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The subject index / Poets Guild

Poets Guild

Categories / Literature. Book Publishing/Salons, Circles, Creative Associations and Unions

POETS GUILD is the name for three poetic unions which existed in St. Petersburg (Petrograd) in 1911-22. The first Poets Guild (1911-14) founded by N. S. Gumilev and S. M. Gorodetsky as a literary opposition to symbolism prepared the emergence of acmeism. The first meeting was held on 20 October 1911 at the flat of Gorodetsky (143 Fontanka Embankment), A. A. Blok was among those present. Besides the founders, the guild attracted A. A. Akhmatova (who became the guild's secretary), O. E. Mandelstam, M. A. Zenkevich, V. I. Narbut (they all approved of the development of acmeism in 1912), D. V. Kuzmin-Karavaev and E. Yu. Kuzmina-Karavaeva, M. L. Lozinsky, Vas. V. Gippius, M. L. Moravskaya, - M. A. Kuzmin, Vl. Pyast, A. N. Tolstoy amongst others. Meetings were hosted by Gumilev and Akhmatova (Tsarskoe Selo, 63 Malaya Street; not preserved, today section of house 57), Lozinsky (2 Volkhovskoy Lane), the Kuzmins-Karavaevs (12 Manezhny Lane), N. A. Bruni (building of the Academy of Arts, flat 5), by the editorial office of the journal Apollon (24 Moika Embankment). Poetic anthologies of the participants were published under the aegis of the Poets Guild, among them the Evening by Akhmatova (1912); poems and articles by members of the Poets Guild were published in the journals Giperborey and Apollon journal). In 1916-17, the second Poets Guild functioned in Petrograd under the supervision of G. V. Ivanov and G. V. Adamovich. It was there that the third Poets Guild was established in 1920, Adamovich was in charge of it after the death of Gumilev. The last Poets Guild published four anthologies; the first one published The Dragon which was republished in 1923 in Berlin under the name Poets Guild. Besides these ones, poetic circles with the same name existed in Tbilisi (1918-19), Baku (1920), Moscow (1924-25), and also they existed in Berlin and Paris after the emigration of participants of the third Poets Guild. According to the words by Akhmatova, all the workshops with the exception of the first one did not have any meaning for the history of acmeism.

References: Тименчик Р. Д. Заметки об акмеизме // Russ. Lit. 1974. №7/8. Р. 23-46; Лекманов О. А. Книга об акмеизме и другие работы. Томск, 2000. С. 17-44; Бунатян Г. Г., Чарная М. Г. Петербург Серебряного века: Дома, события, люди. СПб., 2002. С. 170-179.

T. M. Dvinyatina.

Adamovich Georgy Viktorovich
Akhmatova Anna Andreevna
Blok G.P.
Bruni Nikolay Alexandrovich
Gippius Vasily Vasilievich
Gorodetsky Sergey Mitrofanovich
Gumilev Nikolay Stepanovich
Ivanov Georgy Vladimirovich
Kuzmin Mikhail Alexeevich
Kuzmin-Karavaev Dmitry Vladimirovich
Kuzmina-Karavaeva Elizaveta Yuryevna (nee Pilipenko)
Lozinsky Mikhail Leonidovich
Mandelstam Osip Emilievich
Moravskaya Maria Ludvigovna
Narbut Vladislav Ivanovich
Pyast Vladimir Alexeevich
Tolstoy Alexey Nikolaevich
Zenkevich Mikhail Alexandrovich

Fontanka River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 143
Malaya Street/Pushkin, town, house 57
Manezhny Lane/Saint Petersburg, city, house 12
Moika River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 24
Volkhovsky Lane/Saint Petersburg, city, house 2

Тименчик Р. Д. Заметки об акмеизме [I.] // Russ. Lit., 1974
Лекманов О. А. Книга об акмеизме и другие работы. Томск, 2000
Бунатян Г. Г., Чарная М. Г. Петербург Серебряного века: Дома, события, люди. СПб., 2002

The subject Index
Apollon (Apollo), journal
Giperborey (Hyperborean), publishing house and journal, 1914-18



11 January. The memorial plaque with the inscription "The Emperor Lyceum Was Placed in This Building from 1811 untill 1843" was opened on the building of the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum by the 100th anniversary of its founding
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

Akhmatova A.A. (1889-1966), poet

AKHMATOVA Anna Andreevna (nee Gorenko) (1889-1966), poet, Honorary Doctor of Oxford University (1965). She spent her childhood (until 1905) in Tsarskoe Selo (the corner of Shirokaya Street and Bezymyanny Lane

Gorodetsky S.M. (1884-1967), poet

GORODETSKY Sergey Mitrofanovich (1884, St. Petersburg - 1967) poet, prose writer, translator and playwright. On graduating from the 6th St. Petersburg Gymnasium he studied (from 1902) at the Faculty of History and Philology of Petersburg University

Gumilev N.S. (1886-1921), poet

GUMILEV Nikolay Stepanovich (1886, Kronstadt - 1921, near St. Petersburg), poet, translator, critic. He spent his childhood in Tsarskoe Selo, from 1896 was in St. Petersburg, and studied at the Gymnasium of Y.G. Gurevich

Ivanov G.V. (1894-1958), poet

IVANOV Georgy Vladimirovich (1894-1958), poet, author of memoirs. Studied in St. Petersburg, at the Second Cadet Corps (didn't graduate). In 1911 became acquainted with A.A

Klyuev N.A. (1887-1937), poet

KLYUEV Nikolay Alexeevich (1884-1937), poet, prose writer. Studied in Vytegra Church School, then in the two-class Mining School. His works were published from 1904 onwards. The first verse collections, The Chime of Pine-Trees (1911), dedicated to A

Lozinsky M.L. (1886-1955), poet, translator

LOZINSKY Mikhail Leonidovich (1886, Gatchina of St. Petersburg Province - 1955, Leningrad), poet, translator. Graduated from the First Petersburg Gymnasium (1904), the Faculty of Law of Petersburg University (1909)

Mandelstam O.E. (1891-1938), poet

MANDELSTAM Osip Emilievich (1891-1938), poet. The family of Mandelstam came to St. Petersburg in 1897 (before that, from 1894 lived in Pavlovsk of St. Petersburg Province); some addresses are 17 Ofitserskaya Street (today Dekabristov Street)

Muruzi House

MURUZI HOUSE (27/24 Liteiny Avenue), an architectural monument, five-storied apartment house, constructed in 1874-1877 (architect A.K. Serebryakov with the assistance of P.I. Shestov and N.V. Sultanov) and belonging to Prince A.D. Muruzi (1807-1880)

Odoevtseva I.V. (1895-1990), writer

ODOEVTSEVA Irina Vladimirovna (real name Heinecke Iraida Gustavovna ) (1895-1990, Leningrad), poet, prose writer, author of memoirs. In 1918 she came to Petrograd. Attended lectures of the Institute of the Living Word (1918-21)

Rozhdestvensky V.A. (1895-1977), poet

ROZHDESTVENSKY Vsevolod Alexandrovich (1895, Tsarskoe Selo of St. Petersburg province - 1977, Leningrad), a poet. He graduated from the First St. Petersburg Gymnasia and began to appear in the press in 1910

Salons, Circles and Literary Gatherings (Entry)

SALONS, CIRCLES AND LITERARY GATHERINGS. During the 18th century regular gatherings of writers were uncommon, but those that there were portrayed different stylistic and philosophic positions

Tikhonov N.S. (1896-1979), writer

TIKHONOV Nikolay Semenovich (1896, St. Petersburg - 1979), poet, prose writer, public figure, hero of Socialist Labour (1966). He held the post of a secretary of the Writers Union of the USSR (from 1944). He graduated from St

Vaginov K.K. (1899-1934), writer

VAGINOV (Wagenheim) Konstantin Konstantinovich (1899, St. Petersburg - 1934, Leningrad), poet, prose writer. He graduated from Gurevich Petrograd Private School (1917)