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Entries / Barracks of the Fourth Life Guard Rifle Imperial Family Regiment

Barracks of the Fourth Life Guard Rifle Imperial Family Regiment

Categories / Tsarskoe Selo and town of Pushkin. The digital chronological reference book/Monuments of history and culture

The barracks occupies the whole area opposite the Catherine Park and the Admiralty on Parkovaya Street and limited by Kadetsky Boulevard, Krasnoy Zvezdi (Red Star) Street and Ogorodnaya Street. During 1864-1917 building, locating here, occupied by the Fourth Life Guard Rifle Imperial Family Regiment (until 1910 it was a battalion). Soldiers’ barracks of this regiment were placed in two big blocks, built as living buildings in 1783-1785 according to Ch. Cameron’s “ a standard model of a big house” to Sophia Town, the appearance of which is recognized in facades survived until our days. One of buildings was intended for General A.D. Lanskoy and was built by G. Quarenghi on the remade design of Ch. Cameron. After Lanskoy’s death in 1784 his house and grounds were bought by Catherine II from his heirs and got the fame as “Sophia House” of the tsesarevich or the Konstantin Palace because during 1794-1817 the owner of a part of the building (at first 6 windows, then 9 windows from the park side) was Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich. A wing for married lower ranks of the Fourth Rifle Regiment was built in the 1790s as the outbuilding of the Konstantin Palace. The other part of the building was occupied by the Tsarskoye Selo Board, the Forestry Institute and the Engineer department of the Military department. Among owners of the second building in the late 18th century and early 19th century there was the Scottish stonemason Lavrenty Stitman, Sophia Town merchant Kirila Lomakin, the collegiate assessor and cavalier Platon Sokolov, the Gzhatsk merchant Yemelyan Cheblokov, Sophia Town merchant Afanasy Yevseyev, English merchant Yegor Eno.
In 1813-1819 both buildings were adapted for the Noble Lyceum boarding school according to the design of the architect V.P. Stasov. In 1824-1829 detached buildings of the boarding school, which was separated by Admiralty Street, were rebuilt again to the design of V.P. Stasov and connected with an one-storied gallery.
In 1831 the Alexander Cadet Corps for juvenile children was placed here. Later only connective block was changed in the building appearance, it was overbuilt with the second floor in 1838-1841 to the design of the architect V.V. Kokorev. During 1859-1863 the Officer Rifle School was temporarily placed here, afterwards soldiers’ barracks of the Fourth Life Guard Rifle Imperial Family Regiment was placed in the building.
In the 1910s, in connection with the increase in the number of riflemen up to four-battalion regiment, an adjoining plot with buildings of the Fifth and Sixth squadrons of the Life Guard Hussar His Emperor Majesty Regiment were joined to the barracks of the imperial riflemen (1850-1857, the 1880s, the buildings were rebuilt for soldiers-riflemen in the 1910s), also new barracks were built. Manezhny Lane, separated barrack complexes, was destroyed at the same time. The auxiliary squadron wings of the Hussar Regiment, mainly built in 1850-1857, were rebuilt for riflemen: barracks of the seventh reserve squadron, barracks and cook-houses of trumpet-player team, a school for soldiers’ children, a wing of married lower ranks, storerooms. Street facades of stable and horse hospital of the Hussar Regiment, rebuilt in the 1910 by the architect V.I. Yakovlev for needs of the Fourth Rifle Regiment, were decorated with many-column porticos in the spirit of the Neo-classicism architecture. Neo-classicism forms and large-scale dimensions were used for decoration of facades of the Officers’ Assembly building with flats for officers of the Fourth Rifle Regiment built in 1913-1914 by the architect V.I. Yakovlev. Also the Battalion building (1912-1914) in Kadetsky Boulevard and the Soldiers’ School (1911-1915) were built in the heart of the barrack complex by V.I. Yakovlev jointly with the architect Ye.O. Konstanovich.
After 1917 units of the Red Army were placed here, from 1948 the High Navy Engineering Colledge named after V.I. Lenin, reorganized in the Navy Engineering Institute in 1999, has been placed here.

Semenova Galina Victorovna

Cameron Charles
Catherine II, Empress
Kokorev, Vasily Vasilyevich
Konstantin Pavlovich, Grand Prince
Konstantinovich, Yevstafy Iosifovich
Lanskoy Alexander Dmitrievich
Quarenghi Giacomo
Stasov Vasily Petrovich
Yakovlev Vsevolod Ivanovich
Yakovlev Vsevolod Ivanovich
Yakovlev Vsevolod Ivanovich
Yakovlev Vsevolod Ivanovich
Yakovlev Vsevolod Ivanovich
Yakovlev Vsevolod Ivanovich
Yakovlev Vsevolod Ivanovich

Ekaterininsky Park/Pushkin, town
Kadetsky Boulevard/Pushkin, town
Krasnaya Zvezda Street/Pushkin, town
Ogorodnaya Street/Pushkin, town
Parkovaya Street/Pushkin, town