Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
The subject index / Third Division

Third Division

Categories / City Administration/Police, Prisons
Categories / Capital/Superior and Central State Institutions

THIRD DIVISION of His Majesty's Own office, the supreme state establishment that performed political surveillance and investigation in the country. The office was established on July 3, 1826 for observation of political opinions of different society strata (primarily, Petersburg officialdom and nobility). On April 28, 1827 Gendarme Corps was established (see Gendarmerie); its subdivisions became the executive body of the Third Division. Since 1842, the director of the Third Division was at the same time the chief of gendarmerie. The staff of the Third Division consisted of several tens of officials (in 1880, 72 persons). The structure of the Division included 5 (4 until 1841) expeditions, one public and two secret archives, and a printing office. The Division's terms of reference covered cases connected with contempt of emperor and the members of the royal family, cases and proceedings for the offences against the State, for counteracting social and revolutionary movements, counter-smuggling (until 1872), censorship (until 1865), control of book-publishing and book importation, collection of information on events and cases of abuse in the country, about sectarians, counterfeiters, inventors and so forth. The Third Division was also in charge of the state political prisons, including Peter and Paul's and Shlisselburg fortresses. In February of 1880 the Division together with the Gendarmerie Corps was temporarily placed under the command of the Superior Administrative committee headed by count M.T. Loris-Melikov; the Third Division was abolished according to the decree of August 6, 1880, its functions delegated to the Police department attached to the Ministry of Home Affairs (The Gendarmerie Corps came to be under the supervision of the minister of Home Affairs). The Third Division was headed by the high officials, closest and most faithful to the emperor: A.C Benckendorff (1826-44), A.F. Orlov (1844-56), V.A. Dolgorukov (1856-66), P.A. Shuvalov (1866-74), A.L. Potapov (1874-76), N.V. Mezentsov (1876-78), A.R. Drenteln (1878-80), P.A. Cherevin (1880). Originally the Third Division was situated at 58 Moika River Embankment (the building was not retained), since 1838, at 16 Fontanka River Embankment.

References: Ерошкин Н. П. Крепостническое самодержавие и его политические институты: (Первая половина XIX в.). М., 1981; Оржеховский И. В. Самодержавие против революционной России (1826-1880 гг.). М., 1982; Троцкий И. М. III-е Отделение при Николае I. Л., 1990; Чукарев А. Г. Тайная полиция Николая I (1826-1855): В 2 кн. Ярославль, 2003.

D. N. Shilov.

Benckendorff Alexander Krristoforovich
Cherevin Peter Alexandrovich
Dolgorukov Vasily Andreevich, Prince
Drenteln Alexander Romanovich
Loris-Melikov Mikhail Tarielovich, Count
Mezentsov Nikolay Vladimirovich
Orlov Alexey Fedorovich, Duke
Potapov Alexander Lvovich
Shuvalov Peter Andreevich, Count

Fontanka River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 16
Moika River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 58

Ерошкин Н. П. Крепостническое самодержавие и его политические институты: (Первая половина XIX в.). М., 1981
Государственность России: Слов.-справ. М., 2001
Оржеховский И.В. Самодержавие против революционной России (1826 - 1880 гг.). М., 1982

The subject Index
Ministry of Internal Affairs


Dolgorukov Family

DOLGORUKOV (Dolgoruky), princely family, the Rurik Dinasty, important in the 15th century. Yakov Fedorovich Dolgorukov (1639-1720, St. Petersburg) was a statesman, associate of Peter the Great's, boyar (1697)

Museum of History of Political Police

MUSEUM OF HISTORY OF POLITICAL POLICE (6 Admiralty Avenue /2 Gorokhovaya Street), was founded in 1974 as F. E. Dzerzhinsky’s memorial study and in 1975 became a branch of the Museum of the Great October Socialist Revolution (see Museum of Russian

Nicholas I, Emperor (1796-1855)

NICHOLAS I (1796, Tsarskoe Selo - 1855, St. Petersburg), Emperor (from 1825). Emperor Pavel I and Empress Maria Fedorovna's third son. Married the Princess of Prussia (1817), who took the name of Alexandra Fedorovna

Orlov Family

ORLOV FAMILY, nobles, counts and princes, known since the 17th century. Brothers Grigory, Vladimir, Alexey and Fedor Orlov took an active part in the take-over of 28 June 1762


POLICE was created in St. Petersburg at the beginning of the 18th century; it was engaged in all the spheres of city life: construction, fire safety, city finances, public institutions, concert and theatre activities, etc

Prisons (entry)

PRISONS. The first prison in St. Petersburg (Convict gaol, or Convict yard, until 1732 under the jurisdiction of the Admiralty) was built in 1706 in the area of present-day Truda square

Shuvalov P.A. (1827-1889), Chief Policeman

SHUVALOV Peter Andreevich (1827-1889, St. Petersburg), Count, statesman, Cavalry General (1872). He was brought up in the School of Pages in St. Petersburg. Entered military service in 1845, participated in the Crimean war of 1853-56

Zemlya i Volya (Land and Liberty) of 1870s

ZEMLYA I VOLYA (Land and Liberty) of 1870s, an illegal revolutionary organization that was founded in St. Petersburg in 1876 as the Northern Revolutionary Group of Narodniks (Populists) or the Society of Narodniks renamed in 1878