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Entries / Lisy Nos, settlement

Lisy Nos, settlement

Categories / City Topography/Historical Geography/Vacation Houses, Spas and Resorts

LISY NOS, a settlement on the northern coast of the Gulf of Finland; municipal unit of the Primorsky Administrative District, former urban settlement (from 1948); also the name of a train station 25 kilometres away from Saint Petersburg. The Lisichye settlement in Korin Nos (from the Finnish kari, meaning reef) has been known since 1500. In the early 18th century, Peter the Great continually visited there; by his decree an oak grove was planted (called Srednie Dubki and Starye Dubki), and a wooden palace was built (dismanteled in the 18th century). At the onset of the Crimean War of 1853-56, a gun redoubt and a harbour for gun-bearing vessels were constructed in Lisy Nos. In 1855, the St. Alexander Nevsky Church was erected, which was transferred to Tarkhovka in 1928, and subsequently redesigned as a railway station. In 1856, painter I. I. Shishkin lived in Lisy Nos (the picture Landscape of Lisy Nos was distinguished with the Academy of Arts Award). From the early 20th century, it was a popular spot for summer cottages. In 1905-07, the territory of Lisy Nos became an execution place for political convicts (who were also buried here). In 1917, the St. Vladimir Church was constructed at 37 Baltiisky Avenue (architect P. М. Mulkhanov). In the 1930s, many Lenfilm Film Studio directors and actors had summer cottages in Lisy Nos; in 1936, a section of the movie Girlfriends was shot here, as was the movie Way Station in 1939. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1944, Lisy Nos accommodated the 26th Night Fighter Guards Command; supplies to Kronstadt and Oranienbaum were organised along the Lisy Nos harbour; in the winter of 1943-44, the troops of the Second Strike Army launched from here. The construction of flood protection facilities has been under way in Lisy Nos since 1979.

References: Лисий Нос: Ист. очерк. СПб., 2001; Богданов И. А. Лахта - Ольгино - Лисий Нос. СПб., 2002. I. А. Bogdanov.

Mulkhanov Pavel Mikhailovich
Peter I, Emperor
Shishkin Ivan Ivanovich

Baltiisky Avenue/Lisy Nos, village, house 37
Lisy Nos, village

Лисий Нос: Ист. очерк. СПб., 2001

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Oranienbaum Bridgehead