Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
The subject index / Central Military and Naval Museum

Central Military and Naval Museum

Categories / Science. Education/Museums

MILITARY AND NAVAL MUSEUM, Central Museum of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation (4 Birzhevaya Square), one of Russia's oldest museums. It was founded by Tsar Peter the Great in 1709 as Model Chamber, where all design projects and models of all Russian ships under construction were handed over to. From 1805 the Naval Museum was housed in the Admiralty building, and from 1939-40 - in the former Stock Exchange building at the Spit of Vasilievsky Island. At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45 the museum was evacuated to Ulyanovsk; shortly after the siege was lifted, the museum returned to Leningrad. With the collection stock of about 800 exhibits the museum displays among other exhibits a small boat of Peter the Great, about 2,000 ship models, over 7,000 pieces of maritime equipment and armament samples, over 3,500 flags and banners as well as paintings, battle ships and vessels memorabilia, orders and medals, uniforms, photo materials and other items. The museum also maintains a library and an archive. In 1920-40 a large part of ship designs was handed over to the Russian Navy State Archive. The exposition has sections of History of the Russian Fleet (18th century -1917, central hall) and the USSR Navy (a gallery on the second floor). Aurora Cruiser Museum, Kronstadt Fortress Museum and Road of Life Museum (in Osinovets Village, Vsevolozhsky District, Leningrad Region) are subordinated to the Central Military and Naval Museum.

References: Центральный военно-морской музей: Путеводитель. 2-е изд., перераб. и доп. Л., 1984.

G. V. Kalashnikov.

Peter I, Emperor

Birzhevaya Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4

Центральный военно-морской музей: Путеводитель. 2-е изд., перераб. и доп. Л., 1984

The subject Index
Spit of Vasilievsky Island
Botik of Peter the Great
Aurora, cruiser
Kronstadt Fortress
Road of Life


Baltic Fleet

BALTIC FLEET, consolidation of the naval forces of Russia - USSR - Russian Federation, based on the Baltic Sea. Built up by Tsar Peter I during the Northern War of 1700-21

Botik of Peter the Great

BOTIK OF PETER THE GREAT, botik (little boat) named “The St. Nicholas,” constructed in England in the 1640s, had belonged to the grandfather of Tsar Peter the Great, boyar N.I. Romanov

Kronstadt Fortress

KRONSTADT FORTRESS (Kronstadt, 1 Yakornaya Square), museum, a branch of the Central Military and Naval Museum. Organised by A. A. Antipov who also acted as its first director the museum was opened on 8.5.1980 in the building of the Naval Cathedral

Russian Navy Archive

RUSSIAN NAVY ARCHIVE, STATE (RSNA) (36 Millionnaya Street) was founded in 1724 for the Admiralty Collegium, and from 1827 it was a part of the Sea Ministry. From August 1917, it was the Central Archive of Fleet and Sea Office

Sklyaev F. M. (1672-1728), shipbuilder

SKLYAEV Fedosey Moiseevich (1672-1728, St. Petersburg), shipbuilder, shipwright (1707), captain commander (1723). Sklyaev learned shipbuilding at Amsterdam's wharfs in 1697, in England in 1698, and in Venice in 1699

Vasileostrovsky District

VASILEOSTROVSKY DISTRICT is an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg. (Its territory administration is located at 55 Bolshoy Avenue of Vasilievsky Island) Its present-day borders were formed in 1917 (the western part was a separate