Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
Entries / Feodor Cathedral

Feodor Cathedral

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Religious Architecture (see also Religion.Church)
Categories / Religion. Church/Places of Worship (see also Architecture and Urban Planning)

FEODOR CATHEDRAL, the Cathedral of the Icon of Our Lady Feodorovskaya, located at 1b Tovarny Lane. The cathedral in the style of the 17th century churches of Rostov Veliky (civil engineer S. S. Krichinsky) was constructed on donations in 1911-14, to commemorate the three hundredth anniversary of the Romanov Dynasty. It was preceded by a chapel (1894, architect A. A. Lekshinsky) and a church of the same name (1904-09) located near the Nikolaevsky railway station, both belonging to Feodorovsky Monastery. The cathedral was built from reinforced concrete and had two churches with three side-altars each (the Lower Church of St. Alexander Nevsky, and the Upper – Feodor Church). The Cathedral could hold 3,500 people. The main rectangular structure was crowned with five domes, the walls faced with white stone were parcelled by pilaster strips and blind arches, fitted with narrow embrasure windows. The facade was adorned with the family tree of the Romanov dynasty made of majolica (to the drawings of S. V. Chekhonin). The interior of the Lower Church was designed in the 13th century Novgorod style, and the Upper Church - in Rostov style, without pillars. Its five-tier stylised iconostasis and icon cases were engraved in the workshop of I. M. Dikarev; the icons were painted by Moscow artists V. P. Guryanov, N. S. Emelyanov, and G. I. Chirikov. Paintings in the manner of Dionysius were created by V. S. Shcherbakov. Church plates and bells were made at the factory of Olovyanishnikov. The project was interrupted by the World War I of 1914-18 and never fully completed. The Lower Church was completed only in 1920. In 1932, the cathedral was closed down, the five domes and the decor of its other part were destroyed, the building was re-equipped to house a dairy plant. The neighbouring wooden Church of Holy New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia was consecrated in 1998.

References: Макаревский М. И. Храм-памятник в С.-Петербурге tercentenary царствования дома Романовых. СПб., 1911; Антонов В. В., Кобак А. В. Святыни Санкт-Петербурга: Ист.-церков. энцикл. СПб., 1994. Т. 1. С. 88-91; Яковлева Е. Б. Соборный храм Федоровской иконы Божьей Матери // Памятники истории и культуры Петербурга: Исслед. и материалы. СПб., 1994. С. 62-69.

V. V. Antonov.

Chekhonin Sergey Vasilievich
Chirikov Grigory Iosifovich
Dikarev Ivan Mikhailovich
Emelyanov Nikolay Sergeevich
Guryanov Vasily Pavlovich
Krichinsky Stepan Samoilovich
Lekshinsky A.A.
Olovyanishnikov P.I.
Shcherbakov Valentin Semenovich

Tovarny Lane/Saint Petersburg, city, house 1, litera л. Б

Макаревский М. И. Храм-памятник в С.-Петербурге 300-летия царствования дома Романовых. СПб., 1911
Антонов В. В., Кобак А. В. Святыни Санкт-Петербурга: Ист.-церков. энцикл. СПб., 1994

The subject Index
Moskovsky Railway Station
Moskovsky Railway Station