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Entries / Bolsheokhtinsky Bridge

Bolsheokhtinsky Bridge

Categories / Architecture/Bridges

BOLSHEOKHTINSKY BRIDGE (Okhtinsky, in 1911-18 Bridge of Emperor Peter the Great), across the Neva River, joins Tulskaya and Yakornaya streets. Built in 1908-11 (engineers G.G. Krivoshein, S.P. Bobrovsky, G.P. Peredery, architect V.P. Apyshkov, with the participation of professors N.A. Belelyubsky, G.N. Sokolov and others). The construction was long debated (1884-1907) and an international competition held (16 projects were represented). Bolsheokhtinsky Bridge is a metal framed, three span structure. Lateral spans are covered with tie beams held with double hinged arched girders. A roadway runs below. The middle span opens from both sides. The piers have a pneumatic foundation, faced with granite. Near the foundations are granite outflows for water, on the piers, the towers and beacons are faced with granite. In 1983, beyond the foundations on the right bank was built a reinforced concrete underpass under the embankment. In 1993-97, Bolsheokhtinsky Bridge was reconstructed preserving the original structure and external view (engineers N.G. Tikhomirov, V.A. Parshin, V.M. Zhirukhin). The riveted metal structure of the navigation opening was replaced with a welded one, the electro-mechanical gear was replaced with an electro-hydraulic gear. On the arched girders damaged rivets were replaced with high-tensile bolts. The road surface was completed with steel plate deck covered with asphalt and concrete. On Smolenskaya and Sinopskaya Embankments a retaining wall and reinforced concrete underpass were built on the left side of the foundations. Length (without the underpasses) approximately 335 metres, width 23.5 metres.

D. Y. Guzevich, S.Z. Suponitsky, N.M. Kozlovskaya.

Apyshkov Vladimir Petrovich
Belelyubsky Nikolay Apollonovich
Bobrovsky S.P.
Krivoshein Grigory Grigorievich
Parshin V.A.
Peredery Grigory Petrovich
Peter I, Emperor
Sokolov G.N.
Tikhomirov N.G.
Zhirukhin V.M.

Tulskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Yakornaya St./Saint Petersburg, city


Apyshkov V.P. (1871-1939), engineer

APYSHKOV VLADIMIR PETROVICH (1871-1939, Leningrad), engineer, architect, architectural theorist. Graduated from the Nikolaevskaya Engineer Academy (1901), from 1905 lectured there

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