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Entries / Voroshilov K.E. (1881-1969), statesman, marshal

Voroshilov K.E. (1881-1969), statesman, marshal

Categories / Army. Navy/Personalia

VOROSHILOV Kliment Efremovich (1881-1969), Soviet statesman and military officer, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1935), Hero of the Soviet Union (1956, 1968), Hero of Socialist Labour (1960). From 1903, a member of the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party. First visited St. Petersburg in 1906 on the way to Stockholm to the Fourth Party Congress. In September-October 1908 he was incarcerated in Kresty Prison. From 1915 he worked in Petrograd enterprises, participated in the February Revolution of 1917, was a delegate of the Petrograd Soviet. In November 1917 - January 1918 appointed Petrograd Commissar for Civil Affairs; Chairman of the Committee of Petrograd Defence. In 1919-21, member of the Revolutionary Military Soviet of the First Cavalry Division. In 1921 was among the delegates of the 10th Congress of the Russian Communist Party who suppressed the anti-bolshevik insurrection in Kronstadt. In 1925-34, Peoples' Commissar on Military and Navy Affairs, chairman of the Revolutionary Military Soviet of the USSR; in 1934-40, Peoples' Commissar for Defence. Politically associated with Joseph Stalin, was one of the main organisers of the repressions in the Revolutionary Committee of the Russian Army. In July-August of 1941, Commander-in-Chief of the north-west armies, in September of 1941 commanded the troops of the Leningrad Front, displaying complete incompetence in warfare, failed to prevent the encirclement of Leningrad and was replaced by G.K. Zhukov. In February-March of 1942, representative of the State Defence Committee at the Headquarters of the Volkhov Front, one of those responsible for the failure of the Lubansk campaign and disastrous defeat of the Second Strike Army. In January of 1943, together with Zhukov, co-ordinated the operations of the Leningrad and Volkhov fronts in breaking the blockade. After the war performed state and party functions; in 1953-60s was Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR; dismissed from office as a result of a conflict with N.S. Khruschev. In 1975 a new street in Nevsky District was named after Voroshilov.

A. Y. Chistyakov

Khrushchev Nikita Sergeevich
Stalin (real name Dzhugashvili) Iosif Vissarionovich
Voroshilov Kliment Efremovich
Zhukov Georgy Konstantinovich

Voroshilova St./Saint Petersburg, city

Акшинский В. С. Климент Ефремович Ворошилов: Биогр. очерк. 3-е изд., доп. М., 1979

The subject Index
Kresty Prison.
February Revolution of 1917
Kronstadt Rebellion of 1921
Leningrad Front
Volkhov Front
Breaking of the Siege (1943)