Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
Entries / Stakensсhneider А.I. (1802-1865), architect

Stakensсhneider А.I. (1802-1865), architect

Categories / Architecture/Personalia

STAKENSCHNEIDER Andrey Ivanovich (1802-1865), architect and graphic artist (draughtsman), full privy counsellor (1858). Graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts (1821); from 1834, associate academy member, honorary member of the Academy of Fine Arts, where he also held a lecturing position (becoming a professor in 1844). In 1825, was appointed architect-draughtsman of the Commission for the Construction of St. Isaac's Cathedral. From 1854, architect of Grand Prince Mikhail Pavlovich’s Office; from 1856, was designated architect of the Imperial Court, master of Eclecticism (employing Baroque and Renaissance forms). Following Stakenschneider's projects, the following buildings were erected in St. Petersburg: Mariinsky Palace, Nikolaevsky Palace, Novo-Mikhailovsky Palace (1857-61, 18 Dvortsovaya Embankment; belonged to Grand Prince Mikhail Nikolaevich), whose facade, facing the Neva River Embankment, features a splendid decoration with interwoven elements of Renaissance and Baroque, with the use of columns, pilasters, sculpture (among the palace interiors worth mention is the lobby, entrance staircase, banquet and dance halls; at present the palace accommodates the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Oriental Studies and the Institute of Electrophysics). The house of Countess Zubova with the plot at 6 Millionnaya Street was purchased for the servicing the palace. Stakensсhneider also erected the palace of the Beloselsky-Belozerskys, along with a number of residential houses and mansions on private commissions; also designed the interiors of Dolgorukov's summer residence (1830s - early 1840s), Little and Old Hermitage (1850s - early 1860s; see Hermitage buildings). In Peterhof Stakensсhneider built: Nikolsky Hut, Tsarina's and Olga's pavilions in the Lake Park, the Rose Pavilion, the Marble Ruin in the Meadow Park, Tsarina Alexandra's church and Belvedere on the Babigonsky heights. In the Lower park Stakensсhneider created the Lion's Cascade (1853-57) imitating a Greek peristyle with a nymph sculpture; he rebuilt the Voronikhin's colonnades, in Alexandria, the Fermersky Palace and the Cottage. He is the author of the mansion palaces in his own summer residence and in the village of Sergievka, A. Geyrot's house in Peterhof. Stakensсhneider lived in the house of St. Peter's Lutheran Church on Nevsky Prospect; in 1852, he bought a house at 10 Millionnaya Street, completely rebuilding it to his own vision. From 1854, the Stakensсhneiders’ hosted so called Saturdays (cultural assemblies), becoming one of the centres of St. Petersburg's cultural life; attended by a number of prominent figures: I.S. Turgenev, I.A. Goncharov, F.M. Dostoevsky, P.L. Lavrov, G.A. Bosse, A.P. Bryullov and many others. Buried at the Troitse-Serghieva Hermitage.

References: Штакеншнейдер Е. А. Дневник и записки (1854-1886). М.; Л., 1934; Остроумова М. Два барокко // Декор. искусство СССР. 1971. № 12. С. 26-29; Петрова Т. А. Андрей Штакеншнейдер. Л., 1978.

O. A. Chekanova.

Beloselsky-Belozersky Alexander Mikhailovich, Duke
Dolgorukov Alexey Grigorievich, Duke
Geyrot Alexander Fedorovich
Mikhail Nikolaevich, Grand Prince
Mikhail Pavlovich, Grand Prince
Stakensсhneider Andrey Ivanovich

Dvortsovaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 18
Millionnaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 10
Millionnaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 6
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city

Штакеншнейдер Е. А. Дневник и записки (1854-1886). М.; Л., 1934
Петрова Т. А. Андрей Штакеншнейдер. Л., 1978
Остроумова М. Два барокко // Декор. искусство СССР, 1971

The subject Index
Academy of Arts
Academy of Arts
St. Isaac's Cathedral
Historical style (Eclecticism)
Mariinsky Palace
Nikolaevsky Palace (Palace of Labour)
Beloselsky-Belozersky Palace
Hermitage Buildings (entry)
Holy Trinity & St. Sergius Hermitage