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Fedorov V.G. (1874-1966), constructor

FEDOROV Vladimir Grigoryevich (1874, St. Petersburg - 1966), constructor of small arms, professor (1940), Lieutenant General (1943), and Hero of Labour (1928). Graduated from Mikhailovsky Artillery College (1895) and the Mikhailovsky Artillery

Fedosov V.I. (1941-1990), cinematographer

FEDOSOV Valery Ivanovich (1941-1990, Leningrad), cinematographer. He graduated from the All-Russian State Institute of Cinematography and started working at Lenfilm Studio in 1963. He produced his best performance in A. Y

Fedotov G.P. (1886-1951), religious thinker and historian

FEDOTOV Georgy Petrovich (1886-1951), religious thinker, historian, and essayist. He came to St. Petersburg in 1904 to enter the Technological Institute and join the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party

Fedotov P.A., (1815-1852), artist

FEDOTOV Pavel Andreevich (1815-1852, St. Petersburg), painter and graphic artist, fellow of the Academy of Arts (1848). A graduate from the First Moscow Cadet Corps, he rendered his service at the Finlyandsky Life Guards Regiment in St

Fedyuninsky I.I. (1900-1977), military commander, general

FEDYUNINSKY Ivan Ivanovich (1900-1977), Soviet military commander, General (1955), Hero of the Soviet Union (1939). From 1919 served in the Red Army. Participated in the Civil War

Felten Y. M. (1730-1801), architect

FELTEN Yury Matveevich (Georg Friedrich) (1730 -1801, St. Petersburg), architect, professor of the Academy of Fine Arts (from 1775; from 1785 a Council member, in 1789-94 director), State Counsellor (1784)

Fenomen Peterburga (Petersburg Phenomenon), publication series

FENOMEN PETERBURGA (Petersburg Phenomenon), a collection of scientific publications of the International Conference organised by the Petersburg Phenomenon Scientific, Cultural and Educational Centre in association with St

Feodor Cathedral

FEODOR CATHEDRAL, the Cathedral of the Icon of Our Lady Feodorovskaya, located at 1b Tovarny Lane. The cathedral in the style of the 17th century churches of Rostov Veliky (civil engineer S. S

Feodorovsky Settlement (Pushkin Town)

FEODOROVSKY SETTLEMENT, an architectural ensemble of the town of Pushkin, to the north-west from the Alexandrovsky Park. It was constructed in the Neo-Russian style on the initiative of Emperor Nicholas II and encompasses the Court Cathedral of Our

Feofan (Feofan Prokopovich (1681-1736), statesman and church figure, writer

FEOFAN/THEOPHAN (lay name Eleazar Prokopovich) (1681-1736, St. Petersburg), church figure. He studied at Kiev Theological Academy (until 1698), then at colleges of Vladimir-Volynsky

Fersman А.Е., (1883-1945), geochemist

FERSMAN Alexander Evgenievich (1883-1945), geochemist and mineralogist, member (1919), vice-president (1927-29) and the Presidium member (since 1929) of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR

Field J. (1782 - 1837), composer, pianist

FIELD John (1782-1837), Irish pianist, composer, teacher. Studied in London under M. Clementi from 1792 to 1802. Started giving concerts throughout Europe as early as 1794. In 1802, together with Clementi, he came to St

Field of Mars (Marsovo Pole), ensemble

FIELD OF MARS (in the 18th century Bolshoy Meadow, Poteshnoe Field, Tsaritsyn Meadow, in 1918 -40 – Zhertv Revolyutsii Square), the square in the centre of St. Petersburg. It was named so in honour of Mars, the Roman god of war

Fighting Pencil, Society

FIGHTING PENCIL, association of artists and poets in Leningrad that published lithographic propaganda posters and books of satirical drawings. Started their activities during the Soviet-Finnish War of 1939-40

Figner N.N., (1857-1918), singer

Figner Nikolay Nikolaevich (1857-1918), opera singer (lyric tenor), stage-director, pedagogue, theatre figure. Brother of V.N. Figner. In 1878 he graduated from the Marine Cadet Corps in St. Petersburg, served in the Fleet, and retired in 1881

Figner V.N. (1852-1942), revolutionary

FIGNER Vera Nikolaevna (1852-1942), prominent figure of the revolutionary movement of the 1870-80s, author of memoirs. The sister of singer N.N. Figner. Studied at the Kazan Institute for Noble Girls, studied medicine in Switzerland

Film Companies (entry)

FILM COMPANIES are film production enterprises from the early 20th century. The first film company in Russia - The First Atelier for Manufacturing of Cinematic Films - was founded by Alexander Drankov in 1907

Filonov P.N., (1883-1941), artist

FILONOV Pavel Nikolaevich (1883-1941, Leningrad), painter and graphic artist. From 1896 he was living in St. Petersburg, where he studied painting at the Drawing School of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts (1896-1901), L.E

Filosofova A.P. (1837-1912), public figure

FILOSOFOVA (nee Dyagileva) Anna Pavlovna (1837, St. Petersburg - 1912, St. Petersburg), a public figure. The wife of member of State Council V.D. Filosofov (1820-94) and the mother of critic and publicist D.V. Filosofov (1872-1940)

Findeizen N.F., (1868-1928), musician

FINDEIZEN Nikolay Fedorovich (1868, St. Petersburg - 1928), music critic, historian of the Russian music, music figure. Graduated from the Commercial School, took music lessons in composition from N.A. Sokolov (1890-92)

Finlyandsky Life Guards Regiment

FINLYANDSKY LIFE-GUARDS REGIMENT, was raised in December 1806 in Strelna and Peterhof as the Imperial Militia Battalion (recruited from state and court serfs, predominantly of the Finnish origin, hence the name). On 22.1

Finlyandsky Railway Bridge

FINLYANDSKY RAILWAY BRIDGE, across the Neva River, on Finlyandskaya junction railway line. The bridge was built in 1910-13 (engineers N.A. Belelyubsky, G.G. Krivoshein, I.G. Alexandrov, architect V.P. Apyshkov)

Finlyandsky Railway Station

FINLYANDSKY RAILWAY STATION (5 Lenina Square), was built in 1870 by architect P.S. Kupinsky. It was a single-story building with a 2-storied pavilion. The side facade with the pavilion for the members of the Imperial Family was accessed via the


FINNS, an ethnic community forming a part of the St. Petersburg population. The Finnish language is related to the Finno-Ugrian group of Uralic languages. Their faith is Lutheran

Fire Safety

FIRE SAFETY. In the city's early days, all citizens were responsible for St. Petersburg fire safety. Soldiers of the Petersburg Garrison regularly took part in fire-extinguishing exercises

Fire Towers

FIRE TOWERS ('kalancha') are a trivial name for watchtowers, from which special watchmen watched for the inception of fires, beginnings of floods, etc. In St. Petersburg

Fires (entry)

FIRES. Especially common in the first years of St. Petersburg's existence. The first large fire happened in 1710 on Troitskaya Square. A prohibition against constructing wooden houses within city limits was issued in 1727


FIREWORKS (in the 18th century - poteshnye ogni, toy-lights). The tradition of lighting firecrackers on holidays in St. Petersburg was introduced by Peter I. Fireworks were usually combined with illumination - luminous scenery (allegories)

First All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies

FIRST ALL-RUSSIAN CONGRESS OF SOVIETS OF WORKERS' AND SOLDIERS' DEPUTIES. Held on 3-24 June (16 June - 7 July) 1917. Most of the sittings were held in the 1st Cadet Corps building (3/1 Kadetskaya Line); some were held at Tauride Palace

First of March 1887

FIRST OF MARCH 1887 (The Second First of March, by analogy with the First of March 1881), the day of the attempt on the life of the Emperor Alexander III. It was prepared by members of the Terrorist Faction of People's Will, created in 1886 by A.I