Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
The subject index / Novodevichye Cemetery

Novodevichye Cemetery

Categories / Architecture/Cemeteries (see also Municipal Economy)
Categories / City Services/Cemeteries (see also Architecture and Urban Planning)

NOVODEVICHYE CEMETERY (100 Moskovsky Avenue). Situated in the southern part of St. Petersburg. Founded in 1845, for the Novodevichy Convent; burials lasted from 1849 to the 1930s. Its area includes 10 hectares. In the 19th - early 20th, centuries it was one of the capital"s richest and most prestigious cemeteries (a grave plot cost from 50 to 500 roubles). Two burial vault churches were built at the Novodevichye Cemetery. The Our Lady’s Church of Joy for All Who Sorrow (1855-56, architect E.I. Zhiber) was also known as Karamzin"s Church, because A.N. Karamzin (1814-54), the son of N.M. Karamzin, was buried there. Lumberman I.F. Gromov was buried in Gromov"s Church of St. Elijah the Prophet (1882-83, architect L.N. Benois). Both churches were destroyed in 1929. In the 1930s, the ashes and tombstones of dignified cultural figures (artist A.A. Ivanov, composer N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov, singer F.I. Stravinsky, architect L.N. Benois) were transported from the Novodevichye Cemetery to the Museum Necropolis. Large-scale demolition of monuments took place in the 1960s under the pretense of the intention to set up a museum zone; this led to public indignation and the project was suspended. A partial renovation of the territory and the restoration of separate gravestones was done in the 1980s. Famous people buried in the Cemetery include physician S.P. Botkin; biologist A.O. Kovalevsky; publisher A.A. Kraevsky; poets F.I. Tyutchev, N.A. Nekrasov, A.N. Maykov, K.K. Sluchevsky, and K.M. Fofanov; artists A.Y. Golovin, M.A. Vrubel, and P.V. Basin; composer E.F. Napravnik; historians K.N. Bestuzhev-Ryumin, P.P. Pekarsky, and M.I. Semevsky; philologists A.N. Veselovsky, Y.K. Grot, A.F. Hilferding, and A.N. Pypin; admirals S.S. Lesovsky, G.I. Nevelsky, and N.O. Essen; and chess player M.I. Chigorin. Gravestones from the early 20th century made in the Art Nouveau and Neoclassical styles, and which are of artistic worth, include monuments to L. Gilze van der Pals (1904, architect V.Y. Iogansen), A.A. Vershinskaya (sculpture of Christ, the 1910s, sculptor P.I. Kufferle), actor K.A. Varlamov (1916, architect V.I. Dubenetsky) and others.

Reference: Дубин А. С. Новодевичье кладбище // Исторические кладбища Петербурга: Справ.-путеводитель. СПб., 1993. С. 376-401; Новодевичье кладбище/Сост.: Н. Л. Маркина, Н. В. Рогулина, Л. П. Савинская, О. А. Шмелева. СПб., 2003.

Y. M. Piryutko.

Basin Peter Vasilievich
Benois Leonty Nikolaevich
Bestuzhev-Ryumin Konstantin Nikolaevich
Botkin Sergey Petrovich
Chigorin Mikhail Ivanovich
Dubenetsky Vladimir Iosifovich (Dubenetskis Vladimiras)
Essen Nikolay Ottovich
Fofanov Konstantin Mikhailovich
Gibert Ernest Ivanovich
Gilse van der Pals Lucia
Golovin Alexander Yakovlevich
Gromov Ilya Fedulovich
Grot Yakov Karlovich
Hilferding Franz Anton Christoph
Iogansen William (Ernest) Yulievich
Ivanov Alexander Andreevich
Karamzin Andrey Nikolaevich
Kovalevsky Alexander Onufrievich
Kraevsky Andrey Alexandrovich
Kufferle Peter I.
Lesovsky Stepan Stepanovich
Maykov Apollon Nikolaevich
Napravnik Eduard Frantsevich
Nekrasov Nikolay Alexeevich
Nevelskoy (Nevelsky) Gennady Ivanovich
Pypin Alexander Nikolaevich
Rimsky-Korsakov Nikolay Andreevich
Semevsky Mikhail Ivanovich
Sluchevsky Konstantin Konstantinovich
Stravinsky Fedor Ignatievich
Tyutchev Fedor Ivanovich
Varlamov Konstantin Alexandrovich
Vershinina Anna Akimovna
Veselovsky Alexander Nikolaevich
Vrubel Mikhail Alexandrovich

Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 100

Дубин А. С. Новодевичье кладбище // Исторические кладбища Петербурга: Справ.-путеводитель. СПб., 1993

The subject Index
Novodevichy Convent
Art Nouveau



15 July. The great Russian poet Fedor Ivanovich Tyutchev died in Ivanova's house in Malaya Street. He was burried in the cemetery of the Novodevichi Convent in Saint Petersburg
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

Baranov N.M., Chief of City Administration 1881

BARANOV Nikolay Mikhailovich (1837-1901), statesman, Lieutenant General (1893). Baranov graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps in St. Petersburg (1856). From 1856, he served in the Navy, in 1866-77, he headed the Naval Museum

Belelyubsky N.A., (1845-1922), bridge builder

BELELYUBSKY Nikolay Apollonovich (1845-1922, Leningrad), engineer, scholar in the field of structural mechanics and bridge building. Graduated from the Petersburg Institute for Railway Engineers in 1867, Professor at the Institute from 1873

Botkin S. P., (1832-1889), doctor

BOTKIN Sergey Petrovich (1832-1889), doctor, public figure, Doctor of Medicine (1860), Secret Councillor (1877). He graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of Moscow University (1855)

Cemeteries (entry)

CEMETERIES. Even before the foundation of St. Petersburg there were several necropolises on the location of the future city: the records of the beginning of the 18th century indicate a Finnish-Swedish cemetery at Elagin (Aptekarsky) Island

Chigorin M.I., (1850-1908), chess-player

CHIGORIN MIKHAIL IVANOVICH (1850, Gatchina - 1908), the founder of the Russian chess school. In 1859-68 was brought up in Gatchina Orphan Boarding School of Emperor Nicholas I (today, 25 Oktyabrya avenue, No. 2; memorial plaque)


DECEMBRISTS, members of secret societies, mainly, Guard officers and Masonic lodge members, who excited a rebellion against autocracy and serfdom in December 1825 (hence the name). Many of the future Decembrists were born in St

Efimov N.E. (1799-1851), architect.

EFIMOV Nikolay Efimovich (1799-1851, St. Petersburg), architect, urban planner. From 1806 to 1821, he studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts; was later involved in studying traditional Russian architecture. In 1827-40, he lived in Italy

Essen N.O. (1860-1915), Admiral

ESSEN Nikolay Ottovich (1860-1915) Admiral (1913). Graduated with honours from the Naval Cadet School (1880) and completed the admiralty course of the Nikolaevskaya Naval Academy (1891)

Fofanov K.M. (1862-1911), poet

FOFANOV Konstantin Mikhailovich (1862, St. Petersburg - 1911, at the same place), poet. He had little formal education. After leaving home in 1885, he wandered a lot and lived in poverty all his life. He appeared in various (mostly St

Golovin А.Y. (1863-1930), artist

GOLOVIN Alexander Yakovlevich (1863-1930, Detskoe Selo), stage designer and painter, full member of the Academy of Arts (1912), people's artist of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1928)

Grot Y.K., (1812-1893), linguist

GROT Yakov Karlovich (1812 - 1893, St. Petersburg), philologist, historian, Full Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1855). Graduated from the Tsarskoselsky Lyceum in 1832. Professor at the Alexandrovsky Lyceum (1853-62)

Kleigels N.V., chief of the city administration in 1895-1904

KLEIGELS Nikolay Vasilievich (1850, St. Petersburg - 1916, at the same place), statesman, cavalry general (1910). He graduated from Pavlovsky Cadet Corps School and Nikolaevskoe Cavalry School in St. Petersburg (1868)

Konovalov D.P., (1956-1929), chemist

KONOVALOV Dmitry Petrovich (1856-1929, Leningrad), chemist, Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1923) and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1925). Graduated from the St. Petersburg Mining Institute in 1878

Kosyakov Vas. A., Kosyakov Vl. A., Kosyakov G.A., architects

KOSYAKOV family, architects, brothers, masters of Neo-Russian and Neoclassical styles. Vasily Antonovich Kosyakov (1862, St. Petersburg - 1921, Petrograd), graduated from the Civil Engineers' Institute (1885); from 1900

Kraevsky А.А. (1810-1889), publisher

KRAEVSKY Andrey Alexandrovich (1810-1889, Pavlovsk, of the St. Petersburg province), publisher, journalist, public figure. He graduated from the Department of Philosophy of Moscow University (1828), and in 1831 settled in St. Petersburg

Kravkov N.P., (1865-1924), pharmacologist

KRAVKOV Nikolay Pavlovich (1865-1924, Petrograd), one of the founders of Soviet pharmacology, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1920. He graduated from St. Petersburg University in 1888 and the Army Medical Academy in 1892

Maykov A.N. (1821-1897), poet

MAYKOV Apollon Nikolaevich (1821 - 1897, St. Petersburg), poet, prose writer, corresponding member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1853), privy counsellor (1888). Lived in St. Petersburg from 1833

Moskovskaya Zastava

MOSKOVSKAYA ZASTAVA, the historical name of the north part of present-day Moskovsky District. The name originates from the post that existed at the intersection of Moscow road and Ligovsky Canal

Moskovsky Avenue

MOSKOVSKY AVENUE (in 1918-50 - Mezhdunarodny Avenue, in 1950-56 - Stalina Avenue, after I.V. Stalin), from Sennaya Square to Pobedy Square, one of the main thoroughfares of St

Napravnik E.F., (1839-1916), composer

NAPRAVNIK Eduard Frantsevich (1839-1916, Petrograd), conductor, composer, and musician. Originally from the Czech Republic, he studied at an organ school and under I. F. Kittl, the director of the conservatory, in Prague. He lived in St

Nechaev A. A., (1845-1922), physician

NECHAEV Alexander Afanasievich (1845-1922, Petersburg), physician and health care organiser, Doctor of Medicine (1882), Honoured Professor (1920). He graduated from the Medical Surgical Academy (1870)

Nekrasov N. A. (1821-1877), poet

NEKRASOV Nikolay Alexeevich (1821-1877, St. Petersburg), poet, prose writer. In 1838 came to St. Petersburg to enroll at the University (in 1839-40 audited classes as an irregular student), in contrary to his father's will

Novodevichy Convent

NOVODEVICHY CONVENT OF HOLY RESURRECTION, located at 100 Moskovsky Avenue. An architectural monument. It was established in 1845 by order of Emperor Nicholas I, who decided to recreate the abolished Smolny Convent on a new location

Ott D. O., (1855-1929), obstetrician, gynaecologist

OTT Dmitry Oskarovich (1855-1929, Leningrad), obstetrician, gynaecologist, Doctor of Medicine (1884), court medic (1895). Ott graduated from the Medical Surgical Academy in 1879

Pypin A.N., (1833-1904), literary historian

PYPIN Alexander Nikolaevich (1833-1904), specialist in study of literature, ethnographer, member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1898). He was a cousin of N.G. Chernyshevsky

Rimsky-Korsakov N.A., (1844-1908), composer

RIMSKY-KORSAKOV Nikolay Andreevich (1844-1908, Lyubensk summer residence near Luga in the St. Petersburg Region), composer, pedagogue, director, musical public figure

Samoylov P.V., (1866-1931), actor

SAMOYLOV Pavel Vasilievich (1866, St. Petersburg - 1931, Leningrad), actor, Honoured Artist of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1923). Son of V.V. Samoylov. Graduated from the Petersburg School of Commerce (1886)

Samoylov V.V., (1813-1887), actor

SAMOYLOV Vasily Vasilievich (1813, St. Petersburg - 1887, ibidem), actor. Brother of V.V. Samoylov, father of P.V. Samoylov. Graduated from the Mining Cadet Corps (1829) and the Institute of Forestry (1832)

Sluchevsky K.K. (1837-1904), poet

Sluchevsky Konstantin Konstantinovich (1837, St. Petersburg - 1904) poet, staff master. Graduated from the First Cadet Corps in St. Petersburg (1855); he served in the Semenovsky Lifeguard Regiment, resigned in 1860

Sobko N.P. (1851-1906), art historian

SOBKO Nikolay Petrovich (1851, Tsarskoe Selo - 1906, St. Petersburg), art historian and bibliographer. He was educated at home. From 1871 to 1884, he worked at the Imperial Public Library

Somov A.I., (1830-1909), art historian

SOMOV Andrey Ivanovich (1830, St. Petersburg - 1909, ibid.), art historian, museum worker and collector. He graduated from Larin's gymnasia in St. Petersburg and the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of St. Petersburg University (1854)

Sosnitsky I.I., (1794-1871), actor

SOSNITSKY Ivan Ivanovich (1794 - 1871, St. Petersburg), actor. Graduated from the Petersburg Drama School (1811). Studied drama under I.A. Dmitrevsky, and ballet under Ch. Didelot

Strakhov N. N. (1828-1896), critic

STRAKHOV Nikolay Nikolaevich (1828-1896, St. Petersburg), literary critic, philosopher, publicist, full councilor of State (1885), corresponding member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1889). Lived in St

Stravinsky F.I., (1843-1902), singer

STRAVINSKY Fedor Ignatievich (1843-1902, St. Petersburg), opera singer (bass). Father of I.F. Stravinsky. In 1869-73 he studied at the Petersburg Conservatory under P. Repeto, E. Viardo, G. Nissen-Saloman, and C. Everardi

Tsylov N.I. (1799 or 1801-1879), Cartographer

TSYLOV Nikolay Ivanovich (1799, Peterhof - 1879, St. Petersburg) cartographer and topographer, Major-General (1860). Tsylov graduated from the First Cadets Corps in St. Petersburg in 1817. Served in the Caucasus in 1817-20

Tyutchev F.I. (1803-1873), poet

TYUTCHEV Fedor Ivanovich (1803-1873, Tsarskoe Selo), poet and diplomat. He graduated from the Philological Faculty of Moscow University in 1821. In 1822 he went to St

Varlamov K.A., (1848-1915), actor

VARLAMOV Konstantin Alexandrovich (1848, St. Petersburg - 1915, Petrograd), actor, son of composer A.E. Varlamov. Educated at home. Took part in amateur performances. Began working on the professional stage in 1867, at the theatre of A.M

Veselovsky A.N., (1838-1906), literature historian

VESELOVSKY Alexander Nikolaevich (1838-1906, St. Petersburg), literature historian, Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1880). Graduated from the Faculty of History and Philology of Moscow University (1858)

Voronin M. S. (1838-1903), public figure, entrepreneur

VORONIN Mikhail Stepanovich (1838, St. Petersburg 1903, St. Petersburg), botanist, public figure, entrepreneur, patron of arts, member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1898). He graduated from St

Vrubel М.А., (1856-1910), painter

VRUBEL Mikhail Alexandrovich (1856-1910, St. Petersburg), painter. From childhood lived in St. Petersburg with his family. He visited the Drawing School of the Society for Encouragement of Arts in 1864 and 1868-69