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Entries / Moskovskaya Zastava

Moskovskaya Zastava

Categories / City Topography/Historical Geography/Historical Districts, Localities, Tracts, Municipal Establishments

MOSKOVSKAYA ZASTAVA, the historical name of the north part of present-day Moskovsky District. The name originates from the post that existed at the intersection of Moscow road and Ligovsky Canal. Up to the end of the 19th century, Moskovskaya Zastava remained a sparsely populated territory with rural settlements, in the late 19th - early 20th centuries, it was developed mainly with industrial enterprises (Simens-Schuckert Plant, Carriage-Building Plant, Plant of Skorokhod Association, etc.). On Zabalkansky Avenue (today Moskovsky Avenue) and adjoining streets, apartments houses and quarters for workers were constructed. After October 1917, industrial development of this land continued: former Simens-Schuckert was enlarged and turned into Elektrosila Facory, a diary factory replaced the former city slaughter-houses, Pishchevik Tinned Food Factory, Farmakon Plant and other enterprises were constructed. In 1926, Ligovsky Canal was filled in, to be replaced with a continuation of Ligovsky Avenue. In the 1930s, a number of public houses were built along Moskovsky Avenue: Ilyich Palace of Culture for Workers of Elektrosila, Kapranov House of Culture for Workers of Skorokhod (see the article Palaces and Houses of Culture), the building of Moskovsky District Soviet (see the article the House of Soviets) and Soyuzpushnina (1939). During the Siege of 1941-44, the region of Moskovskaya zastava was severely damaged by artillery and air-raids. In 1961, three metro stations Frunzenskaya, Moskovskie Vorota and Elektrosila were opened on the territory of Moskovskaya Zastava. The modern Moskovskaya Zastava remains an important industrial area, where over 30 industrial enterprises are located: Elektrosila, Vagonmash, Khlebny Dom, Oil and Lard Industrial Complex, a Cold Storage Facility № 1; numerous motor transport and construction and assembly enterprises. Residential houses, shopping and services facilities are concentrated along Moskovsky Avenue, the main thoroughfare of the district. The most well-known monuments of Moskovskaya Zastava are the Moskovskie Triumphal Arch and Novodevichy Convent with a historic necropolis (see Novodevichye Cemetery). Today, a municipal establishment of Moskovsky District bears the name of Moskovskaya Zastava.

Reference: Московская застава в 1917: Ст. и воспоминания. Л., 1959.

Е. А. Bondarchuk, P.Y. Yudin.

Kapranov Viktor Pavlovich
Simens Karl Fedorovich

Ligovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city
Московская застава

Московская застава в 1917: Ст. и воспоминания. Л., 1959

The subject Index
Skorokhod Factory
Elektrosila Plant
Farmakon Factory
Palaces and Houses of Culture (entry)
Houses of Soviets (entry)
Siege of 1941-44
Moscow Triumphal Arch
Novodevichye Cemetery
Novodevichye Cemetery