Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
Entries / Mariinsky Palace

Mariinsky Palace

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Palaces

MARIINSKY PALACE (6 St. Isaac's Square), an architectural monument of late Neoclassicism. It was constructed in 1839-1844 (architect A.I. Stakensсhneider) on the left bank of the Moika River, close to the Siny Bridge, for the daughter of Emperor Nicholas I - Grand Princess Maria Nikolaevna (1819-1876; married name Duchess von Leuchtenberg). The first floor of the main facade is finished with a dummy joint, the second and the third floors are united with Corinthian columns and pilasters. The central corbel is adorned with a high attic; the sides are with three-angled pediments. The doorway is decorated with an open arcade supporting the balcony. Halls enfilade is located along the central axis and opens with the reception hall, leading to two-tired rotunda with 32 columns, covered with a light cupola; the next are the Square hall and the Winter garden (in 1906-1907 it was rebuilt as an assembly-room of the State Council, architect L.N. Benois, M.M. Peretyatkovich). The interiors of the Mariinsky Palace were created by sculptor D. Jensen, artists A. Vigi, I. Drollinger and others, the home church was decorated to Count G.G. Gagarin's design. In the 18th century on this very place the Palace of Count I.G. Chernyshev (1762-1768, architect J. B. Vallin de la Mothe) stood; then the building was owned by Prince Conde and others. In 1825-1839, it accommodated the School of Guards Ensigns and Cavalry Cadets, where in 1832-1834 M. Y. Lermontov studied. In 1884, the Mariinsky Palace was bought by the government and accommodated the State Council, State chancellery, the Cabinet (later Council of Ministers). On 7 May 1901, the meeting in honour of centenary of State Council was held in the rotunda of the Mariinsky Palace, this occasion was depicted on I. E. Repin's picture (now in the State Russian Museum). On 2 April 1902, in the entrance hall of the Mariinsky Palace the socialist-revolutionary S.V. Balmashev shot the Minister of International Affairs D.S. Sipyagin. In March - July of 1917, the Mariinsky Palace served as a residence for the Provisional Government, from October 1917, the Supreme National Economic Development Council functioned there. From the summer of 1918 in the Mariinsky Palace different Soviet establishments were quartered, in the 1930s the Leningrad Industrial Academy was located here. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, a hospital worked in the palace; the building suffered damage from artillery fire and air raids. In 1945, after restoration the Mariinsky Palace housed the Leningrad Soviet. In the 1960s-70s a comprehensive reconstruction of the interiors was carried out. The Mariinsky Palace is now the seat of the St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly.

References: Белякова З. И. Мариинский дворец. СПб., 1996; Петров Г. Ф. Дворец у Синего моста: Мариинский дворец в С.-Петербурге. СПб., 2001.

S. V. Boglachev.

Balmashev Stepan Valerianovich
Benois Leonty Nikolaevich
Chernyshev Ivan Grigorievich, Count
Conde Lois Joseph de Bourbon, Prince
Drollinger Johann
Gagarin Grigory Grigorievich
Jensen David Ivanovich
Lermontov Mikhail Yurievich
Maria Nikolaevna, Grand Princess
Nicholas I, Emperor
Peretyatkovich Marian Marianovich
Repin Ilya Efimovich
Sipyagin Dmitry Sergeevich
Stakensсhneider Andrey Ivanovich
Vallin de la Mothe Jean Baptiste Michel
Vigi Antoniо

St.Isaac's Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 6

Белякова З. И. Мариинский дворец. СПб., 1996
Петров Г. Ф. Дворец у Синего моста: Мариинский дворец в С.-Петербурге. СПб., 2001

The subject Index
State Assembly
State Chancellery
Provisional Government of 1917
Legislative Assembly


Admiralteisky District

ADMIRALTEISKY DISTRICT, (Admiralty) an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg (Its territory administration is located at 10 Izmailovsky Avenue), is one of the central districts of the city

Benois L.N. (1856-1928), architect

Benois Leonty (Ludovik) Nikolaevich (1856, Peterhof -1928, Leningrad), architect, full State Advisor (1905), an honourable cultural figure (1927). The son of N. L. Benois, a brother of Albert N. Benois and А. N. Benois

City Administration (entry)

CITY ADMINISTRATION. The system of City Administration in St. Petersburg from the beginning of the 18th century developed in 2 directions - the city government and self-government (see City self-government). From 1703 the city was governed by A. D

Grand Princes' Palaces and Mansions (entry)

GRAND PRINCES' PALACES AND MANSIONS, St. Petersburg buildings, specially built or acquired for members of the Imperial family - children and grandchildren of the Emperor (except for the eldest son, the successor to a throne

Highest Organs of State Power (entry)

HIGHEST ORGANS OF STATE POWER. The first higher organ of state power to function in St. Petersburg was the Senate founded by Tsar Peter the Great in 1711. The Supreme Privy Council was founded under Empress Catherine I (1725-30)

Historical Societies (entry)

HISTORICAL SOCIETIES, associations of historians, including both professionals and amateurs, aimed at studying and developing various historical issues. Most historical societies received imperial support during the 19th and early 20th centuries

Historical style (Eclecticism)

HISTORICAL STYLE (Eclecticism), architectural style of the 1830s-90s. The sense of Eclecticism is the free choice or the amalgamation of methods and motifs of a variety of historical styles, associatively expressing the purpose of buildings

Jensen D.I., (1816-1902), sculptor

JENSEN David Ivanovich (1816, Denmark -1902, St. Petersburg), sculptor. Studied at the Royal Academy of Arts in Copenhagen under B. Thorvaldsen, moved to St. Petersburg in 1841. Taught at the Painting School of Arts Society (1843-47) with L.A

Kavelin A.A. governor-general in 1842-46

KAVELIN Alexander Alexandrovich (1793-1850, Gatchina), statesman and combat leader, infantry general (1843). He was educated in Page Corps School in St. Petersburg

Legislative Assembly

LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY (6 St. Isaac's Square), the top legislative organ of state power in St. Petersburg elected for 4 years. The Assembly is comprised of 50 deputies and is located in Mariinsky Palace

Leningrad Metallurgic Plant (LMP)

LENINGRAD METALLURGIC PLANT (LMP) (18 Sverdlovskaya Embankment), open joint-stock company, the largest pipe-building enterprise of the country. It was founded in 1857 by merchant S.N. Rasteryaev, St

Leningrad Soviet

LENINGRAD SOVIET (Leningrad City Soviet of People"s Deputies), the supreme authority on the terriory of Leningrad. It originated from Petrograd Soviet of working people and soldiers" deputies founded on February 27 (March 12 New Style)

Leuchtenberg Family

LEUCHTENBERG (v. Leuchtenberg), a ducal family in Russia, its founder was Duke M. Leuchtenberg. In 1852, the Leuchtenbergs were included in the Imperial Family under the title of Princes Romanovsky. Initially they were buried at the SS

Monighetti I.A. (1819-1878), architect

MONIGHETTI Ippolit Antonovich (1819-1878, St. Petersburg), architect, aquarellist, teacher, associate academy member (1847), professor (1858), court architect (1860)

October Revolution (October Armed Revolt) of 1917

OCTOBER REVOLUTION (OCTOBER ARMED REVOLT) of 1917, the name accepted in Soviet historical literature of the events in Petrograd of 24 -26 October (6 -8 November) 1917

Provisional Government of 1917

PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT was the highest state organ of power in Russia, from 2 (15) March until 25 October (7 November) 1917. It was formed after the February Revolution of 1917 by the Provisional Committee of the State Duma in accordance with

St. Isaac Square

St.ISAAC SQUARE (St. Isaac’s Square, in 1923-44, Vorovskogo Square), one of the central squares of St. Petersburg. Located between Admiralteisky Avenue and Mariinsky Palace

Stakensсhneider А.I. (1802-1865), architect

STAKENSCHNEIDER Andrey Ivanovich (1802-1865), architect and graphic artist (draughtsman), full privy counsellor (1858). Graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts (1821); from 1834, associate academy member, honorary member of the Academy of Fine Arts

State Assembly

STATE ASSEMBLY was the highest advisory (from 1906, legislative) body in the Russian Empire. It was established by a Decree on 30 March 1801, and transformed on 1 January 1810

State Chancellery

STATE CHANCELLERY, a State Assembly office, instituted on 1 January 1810 in accordance with state reforms conceived by M.M. Speransky, who became its first director

Voznesensky Avenue

VOZNESENSKY AVENUE, translated as Ascension Avenue, between Admiralteisky Avenue and Fontanka River Embankment. It was laid in the early 18th century. It runs towards the tower of the Main Admiralty and crosses St Isaac’s Square