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Entries / Leningrad Metallurgic Plant (LMP)

Leningrad Metallurgic Plant (LMP)

Categories / Economy/Industry

LENINGRAD METALLURGIC PLANT (LMP) (18 Sverdlovskaya Embankment), open joint-stock company, the largest pipe-building enterprise of the country. It was founded in 1857 by merchant S.N. Rasteryaev, St. Petersburg Metallurgic Plant Company was formed at the same time. It produced nails, wire, and frying pans, then mastered the production of heating and ventilation devices, iron building constructions, used in the construction of Sennoy and Andreevsky markets (1883 and 1891), palm greenhouses of the Botanic Garden (1887), the Conservatory Hall (1893), Holy Resurrection Cathedral (Spas-na-Krovi; 1894) domes, a monitor light in the Russian Museum building (1905), the State Assembly Meeting Hall in the Mariinsky Palace (1907), fireproof curtain of the Alexandrinsky Theatre (1914), the navigation opening of the Bolsheokhtinsky Bridge (1911) and other buildings. Since the 1860s the plant produced cranes, pomps, and since 1880 – different types of steam boilers. In 1904 the first steam turbine in Russia was made there. Since the late 1860s the plant produced artillery gun carriages, turrets for ship and land cannons, mine and torpedo hardware, and shells. In 1911 a building dockyard was made in Ust-Izhora village, where fleet destroyers were constructed. During the Civil War the plant was inactive, the production was resumed in 1920; since 1924 the plant specialised in production of turbines, thus to a great extent contributing to the national program of electrification. In the beginning of the Great Patriotic War (1941-45) most equipment was evacuated, and the rest was used to build and repair tanks and armoured trains, and to produce ammunition. After the war the plant restarted production of steam, gas and hydraulic turbines. Unique turbines of 500, 800 and 1200 MW were designed and built. LMP aggregates have been installed at 70% of CIS power stations and in 43 countries of the world. In the 1990s and the early 21st century the plant continued to produce turbines, including import to Slovakia, India, China Iran, and Finland.

References: Сергеев Н. С. Металлисты. Л., 1967; Боженкова М. И. Ленинградский Металлический завод: Ист. очерки. СПб., 1997.

V. S. Solomko.

Rasteryaev Sergey Ivanovich

Sverdlovskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 18

Боженкова М. И. Ленинградский Металлический завод: Ист. очерки. СПб., 1997
Сергеев Н. С. Металлисты. Л., 1967

The subject Index
Rimsky-Korsakov Conservatory
Holy Resurrection Cathedral, (Spas-na-Krovi)
Russian Museum, State
Mariinsky Palace
Alexandrinsky Theatre
Bolsheokhtinsky Bridge


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