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Search result: alphabet - P
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Parade of 8 July 1945

PARADE OF 8 JULY 1945, celebrations held in Leningrad in honour of the Leningrad Guard Infantry Corps (the 45th, 63rd and 64th Guard Rifle Divisions), which were returning to the city from the Baltics

Parades and Reviews

PARADES AND REVIEWS, solemn public military ceremonies, held in St. Petersburg since the 1730s. Until 1917 they were diverse and held in large numbers, occurred frequently, imparting the solemn and festive look of a military capital to the city


PARADIZ (from French рaradis - "paradise"), an unofficial name, Tsar Peter the Great used for St. Petersburg in his correspondence with members of the family and friends starting from 1705. Reference: Письма и бумаги императора Петра Великого


PARGOLOVO, a former settlement; since 1997, a municipal unit along the Vyborgskoe Highway, in the Vyborgsлy District of Saint Petersburg; also, a train station. As of 2002, the population count was approximately 4,000 people

Pargolovo Hills

PARGOLOVO HILLS, a natural prominence in the south of St. Petersburg. It received its name from a Finish village of Parkola (later called Pargolovo) that was once situated in the surroundings

Parks (entry)

PARKS are monuments of landscape architecture located in various landscape environments. There are parks located on the lower and on the upper terraces of the Gulf of Finland (the parks of Petrodvorets and Lomonosov)


PARNAS, an industrial and warehouse area to the north of Suzdalsky Avenue and junction railway line Ruchyi - Pargolovo. The overbridge on Kultury Avenue connects it with residential districts of St. Petersburg

Particulyarnaya Shipyard

PARTICULYARNAYA SHIPYARD (civil shipyard)(1st Nevskaya Shipyard), built by architects G. Mattarnovi, N. Gerbel, and D. Trezzini on the left bank of the Fontanka opposite the Summer Gardens in 1715-22

Partnership of St. Petersburg Artisans

PARTNERSHIP OF ST. PETERSBURG ARTISANS (Tochissky Group), one of the first Marxist organizations in Russia founded by P.V. Tochissky, D.V. Lazarev, L.L. and E.L. Breitfus in 1885, the name given in 1886. The members of the partnership were workers N

Party History Institute

PARTY HISTORY INSTITUTE of the Leningrad Regional Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, a branch of the Institute of Marxism-Leninism working under the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1939

Pashkov House (Liteiny Avenue)

PASHKOV HOUSE (House of Lands Department, 39 Liteiny Avenue), an architectural monument of Eclecticism. It was constructed in 1841-1844 by architect G.A. Bosse in the style of the Italian Renaissance

Passage, department store

PASSAGE (48 Nevsky Prospect), a trade-manufacturing company and a department store, private corporation (as of 1992). It originates from the Passage store, built in 1846-48 (architect R.A. Zhelyazevich; rebuilt in 1900 by architect S.S

Passport Offices

PASSPORT OFFICES, institutions issuing passports and registering citizens were created by order of the Central Executive Committee and Soviet of People's Commissariat of the USSR in December

Patersen Benjamin, (1750-1810), Artist

PATERSEN Benjamin (1750-1810, St. Petersburg) Swedish artist, water colour painter and engraver. He received his artistic education in Goteborg. He lived in St. Petersburg from 1786

Patronage of Art (entry)

PATRONAGE OF ART is disinterested financial and other forms of participation in the culture, science, and assistance to figures of science and culture. The beginning for patronage of art in St

Patti А. (1845-1919), singer

PATTI Adelina (1845-1919), Italian singer (soprano). In 1859, she made her debut on the opera stage. She had a unique voice, equally strong in all registers, with a metallic timber and perfect technique. In 1869-77, she performed in St

Pavel (Paul) I (1754-1801), Emperor

PAVEL (PAUL) I (1754, St. Petersburg - 1801), Emperor (from 1796). Son of Emperor Peter III and Catherine II. His first wife was Augusta Wilhelmina Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt (Natalia Alexeevna upon conversion to Orthodoxy) (1755-76); his second


PAVEMENT. In the early 18th century, pedestrian pavements in St. Petersburg developed out of wooden planked roadways. In the mid 18th century, wooden pavements appeared; in the late 18th century came stone pavements made of limestone slabs


PAVEMENTS have been built in St. Petersburg since the early 18th century. The first pavements were made of boards, later various paving materials were applied, including planks, cobblestones, asphalt, woodblocks, granite, metal, road metal (pebbles)

Pavlenkov F.F. (1839-1900), publisher

PAVLENKOV Florenty Fedorovich (1839-1900), publisher. Graduated from the Mikhailovsky Artillery Academy (1861), served at the Kiev Arsenal and Bryansk Arsenal. Having resigned, he moved to St. Petersburg in 1865. In 1866, he started publishing

Pavlov I.P., (1849-1936), physiologist

PAVLOV Ivan Petrovich (1849-1936, Leningrad), physiologist, member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1907), Russian Academy of Sciences (1917), Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1925). He came to St

Pavlov Institute of Physiology

PAVLOV INSTITUTE OF PHYSIOLOGY of the Russian Academy of Sciences, located at 6 Makarova Embankment, is a scientific research institution and a coordinating centre for research into animal and human physiology

Pavlov Medical University

PAVLOV MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, St. Petersburg State Medical University situated at 8/6 Leo Tolstoy Street. It was founded by subscription in 1897 as the first national Women's Medical Institute

Pavlova А.P., (1881-1931), ballet dancer

PAVLOVA Anna Pavlovna (1881 - 1931, St. Petersburg), ballet dancer. Studied under P. A. Gerdt in the Petersburg Theatre School, graduating in 1899. She joined the company of the Mariinsky Theatre to dance the key parts in M. I

Pavlovsk Museum Park

PAVLOVSK MUSEUM PARK was formed in 1918 on the palace ensemble grounds in Pavlovsk. It includes the Grand Palace, the Palace Park and the Private Garden, the Temple of Friendship, the Colonnade of Apollo, the Pil Tower, the Pavilion of Three Graces

Pavlovsk Vauxhall

PAVLOVSK VAUXHALL (Pavlovsk Kursaal), concert hall at the Pavlovsk Railway Station (1836, 1844, architects F.I. Rusca, A.I. Stakenschneider, 1861, architect A.V. Petzold), centre of St

Pavlovsk, Palace and Park Ensemble

PAVLOVSK, the palace and park ensemble in the town Pavlovsk, is one of the biggest landscape parks in Europe. Its total area is 600 hectares. In 1777, the estate located here was presented by Empress Catherine II to her son Prince Pavel Pavlovich on

Pavlovsk, town

PAVLOVSK, a town (from 1796), municipal unit, and the centre of the Pavlovsky District on the Slavyanka River. Known as Slutsk in 1918-44. As of 2002, the population count was approximately 16,000 inhabitants

Pavlovsky District

PAVLOVSKY DISTRICT, an administrative and territorial unit of St. Petersburg, with its administration located in the town of Pushkin, at 24 Oktyabrsky Boulevard. It owes its name to the town of Pavlovsk at the district's centre

Pavlovsky Life Guards Regiment

PAVLOVSKY LIFE GUARDS REGIMENT, infantry guards regiment. Raised in 1790 from separate grenadier companies like the Pavlovsky Grenadier Regiment. Participated in the wars with France (1799, 1805, 1806-07, 1812-14); Turkey (1828-29

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