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World of Literature, publishing house, 1918-1924

WORLD OF LITERATURE, a publishing house established in 1918 by M. Gorky, A.N. Tikhonov and I.P. Ladyzhnikov attached to the People's Comissariat for Education of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

Wrangel N. N. (1880-1915), Art Historian

WRANGEL Nikolay Nikolaevich (1880-1915) a baron, art historian. Lived in St. Petersburg from 1897. Wrote about the history of Russian artistic culture from the 18th to the beginning of the 19th centuries, including sculpture, painting

Wreden Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics

WREDEN INSTITUTE OF TRAUMATOLOGY AND ORTHOPAEDICS, Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics situated at 8 Akademika Baykova Street. It was founded as the Petersburg Orthopaedic Institute with the sponsorship of Empress Alexandra

Wreden R. R., (1867 - 1934), orthopaedic surgeon

WREDEN Roman Romanovich (1867, St. Petersburg - 1934, Leningrad), orthopaedic surgeon, Doctor of Medicine (1893), Professor (from 1911). He graduated from the Military Medical Academy (1890)

Wurttemberg Alexander Friedrich, von (1771-1833), Prince

WURTTEMBERG ALEXANDER, VON (Alexander Friedrich Karl) (1771-1833), Prince, Russian state and military figure, Cavalry General (1800). Brother of Empress Maria Fedorovna (wife of Emperor Pavel I)

Xenia the Blessed (circa 1731 - circa 1803)

Xenia the Blessed, Xenia of St. Petersburg (lay name Xenia Grigorievna Petrova) (c. 1731 - c. 1803), resident of St. Petersburg, became famous for her pious life and ascetics (in 1988, she was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church)

Yablochkov P.N., (1847-1894), electrical engineer

YABLOCHKOV Pavel Nikolaevich (1847-1894), electrical engineer. In St. Petersburg, he left the Nikolaevskoe Engineering School in 1866 and Technical Galvanic School in 1869


YABLONOVKA, an area close to Ladozhskaya metro station, on the right bank of the Okkervil River. Since 1817, it was known as Bolshaya Yablonka village (since 1831 - Bolshaya Yablonovka). Malaya Yablonovka village was located about 1 km up-stream

Yacht Clubs (entry)

YACHT CLUBS. Nevsky Flot (Nevskaya Flotiliya) was the first yacht club in Russia. It was founded by order of tsar Peter the Great on 12.4.1718 and had its own flag. It was given 141 small ships "to entertain people" in perpetual tenure

Yakobson L.V., (1904-1975), choreographer

YAKOBSON Leonid Veniaminovich (1904, St. Petersburg - 1975), dancer, choreographer, Honoured Worker of Arts of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1957). After graduating from the Leningrad Drama School, where he studied under V.I

Yakornaya Square

YAKORNAYA SQUARE in Kronstadt, the central square of the town, limited by the ravine of Petrovsky Dock, the wall of the Admiralty and Obvodny Canal. The square appeared in 1754 as the place for the storage of anchors and anchor chains (hence the

Yakovlev A.E. (1887-1938), artist

YAKOVLEV Alexander Evgenievich (1887 - 1938, St. Petersburg), painter and graphic artist. He studied at the Academy of Arts from 1905 to 1913, with D.N. Kardovsky as his tutor from 1907

Yakovlev S. Y. (1712-1784), entrepreneur

YAKOVLEV (Sobakin) Savva Yakovlevich (1712-1784), manufacturer. A representative of petty bourgeoisie from Ostashkov, he owned dozens of butcher shops and co-owned a wine-house in St. Petersburg

Yakubovich P.F. (1860-1911), poet, revolutionary

YAKUBOVICH Peter Filippovich (1860-1911, St. Petersburg), poet, writer, participant of People"s Will movement of the 1880s. He graduated from Faculty of History and Philology of Petersburg University (1882)

Yakubovicha Street

YAKUBOVICHA STREET, called Novo-Isaakievskaya Street until 1923, after St. Isaac's Cathedral, running between Isaakievskaya Square and Truda Square. The street was named after Decembrist A.I. Yakubovich (1792-1845)

Yanson Y.E. (1835-1893), statistician and economist

YANSON Yuly Eduardovich (1835-1893, St. Petersburg), statistician and economist, corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences from 1892. He graduated from Kiev University with a major in history and philology in 1855. Lived in St

Yanyshev I.L. (1826-1910), Court Archpresbyter

YANYSHEV Ioann Leontevich (1826-1910, St. Petersburg), religious and public figure, preacher, Doctor of Theology (1899). Graduated from St. Petersburg Theological Academy in 1849

Yard Keeper

YARD KEEPERS, until the mid-18th century, holders of hostelries, afterwards, they were house workers. In the 18th century the yard keeper’s duty was to clean the yard and the territories adjacent to the house. Yard-keepers served as watchmen as well

Yaremich S.P. (1869-1938), artist, art historian

YAREMICH Stepan Petrovich (1869-1938, Leningrad), art historian, artist, collector. Studied in a real school in Kiev. Moved to St. Petersburg in 1899. Yaremich was a member of the World of Art Association and Old St. Petersburg Society

Yaroshenko N.A., (1846-1898), artist

YAROSHENKO Nikolay Alexandrovich (1846-1898), painter. Lived in St. Petersburg from the mid-1850s. He graduated from the First Cadet Corps in 1863, the Mikhaylovsky Artillery School in 1865, and the Mikhaylovsky Artillery Academy in 1870

Yatsevich A.G. (1887-1942), Regional Ethnographer

YATSEVICH Andrey Grigorievich (1887, St. Petersburg - 1942, Leningrad) art historian, regional ethnographer, specialist in the works by Pushkin. Yatsevich graduated from the Faculty of Law of St. Petersburg University in 1905

Yavorskaya L.B. (1871-1921), actress

YAVORSKAYA (nee von Guebbenet, Princess Baryatinskaya by marriage) Lidia Borisovna (1871-1921), actress. She completed the Drama Courses at the Theatre School in St. Petersburg in 1893 and studied under E. Gaux in Paris

Yazykov N.M. (1803-1846/47), poet

YAZYKOV Nikolay Mikhailovich (1803-1846) was a poet. He came to St. Petersburg in 1814. In 1814-19, he studied at the Mining Cadet Corps (he graduated from the classes of the gymnasia), in 1820

Young People's Theatre

YOUNG PEOPLE'S THEATRE, Bryantsev Young People's Theatre, situated at 1 Pionerskaya Square. It was founded in 1921 and opened in 1922 in the hall of the former Tenishev's School at 33 Mokhovaya Street. Headed by A. A

Youth for the Renascence of St. Petersburg, Social Movement

YOUTH FOR THE RENASCENCE OF ST. PETERSBURG, cultural patriotic youth social movement. The movement appeared in 1990 on the initiative of teachers of the Palace of Creative Youth and the city's regional ethnographers

Youth Recreation Centre

YOUTH RECREATION CENTRE (47 Professor Popov Street), built in 1969-80 (architects P.S. Prokhorov, V.P. Tropin, A.P. Izoitko, engineers V.V. Panova, M.E. Khristiansen) as the first recreational centre for young people in the USSR

Youth Union

YOUTH UNION, a society of artists established by former members of the group Treugolnik (Elena Guro, Mikhail Matyushin, Eduard Spandikov, Iosif Shkolnik, Savely Schleifer, et al). The Youth Union was chaired by Eduard Spandikov (1910-13) and by L.I

Yudenich N.N. (1862-1933), commander, general of infantry

YUDENICH Nikolay Nikolaevich (1862-1933), military leader, Infantry General (1915). Graduated from the Alexandrovsky Military School (1881) and the Nikolaevskaya General Staff Academy (1887) in St. Petersburg

Yudina M.V. (1899-1970), pianist

YUDINA Maria Veniaminovna (1899-1970), pianist, teacher. In 1921 she graduated from the Petrograd Conservatory, where she studied under A.N. Esipova and L.V. Nikolaev

Yunger E.V. (1910-1999), actress

YUNGER Elena Vladimirovna (1910 - 1999, St. Petersburg), actress, People's Artist of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1950). In 1925-30, she studied at the Leningrad Institute for Art History