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The subject index / St. Petrischule

St. Petrischule

Categories / Science. Education/Educational Institutions

ST. PETRISCHULE situated at 10 Bolshaya Konyushennaya Street, a German school attached to St. Peter's Lutheran Church, the oldest school in St. Petersburg founded c. 1710. Scientist and teacher A. F. Busching, the school director, reorganised it into the School of Languages, Sciences, and Arts in 1762. He introduced lessons in Russian, ancient and modern languages, natural sciences, mathematics, and geography, as well as drawing, music, and dancing, provided as an additional extra-curriculum activity at extra charge. The school received official status and special patronage of Empress Catherine II in 1764. It was renamed as the Principal German Public School in 1783 with about 25 % of the pupils Russian. The course of studies in 1765 was three years; in 1785, five years for boys and three years for girls; in 1818, seven and three years, respectively; and eight and five years in 1842. It became a gymnasium in 1858. An actuality department was opened for boys in the 1860s, later reorganised into a Real school, a school with special emphasis on mathematics and physics. There were 251 pupils in 1786, 495 in 1810, and 726 in 1852. In 1916, the secondary boys' school numbered 349 pupils, the Real school had 298 pupils, and the women's gymnasium had 596 pupils. The school had the largest library in St. Petersburg. Among teachers working at the school in various times were: the explorer of Siberia E. G. Laxmann, poets I. M. Born and V. V. Popugaev, Pushkin's lyceum teacher A. I. Galich, and physicist O. D. Khvolson. Among charges were architect C. I. Rossi, sculptor R. R. Bach, Decembrists M. A. Fonvizin, A. F. Briggen, and A. A. Kryukov, physicians K. A. Rauchfus and P. F. Lesgaft, historians G. V. Foster, and A. I. Mikhaylovsky-Danilevsky, and composer M. P. Mussorgsky. The school was reorganised into a united labour school with some classes held in German until 1928.

References: Смирнов В. В., Ульянов Н. П. Старейшая школа // ЛП. 1985. № 6. С. 34-36; Jahresbericht der Deutschen Hauptschule zu St. Petri. SPb., 1912.

Е. М. Balashov.

Abaza Alexander Aggeevich
Bach Robert Romanovich
Born Ivan Martynovich
Brigen Alexander Fedorovich, von der
Busching A.F.
Catherine II, Empress
Fonvizin Mikhail Alexandrovich
Forster G.V.
Galich Alexander Ivanovich
Khvolson Orest Danilovich
Kryukov Alexander Alexandrovich
Laxmann Erik (Kirill) Gustavovich
Lesgaft Peter Franzevich
Mikhaylovsky-Danilevsky Alexey Ivanovich
Mussorgsky Modest Petrovich
Popugaev Vasily Vasilievich
Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich
Rauchfus Karl Andreevich
Rossi Carl Ivanovich (Carlo Giovanni)

Bolshaya Konyushennaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 10

Jahresbericht der Deutschen Hauptschule zu St. Petri. SPb., 1912
Смирнов В. В., Ульянов Н. П. Старейшая школа // Ленингр. панорама, 1985

The subject Index
St. Peter’s Lutheran Church


Concert Halls (entry)

CONCERT HALLS appeared in St. Petersburg in the late 18th century. Earlier, musicians arranged paid concerts in palaces of grandees, theatres, and taverns. The first documented series of public concerts refers to the concerts given by G

Confessions, Non-Orthodox (entry)

NON ORTHODOX CONFESSIONS, Christian non-Orthodox churches. From the beginning of the 18th century, St. Petersburg was the centre of foreign confessions in Russia. The most numerous community were the Roman Catholics


DECEMBRISTS, members of secret societies, mainly, Guard officers and Masonic lodge members, who excited a rebellion against autocracy and serfdom in December 1825 (hence the name). Many of the future Decembrists were born in St


GERMANS, an ethnic community forming a part of the St. Petersburg population. German language is related to the Germanic group of Indo-European languages. Their religion is Lutheran (amongst the St. Petersburg population up to 90%) and Catholic

Libraries (entry)

LIBRARIES. The first library of St. Petersburg was founded in 1714 by the decree of Tsar Peter the Great as His Majesty’s Library; later on, it formed the basis of the Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Malaya Konyushennaya Street

MALAYA KONYUSHENNAYA STREET (in the 18th century Rozhdestvenskaya Street, in 1918-91 Sofia Perovskaya Street), located between Nevsky Prospect and Shvedsky Lane, laid out in the 1760s as a passageway to the Court Stables (hence the name)

Messmacher M. E. (1842-1906), architect

MESSMACHER Maximilian Egorovich (1842, St. Petersburg 1906), architect, associate academy member of architecture (1872). Graduated from Peterschule, the School of Painting of the St. Petersburg Society of Artists, in 1867 - the Academy of Fine Arts

Mussorgsky М.P., (1839-1881), composer

MUSSORGSKY Modest Petrovich (1839-1881, St. Petersburg), composer. Lived in St. Petersburg from 1849, he studied at St. Petrischule and the Guards and Cavalry Cadets College in 1852-56, situated at the present-day 54 Lermontovsky Avenue

Rossi C.I. (1775-1849), architect

ROSSI Carl Ivanovich (Carlo Giovanni) (1775-1849, St. Petersburg), architect. The son of the court ballerina G. Lepik. Graduated from the Peterschule in St. Petersburg, apprenticed architecture with V

St. Peter’s Lutheran Church

ST. PETER’S LUTHERAN CHURCH, located at 22-24 Nevsky Prospect. An architectural monument. Constructed in 1833-38 to the plans of architect A. P. Bryullov in place of a stone church of the same name built in 1728-З0 by C. A. Minich

Voluntary University, 1862

VOLUNTARY UNIVERSITY is the name for a series of lectures given in January-March 1862 at the City Duma and Peterschule. The courses were opened on chargeable basis after the closure of St