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Entries / Petersburg Transportation Hub

Petersburg Transportation Hub

Categories / City Services/Transportation

PETERSBURG TRANSPORTATION HUB. European Russia's largest transport centre. St. Petersburg's unique geographical location, with its accessibility to sea, river and railway routes, as well as major highways, allows for the meeting of important logistic objectives, particularly providing cargo and passenger transportation and implementing integration of transition processed. The St. Petersburg Transportation Hub is a unified enterprise; the key condition to its coordination is close interaction between all aspects, the strategic assignment of central locations and state-of-the-art equipment. Within the structure of the St. Petersburg Transportation Hub, these tasks are accomplished by the outer long-distance route, and the inner local (including suburban) transport systems. The former is comprised of sea, river, railway, motor, air and pipeline transport. The St. Petersburg Transportation Hub's international transport corridors system has three Europe-Asia corridors, including the North-South, the Transsib, and the Northern Sea Route, as well as regional corridors, going through the Northwestern Region. Until 1996, sea transport was carried out by the Baltic Shipping Company; and since 2003, there have opened 40 shipping companies. The St. Petersburg Sea Port includes the former commercial port base (today Sea Port), the Lesnoy Port, the Passenger Seaport, the Lomonosovsky, Kronshtadtsky, and Gorskaya minor ports, mooring shipyards, as well as four cargo districts and over 20 terminals. Due to modern passenger vessels' deep drafts, passengers can also disembark via passenger berths along the port's second cargo section. By 2003, the turnover of exported goods amounted to 37 million tons a year. Cargo and passenger transportation is also provided by railway, motor and river transport. About 140 enterprises provide transportation by water (the largest of them is the Northwestern Shipping Company). Passenger terminals are located at the river-boat station and the berth on Makarova Embankment (opposite building No.28). Cargo and passenger transportation, as well as sightseeing tours, are available along river waterways, and also along the sea outlet used by cargo transport and passenger lines. Motor transport provides connections to regional and international transport. Its share in the transportation turnover of the Petersburg Transportation Hub is about 30%. About 7,000 economic entities with various types of ownership operate in the automobile transportation service market. Motor transport includes buses, taxis and long-distance freight transport (refrigerator trucks, goods wagons, road-trains). By 2003, enterprises providing automobile transportation services in St. Petersburg delivered about 9 million tons of export and import goods, and about 400,000 passengers on international transport lines. The St. Petersburg main railroad enterprise is the Oktyabrskaya Railway. The total length of the St. Petersburg Transport Hub's railway lines equals 423 km (about 100 railway stations); about 90% of the lines are electrified. Air transportation is provided by the Pulkovo Air Company, providing over 30 scheduled flights to more than 80 cities throughout the world. The company has 14 TU-154M airplanes, 10 TU-154B airplanes, 11 TU-134 airplanes and 9 IL-86 airplanes (2003).The pipeline operator is the Baltiiskaya Pipeline System, which operated the transportation of petroleum and mineral oils to Russia and abroad, encompassing a network of pipelines, berths and an oil-tanker terminal. The international North-South Corridor, along the Finland - St. Petersburg - Moscow - Caspian Sea - Gulf States route, unites railway, motor and waterway lines. The Transsib and Northern Sea Route corridors have branches in the direction of St. Petersburg, and passes through the St. Petersburg Transport Hub. Means of transportation to, from, and through St. Petersburg include travel on river, railway, bus, trolley-bus, tram, motor transport and Metro. River transportation is carried out from river-boat station berths and temporary berths on the Palace Embankment, near the Summer Garden, and at the St. Peter-and-Paul Fortress, as well as others. Local lines (including services to Petrodvorets, Kronshtadt) are serviced by Raketa, Voskhod and other motor ship firms. Local railway services are provided by ER Electric Trains, running from five railway St. Petersburg stations. The main directions are the Karelian Isthmus, Luga - Oredezh, Nevdubstroy - Syasstroy, Lomonosov, and others. About 23% of transportation services are provided by motor transport along the St. Petersburg Transport Hub's interurban roadways. By 2003, there were 3,320 km of streets and roads, including 1,600 km of highways, 405 bridges, 95 traffic intersections and 26 pedestrian tunnels in St. Petersburg . By 2003, about 13% of total public travel was carried out by trolley-buses and about 16% by trams. By 2003, the share of trolley-bus and tram transport was reduced within the St. Petersburg Transportation Hub's system, turning into delivery transport for underground stations and markets. The marshrutki (jitney) van service developed quickly in 1995-2003 (by 2003 there were about 600 routes). In 1980-2000, the Metro network became St. Petersburg's main local transport system. The Metro is a priority in the comprehensive development of the St. Petersburg Transportation Hub.

A. P. Zhukovsky.

Makarova Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, litera напротив д.28

The subject Index
Baltic Shipping Company
Sea Port
Sea Passenger Terminal
Northwest Shipping Lines
River Port
Oktyabrskaya Railway