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Rubricator / / Capital / Superior and Central State Institutions
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Chancellery, His Imperial Majesty's Personal

CHANCELLERY, HIS IMPERIAL MAJESTY'S Personal, a supreme public institution. The Chancellery consisted of several divisions, which were established during the first half of the 19th century to carry out the Sovereign's personal supervision over

Collegiums (entry)

COLLEGIUMS, central State control facilities, organised on the principle of departments; established by Tsar Peter the Great in 1717-21. Each collegium was headed by a president appointed by the Tsar; each president had a vice-president as a

Committee for Military and Naval Affairs

COMMITTEE FOR MILITARY AND NAVAL AFFAIRS, the first Central Soviet Armed Forces Administration. Established at the second All-Russian Congress of Soviets on 26 October (8 September) 1917, and quartered at Smolny. Committee members included V. A

Highest Organs of State Power (entry)

HIGHEST ORGANS OF STATE POWER. The first higher organ of state power to function in St. Petersburg was the Senate founded by Tsar Peter the Great in 1711. The Supreme Privy Council was founded under Empress Catherine I (1725-30)

His Imperial Majesty's Cabinet

HIS IMPERIAL MAJESTY'S CABINET, central state institution. Created in 1704 as Tsar Peter the Great's private cabinet, conducting the personal correspondence of Russian Emperors, managing their personal finances and property

Imperial Theatres Board

IMPERIAL THEATRES BOARD, a public institution managing the Imperial Theatres. The board was established in 1786 as the Board for Shows and Music, succeeding the functions of the Committee for Shows and Music (1783-86); from 1806

Lines of Communication, Chief Administration for

LINES OF COMMUNICATION, CHIEF ADMINISTRATION FOR, a central public institution in charge of construction and maintenance of communication routes on water and land

Military Collegium

MILITARY COLLEGIUM, a central government institution, army headquarters. Founded in 1719. The collegium occupied various buildings in the Admiralteyskaya and Liteinaya sections of the city; aside from this

Ministry for Industry and Commerce

MINISTRY FOR INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE, central public institution administering state industry, as well as inspecting private industrial and commercial enterprises

Ministry of Agriculture

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, one of the Russian Empire's central public institutions. The ministry was instituted on 26 December 1837, according to P.D. Kiselev's reforms for the administration of state peasants

Ministry of Finance

MINISTRY OF FINANCE, one of the Russian Empire's central public institutions, in charge of financial and economic policy. Established on 8 September 1802, and reorganized in 1810-11

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, central public institution in charge of foreign policy. Established on 8 September 1802 on the basis of the Collegium of Foreign Affairs, which was a part of the ministry until 1832, when the Ministry was reorganized

Ministry of Internal Affairs

MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS, one of the Russian Empire's central public institutions, in charge of home policy. Established on 8 September 1802, and reorganized in 1810-11

Ministry of Justice

MINISTRY OF JUSTICE, one of the Russian Empire's central public institutions. Established on 8 September 1802 on the basis of the Collegium of Justice, and reached a final structure in 1811

Ministry of Public Education

MINISTRY OF PUBLIC EDUCATION, central public institution, in charge of the Russian Empire's educational and academic institutions (excepting military, naval and theological institutions)

Ministry of the Imperial Court

MINISTRY OF THE IMPERIAL COURT and Principalities (in 1852-56 The Ministry of the Imperial Court) was established in 1826 by request of the Emperor, the Imperial Family, and the Imperial Court

Ministry of the Navy

MINISTRY OF THE NAVY, one of the Russian Navy Administration's central public institutions, responsible for naval units and facilities, recruitment, logistics and maintenance, and combat activity

Ministry of Transport Communications

MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT COMMUNICATIONS, central public institution during the Russian Empire. Founded on 15 June 1865 on the basis of the Chief Administration for Lines of Communication and Public Buildings

Ministry of War

MINISTRY OF WAR (in 1802-08, called the Ministry of Land Forces), a central government institution, military headquarters in the 19th - early 20th centuries. Instituted according to the Manifesto of 8 September 1802

People's Commissariats

PEOPLE'S COMMISSARIATS, central institutions of public administration in Soviet Russia, established by the Decree of the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets of 26 October (8 November) 1917

Postal and Telegraph Ministry

POSTAL AND TELEGRAPH MINISTRY, central public institution, in charge of the Russian Empire's postal and telegraph communications. The ministry was established on 15 June 1865

Provisional Government of 1917

PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT was the highest state organ of power in Russia, from 2 (15) March until 25 October (7 November) 1917. It was formed after the February Revolution of 1917 by the Provisional Committee of the State Duma in accordance with

Public Assistance Board

PUBLIC ASSISTANCE BOARD, administrative body, established in 1775 for the provision of medical, educational and charitable assistance to the population. Public Assistance Board supported public schools (until 1782), orphanages


SENATE (The Ruling Senate) was the highest state institution of the Russian Empire. It was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 22 February 1711 as the highest organ of legislation, administration and judiciary

State Assembly

STATE ASSEMBLY was the highest advisory (from 1906, legislative) body in the Russian Empire. It was established by a Decree on 30 March 1801, and transformed on 1 January 1810

State Bank

STATE BANK established in 1860 for the resuscitation of business and the consolidation of monetary and credit systems. The bank was located at 21 Sadovaya Street; it took deposits, set up accounts, provided short-term credit and loans

State Chancellery

STATE CHANCELLERY, a State Assembly office, instituted on 1 January 1810 in accordance with state reforms conceived by M.M. Speransky, who became its first director

State Duma

STATE DUMA (1905-17), the lower house of the Russian Parliament. It was established on 6 August 1905 as a deliberating representative body for preliminary discussions of legislative proposals

State Inspectorate

STATE INSPECTORATE (1811-1917), the central establishment for financial control in the Russian Empire (preceded by the Main Directorate for the Auditing of State Invoices, which existed until 1836 and was headed by the State Inspector)


SYNOD (Apostolic Governing Synod), the highest collective organ of government of the Russian Orthodox Church, legislative and deliberative body, administrative and judicial institution

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