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The subject index / Voeykov Main Geophysical Observatory

Voeykov Main Geophysical Observatory

Categories / Science. Education/Science and Planning Institutions

VOEYKOV MAIN GEOPHYSICAL OBSERVATORY, situated at 7 Karbysheva Street, the central research institution conducting research in aerophysics and climatology. It has also been monitoring ambient air pollution in St. Petersburg since 1990. Founded in 1849, it was named the Main Physical Observatory until 1924. It started publishing its weather bulletin in 1872. A Storm Warning Service was founded as part of the observatory in 1874. The observatory has been conducting synoptic research for long-term weather forecasts since 1908. Decreed by the Soviet of People’s Commissars in 1921, it was charged with restoring and developing a service to become the meteorological centre of the country till 1929. The observatory was named after A. I. Voeykov in 1949. The settlement of Seltsy, Vsevolozhsky District of Leningrad Region, where the field base was situated, now acting as an observatory branch, was also renamed as Voeykovo. The observatory was headed by members of the academy including A. Y. Kupfer, the founder and director from 1849, K. S. Veselovsky, H. I. Wild, B. B. Golitsyn, L. M. Kamtz, and M. A. Rykachev, as well as N. N. Kalitin, S. I. Savinov, A. A. Fridman, and other scientists working at the institute. It has been publishing its Proceedings since 1934.

References: Рыкачев М. А. Исторический очерк Главной физической обсерватории за 50 лет ее деятельности, 1849-1899. СПб., 1899; Главная геофизическая обсерватория им. А. И. Воейкова. СПб., 1999.

O. N. Ansberg.

Fridman Alexander Alexandrovich
Golitsyn Boris Borisovich
Kalitin Nikolay Nikolaevich
Kamtz Ludwig Martynovich
Kupfer Adolf Yakovlevich
Rykachev Mikhail Alexandrovich
Savinov Sergey Ivanovich
Veselovsky Konstantin Stepanovich
Voeykov Alexander Ivanovich
Wild Heinrich Ivanovich

Karbysheva St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 7

Рыкачёв М. А. Исторический очерк Главной физической обсерватории за 50 лет ее деятельности, 1849-1899. СПб., 1899
Главная геофизическая обсерватория им. А. И. Воейкова. СПб., 1999


Fridman A.A. (1888-1925), physicist, mathematician

FRIDMAN Alexander Alexandrovich (1888, St. Petersburg - 1925, Leningrad), mathematician and physicist. Holder of a master's degree (1922). Graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of St. Petersburg University (1910)

Golitsyn Family

GOLITSYN, princely family, the Gediminovich Dinasty, important in the 16th century. Several members, including Prince M.M. Golitsyn, were closely associated with St. Petersburg. His son was Alexander Mikhailovich Golitsyn (1718-1783, St

Hydrometeorological Centre

HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL CENTRE, St. Petersburg, of the North Western Interregional Board of Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, situated at 2a Twenty-third Line of Vasilievsky Island

Hydrometeorological Monitoring

HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL MONITORING. Visual weather and Neva level monitoring conducted ever since St. Petersburg was founded as decreed by Peter the Great. Regular hydrometeorological monitoring started for the first time in Russia in 1722. F. C

Krylov A.N., (1863-1945), Mathematician, Naval Architect

KRYLOV Alexey Nikolaevich (1863-1945, Leningrad) was mathematician, naval architect, academician of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1916), of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1917), of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1925)

Museum of Meteorology

MUSEUM OF METEOROLOGY of Voeykov Central Physical Observatory (7 Karbyshev Street), goes back to the collection of equipment and tools, which emerged along with the foundation of the Central Physical Observatory (1848)

Rykachev M.A., (1840/41-1919), meteorologist

RYKACHEV Mikhail Alexandrovich (1840-1919, Petrograd), meteorologist, member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1896, a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1917), lieutenant general (1904)

VOEYKOV A.I., (1842-1916), climatologist, geographer

Voeykov Alexander Ivanovich (1842-1916), climatologist and geographer, founder of climatology in Russia, Corresponding Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1910)

Vyborgsky District

VYBORGSKY DISTRICT is an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg. (Its territory administration is located at 86 Bolshoy Sampsonievsky Avenue) The district was founded in 1917; and its present-day territorial borders were established in