Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
Entries / Razumovsky Family

Razumovsky Family

Categories / Capital/Personalia

RAZUMOVSKY FAMILY, nobles and counts (from 1744) of Malorussian origin, known from the second half of the 17th century, rising to fame in the mid-18th century. Alexey Grigorievich Razumovsky (1709-71, St. Petersburg) was a Count (1744), as well as a Court favourite and, legend has it, Empress Elizaveta Petrovna's secret husband (from 1742); he was also General Field Marshal (1756) and Lieutenant Colonel of the Cavalry Guards (1748), retiring in 1762. He was buried at the Holy Annunciation Burial Vault of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra. His brother, Kirill Grigorievich Razumovsky (1728-1803) was a Count (1744) and General Field Marshal (1750). He studied in Konigsberg, Berlin, Gottingen and Strasbourg Universities. He was also President of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1746-98) and a Senator (1762). A Palace was built by his order (48 Moika River Embankment, see The Razumovsky Palace). His sons included Count Alexey Kirillovich Razumovsky (1748, St. Petersburg - 1822), a statesman, Actual Privy Counsellor (1807), Minister of Public Education (1810-16), Member of the State Assembly (from 1810), and Vice President of the Biblical Society (1810s); Count Peter Kirillovich Razumovsky (1751-1823), Privy Counsellor (1796), and Chief Chamberlain (1814), who owned Krestovsky Island, and the building at 45 Bolshaya Morskaya Street (1780-96; today House of Composers). He was buried in the Necropolis of the 18th Century. Count Grigory Kirillovich Razumovsky (1759-1837), mineralogist, Honorary Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1790), a member of the St. Petersburg Mineralogical Society, and discoverer of the mineral Razoumowskin.

References: Васильчиков А. А. Семейство Разумовских: В 5 т. СПб., 1880-1894; Манькова Л. В. Восемнадцатилетний президент // Вестн. РАН. 1998. №6. С. 488-492; Русева Л. Нелицемерные друзья // Смена. 1998. №3. С. 48-63.

M. O. Meltsin.

Elizaveta Petrovna, Empress
Razumovsky Alexey Grigorievich, Count
Razumovsky Alexey Kirillovich, Count
Razumovsky Grigory Kirillovich, Count
Razumovsky Kirill Grigorievich, Count
Razumovsky Peter Kirillovich, Count
the Razumovskys

Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 45
Moika River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 48

Васильчиков А. А. Семейство Разумовских: В 5 т. СПб., 1880-1894
Манькова Л.В. Восемнадцатилетний президент // Вестн. РАН, 1998
Русева Л. Нелицемерные друзья // Смена, 1998

The subject Index
Blagoveschenskaya (Holy Annunciation) Burial Vault
Russian Academy of Sciences
Razumovsky Palace
State Assembly
Biblical Society
Necropolis of the18th Century
Mineralogical Society