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Entries / Maximilianovskaya City Hospital

Maximilianovskaya City Hospital

Categories / Medicine. Public Health/Hospitals and Clinics

MAXIMILIANOVSKAYA CITY HOSPITAL No. 28 (1-3 Dekabristov Street) was founded in 1850 with the funding of private donations as St. Lazarus Clinic, intended for incoming patients of both sexes. It was located in the house of architect A.K. Pehl (rebuilt in 1903-13, the architect A.F. Pehl). The project was the first in Russia to make use of a polyclinic-type structure with twenty-four hour reception of patients, developed by doctor F.F. van der Flaas who was in the head of the Clinic in 1850-59). In 1852 it was given a new name, Maximilianovskaya, in memory of its founder and curator Duke Maximilian of Leuchtenbergsky (curators of the Hospital were Grand Princess Elena Pavlovna (1855-73), her daughter Ekaterina Mikhailovna (1874-94), daughter of Duke Maximilian Euvgenia Maximilianovna Oldenburgskaya (from 1894). N.F. Arendt and N.I. Pirogov consulted in the clinic. N.A. Velyaminov, the head of the clinic from 1893, made a tremendous contribution to the clinic’s effectiveness. After October 1917 the clinic was reorganised and renamed many times. During the Great Patriotic War in 1941-45 it served as a military hospital of the Medical and Sanitary Service, then as a district hospital. In 1973-91 it was known as Nakhimson City Hospital. Its historical name was returned to the hospital in 1992. In 2003 the Hospital had clinics of surgery, therapy, cardiology, traumatology, and departments of psychosomatic illnesses and nursing. In 1942 the fee-pay Clinic No. 81 (19 Voznesensky Avenue) known as Maximilianovskaya Polyclinic among the inhabitants of St. Petersburg was separated from the hospital.

References: Вельяминов Н. А. Максимилиановская лечебница, 1850-1900 гг. СПб., 1900; Грекова Т. И., Голиков Ю. П. Медицинский Петербург. СПб., 2001. С. 344-348.

T. I. Grekova.

Arendt Nikolay Fedorovich
Ekaterina Mikhailovna, Grand Princess
Elena Pavlovna, Grand Princess
Flaas van der F.F.
Leuchtenbergsky Maximilian, Duke
Nakhimson Semen Mikhailovich
Oldenburgskaya Evgenia Maximilianovna, Princess
Pehl Alexander Hristoforovich
Pirogov Nikolay Ivanovich
Velyaminov Nikolay Alexandrovich

Dekabristov St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 1
Dekabristov St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 3
Voznesensky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 12

Вельяминов Н. А. Максимилиановская лечебница, 1850-1900 гг. СПб., 1900
Голиков Ю. П., Грекова Т. И. Медицинский Петербург. СПб., 2001.

Voznesensky Avenue

VOZNESENSKY AVENUE, translated as Ascension Avenue, between Admiralteisky Avenue and Fontanka River Embankment. It was laid in the early 18th century. It runs towards the tower of the Main Admiralty and crosses St Isaac’s Square