brook) and the Okhta River (at the

Maltese Chapel

MALTESE CHAPEL, Maltese Chapel of St. John the Baptist located at 26 Sadovaya Street. An architectural monument of the Classicist style. Designed in 1797-1800, (architect G

Maltese Order

MALTESE ORDER (the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Johnnits, hospitaliers, knights of Rodos), a monastic knightly order. It was named after the hospital (travelers’ home) in Jerusalem

Maly Avenue of Petrogradskaya Side

MALY AVENUE Of PETROGRADSKAYA SIDE [in the 1770s - Malaya Perspektiva, in 1941-91 - Shchorsa Avenue, after N.A. Shchors a participant of the Civil War (1895-1919)], from Zhdanovskaya Embankment to Shevchenko Square and Kamennoostrovsky Avenue

Maly Avenue of Vasilievsky Island

MALY AVENUE Of VASILIEVSKY ISLAND [in the 1730-70s - Third Prospektivaya Street, in the 1780-1800s - Malaya Prospektiva, in 1939-44 - Zheleznyakova Avenue, after the participant of October Revolution and Civil War A.G

Maly Drama Theatre - Theatre of Europe

MALY DRAMA THEATRE - THEATRE OF EUROPE (MDT) at 18 Rubinsteina Street. Founded in 1944 in besieged Leningrad as a regional travelling theatre company, the theatre became settled in its present building in 1956

Maly Yaroslavets Restaurant

MALY YAROSLAVETS (Maloyaroslavets). A restaurant opened in the 1870s at 8 Bolshaya Morskaya Street. Originated from a tavern of the same name, which was presumably built in 1812 and named in memory of the battle near Maloyaroslavets

Malyshev V.I. (1910-1976), specialist in study of literature and archaeography

MALYSHEV Vladimir Ivanovich (1910 - 1976, Leningrad), specialist in study of literature and archaeography, Honoured Academic of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1972), PhD in Philology (1968)

Mamin-Sibiryak D.N. (1852-1912), writer

MAMIN-SIBIRYAK (real name Mamin) Dmitry Narkisovich (1852-1912, St. Petersburg), writer. From 1872 lived in St. Petersburg; in 1872-76 studied at Veterinary Faculty of the Moscow Medical Surgical Academy

Manassein V. A., (1841-1901), physician

MANASSEIN Vyacheslav Avxentievich (1841-1901, St. Petersburg), general physician, Doctor of Medicine (1869). He graduated from the Medical Surgical Academy (1866)

Mandelstam O.E. (1891-1938), poet

MANDELSTAM Osip Emilievich (1891-1938), poet. The family of Mandelstam came to St. Petersburg in 1897 (before that, from 1894 lived in Pavlovsk of St. Petersburg Province); some addresses are 17 Ofitserskaya Street (today Dekabristov Street)

Manege

MANEGE, the Central Exhibition Hall (1 St. Isaac Square / 2 Konnogvardeisky Boulevard), the largest exhibition hall of St. Petersburg (total exhibition area is about 4,500 square meters)

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