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Entries / Annenschule, School

Annenschule, School

Categories / Science. Education/Educational Institutions

ANNENSCHULE, a school attached to St. Anna's Lutheran Church, situated at 8a Kirochnaya Street. Y. I. Bruce, Peter the Great’s associate, made a decision in 1722 to provide regular training to children in reading and writing in German language with a separate school building later constructed. The school was opened on 3 January 1736 with pastor L. Shattner as the first teacher and director. The curriculum gradually expanded and the Russian language introduced into the teaching process, Annenschule was equated to six-class public schools in 1780. It enrolled Russian children irrespective of their confessions, boys and girls taught separately. The school was equated to state gymnasiums in 1852 providing education in German and granting students priority in entering Derpt University. A new three-storied building was erected for Annenschule by architect A. I. Dyutak in 1868 with a gymnasium and recreation room added by architect V. A. Schreter in 1888 and awarded a golden medal at the All-Russian Health Fair in 1893. In the late 19th century, it was turned into a school comprising of a boys' gymnasium, women's gymnasium, practical department, commercial department, and two elementary schools for boys and girls numbering 1,800 students in all. In 1906, both the elementary schools were shifted to a new five-storied house at 8 Kirochnaya Street, built by architects A. F. Bubyr and L. A. Ilyin. Annenschule was considered to be one of the most prestigious schools in St. Petersburg, with A. K. Sheller-Mikhaylov, N. N. Miklukho-Maclay, P. F. Lesgaft, E. E. Eichwald, A. F. Koni, R. R. Bach, V. V. Struve, C. G. Faberge, A. K. Beggrow, K. Y. Lugebil, F. F. Zelinsky, V. Y. Propp, S. E. Radlov, E. M. Granovskaya, S. A. Martinson, and B. A. Freindlikh being educated or teaching here in various years. It was reorganised as the United Labour School 37 in 1918, renamed High School 11 and later 189, education in German gradually reduced for all subjects. The former elementary school building accommodated High School 32, later 203. The main building of the former Annenschule was handed over to High School 239 in 1975, which was transformed into a physical and mathematical lyceum in 1990. In November 1986, education workers of St. Petersburg celebrated the 250th anniversary of Annenschule with over three thousand of its charges taking part in the celebration.

Reference: Ramming N. Die St. Annen-Schule in St.-Petersburg. Berlin, 1936.

V. I. Dedyulin.

Bach Robert Romanovich
Beggrow Alexander Carlovich
Bruce Yakov Villimovich (James Daniel)
Bubyr Alexey Fedorovich
Dyutak Alexey Ivanovich
Eichwald Eduard Eduardovich
Faberge Сarl Gustavovich
Freindlikh Bruno Arturovich
Granovskaya Elena Mavrikievna
Ilyin Lev Alexandrovich
Koni Anatoly Fedorovich
Lesgaft Peter Franzevich
Lugebil K.Ya.
Martinson Sergey Alexandrovich
Miklukho-Maclay Nikolay Nikolaevich
Peter I, Emperor
Propp Vladimir Yakovlevich
Radlov Sergey Ernestovich
Schreter Viktor Alexandrovich
Shattner L.
Sheller-Mikhaylov Alexander Konstantinovich
Struve Vasily Vasilievich
Zelinsky Faddey (Tadeusz-Stephan) Franzevich

Kirochnaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 8, litera л. А

Ramming N. Die St. Annen-Schule in St.-Petersburg. Berlin, 1936


Bubyr A.F. (1876-1919), architect

BUBYR Alexey Fedorovich (1876-1919), architect. Graduated from the College of Civil Engineers (1902). Worked at the Department of Empress Maria’s Institutions (since 1903), taught at the College of Civil Engineers

Confessions, Non-Orthodox (entry)

NON ORTHODOX CONFESSIONS, Christian non-Orthodox churches. From the beginning of the 18th century, St. Petersburg was the centre of foreign confessions in Russia. The most numerous community were the Roman Catholics

Pal K. Y. (1845-1910), entrepreneur

PAL Karl Yakovlevich (1845, St. Petersburg - 1910, St. Petersburg), entrepreneur, hereditary honorary citizen, first-guild merchant in 1884. After he left Annenschule in 1863 he devoted himself to business activities

St. Anne’s Lutheran Church

ST. ANNE’S LUTHERAN CHURCH, located at 8 Kirochnaya Street, an architectural monument of the Classicist style. It was built in 1775-79 (architect Y. M. Felten) on the place of a brick chapel of the same name, constructed in 1735-40 (architect P. M