Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
The subject index / Nikolaevsky Palace (Palace of Labour)

Nikolaevsky Palace (Palace of Labour)

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Palaces

NIKOLAEVSKY PALACE (4 Truda Square), an architectural monument of Eclecticism. It was constructed in 1853-1861 (architect A.I. Stakensсhneider) for Grand Prince Nikolay Nikolaevich (the Elder). The massive three-storey building stands in the depth of a park that is enclosed by a cast-iron grille. The facades are accomplished with three tiers of pilasters and decorative details. The original decor of the entrance hall, double-flighted staircase and several gala halls have been preserved. The ensemble of Nikolaevsky Palace comprises a manege and service buildings. In 1863, the palace's Church of Our Lady the Joy of All Who Sorrow, painted by artist L. Tirsch, was consecrated. In 1873-74, in the church a lower side-altar was constructed - a replica of the Ossuary of the Holy Sepulchre (architect F.S. Kharlamov). In the second half of the 1880s, the apartments of Grand Prince's children were reconstructed and refurbished. In 1894, Nikolayevsky Palace was bought by the treasury and changed to the Women’s Institute of Grand Princess Xenia Alexandrovna (architects I. A. Stefanits, R.A. Gedike). In 1917, the edifice was allocated to Petrograd Soviet of Trade Unions and was renamed the Palace of Labour. The Regional Soviet and a number of branch trade unions were located there, later they were accompanied by the Higher School for Professional Development, which required the reconstruction of the interiors. Nowadays, a part of the Nikolaevsky Palace premises is used for commercial purposes. In 1999, church services were renewed; it is currently under restoration.

References: Столпянский П. Н. Старый Петербург: Дворец труда: Ист. очерк. СПб., 1923; Белякова З. И. Николаевский дворец. СПб., 1997.

V. V. Antonov.

Gedike Robert Andreevich
Kharlamov Fedor Semenovich
Nikolay Nikolaevich (Sr.), Grand Prince
Stakensсhneider Andrey Ivanovich
Stefanits Ivan Alexandrovich
Tirsch Ludwig
Xenia Alexandrovna, Grand Princess

Truda Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4

Белякова З. И. Николаевский дворец. СПб., 1997
Столпянский П. Н. Старый Петербург: Дворец Труда: Ист. очерк. СПб., 1923


Admiralteisky District

ADMIRALTEISKY DISTRICT, (Admiralty) an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg (Its territory administration is located at 10 Izmailovsky Avenue), is one of the central districts of the city

Grand Princes' Palaces and Mansions (entry)

GRAND PRINCES' PALACES AND MANSIONS, St. Petersburg buildings, specially built or acquired for members of the Imperial family - children and grandchildren of the Emperor (except for the eldest son, the successor to a throne

Grilles (entry)

GRILLES. St. Petersburg boasts a number of unique metal grilles, created in the course of three centuries. Wrought grilles of bars with (sometimes gilded) decorative figures made from flat iron bars (the grille of the Ekaterininsky (Catherine)

Historical style (Eclecticism)

HISTORICAL STYLE (Eclecticism), architectural style of the 1830s-90s. The sense of Eclecticism is the free choice or the amalgamation of methods and motifs of a variety of historical styles, associatively expressing the purpose of buildings

Konnogvardeysky Boulevard

KONNOGVARDEYSKY BOULEVARD (in 1918-91, Profsoyuzov Boulevard), located between Dekabristov Square, St. Isaac's Square and Truda Square. The Admiralty Canal was excavated along Konnogvardeysky Boulevard in the early 18th century for transporting wood

Natural stone

NATURAL STONE. Since the early 18th century, Putilovo slab limestone has been used in construction (quarried by Putilovskaya Mountain near the mouth of the Volkhov River)

Stakensсhneider А.I. (1802-1865), architect

STAKENSCHNEIDER Andrey Ivanovich (1802-1865), architect and graphic artist (draughtsman), full privy counsellor (1858). Graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts (1821); from 1834, associate academy member, honorary member of the Academy of Fine Arts

Truda Square

TRUDA SQUARE, known as Blagoveshchenskaya Street from the 1830s to the 1880s, then called Blagoveshchenskaya Square until 1918. The square is surrounded by Angliiskaya Embankment, Konnogvardeysky Boulevard