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Entries / Makarova Embankment

Makarova Embankment


Categories / City Topography/Urban Network/Embankments

MAKAROVA EMBANKMENT (until 1887 - Malaya Neva River Embankment, until 1952 - Tuchkova Embankment), between Birzhevaya Square and Smolenka River Embankment, on Vasilievsky Island, on the left bank of the Malaya Neva. The embankment was named after S.O. Makarov. In the 17th century, there was a settlement of fishermen on this site. In the first half of the 18th century, several stone buildings for Peter the Great's confidants - Count P.M. Apraksin, the Lopukhins, S.F. Klokachev and K.A. Naryshkin, were constructed on the ground of present Buildings 2-4. On the site of Buildings 6-8, the stone building of Gostiny Dvor was constructed in 1722-35 and demolished in the 1900s. In the 18th to the first half of the 19th centuries, berths and warehouses of the port were located along the embankment. In 1809-10, the granite embankment was built as far as Birzhevaya Line, in 1824-32, It was extended up to Tuchkov Bridge, that joins Makarova Embankment and Petrogradskaya Side. In 1809, the granite slope with lions was built by architect I.V. Roginsky. In 1826-32, the northern storehouse of the Stock Exchange appeared (building 2, architect I.F. Luchini, today it houses the Institute of Silicate Chemistry and Soil Science Museum); in 1829-32, the Custom House was erected [building 4, architect Luchini; since 1927, it houses the Russian Literature Institute (Pushkin House)]. In Building 6 (1900-01, architect K.K. Tarasov), Pavlov Scientific Research Institute of Physiology is quartered; artists I.I. Shishkin, I.N. Kramskoy, A.I. Kuindzhi, A.I. Korzukhin, G.G. Myasoedov and composer P.I. Tchaikovsky lived in Building 10 in the second half of the 19th century. In 1823-25, Buildings 14 and 16 were constructed by architect A.I. Melnikov, in 1834, Building 26, made by architect A.M. Bolotov, was added to the ensemble. A.S. Popov lived in Building 22/31.

References: Бунин М. С. Стрелка Васильевскаго острова: История формирования архит. ансамбля. М.; Л., 1958; Никитенко Г. Ю., Соболь В. Д. Василеостровский район: Энцикл. улиц С.-Петербурга. 2-е изд., испр. и доп. СПб., 2002.

G. Y. Nikitenko.

Persons
Apraksin Peter Matveevich, Count
Bolotov Andrey Mikhailovich
Klokachev S.F.
Korzukhin Alexey Ivanovich
Kramskoy Ivan Nikolaevich
Kuindzhi Arkhip Ivanovich
Luchini Giovanni (Ivan Franzevich)
Makarov Stepan Osipovich
Melnikov Avraam Ivanovich
Myasoedov Grigory Grigorievich
Naryshkin Lev Alexandrovich
Pavlov Ivan Petrovich
Peter I, Emperor
Popov A.A.
Roginsky I.V.
Shishkin Ivan Ivanovich
Tarasov Konstantin Konstantinovich
Tchaikovsky Peter Ilyich
the Lopukhins

Addresses
Birzhevaya Line/Saint Petersburg, city
Birzhevaya Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Makarova Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 2
Makarova Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 22/31
Makarova Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 16
Makarova Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 14
Makarova Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 8
Makarova Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city
Makarova Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 10
Makarova Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 6
Makarova Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 26
Makarova Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4
Smolenka River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Бунин М. С. Стрелка Васильевского острова: История формирования архит. ансамбля. М.; Л., 1958
Никитенко Г. Ю., Соболь В. Д. Василеостровский район: Энцикл. улиц С.-Петербурга. 2-е изд., испр. и доп. СПб., 2002

The subject Index
Dokuchaev Central Museum of Soil Science
Russian Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of
Pavlov Institute of Physiology