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The subject index / Oranienbaum Bridgehead

Oranienbaum Bridgehead

Categories / Army. Navy/Blokade

ORANIENBAUM BRIDGEHEAD (Primorsky Bridgehead), a territory along the shore of the Gulf of Finland, from the Voronka River to Peterhof (about 65 km long and 25 km deep). It was formed on 16 September 1941 after German forces broke through to the Gulf of Finland in the region of Uritsk. The Oranienbaum Bridgehead was held by Red Army units with the support of coast artillery and naval gunfire from the Baltic Fleet; the forts Krasnaya Gorka (Red Hill) and Seraya Loshad (Grey Horse) played a significant role the Oranienbaum Bridgehead's defence. A connection between the Oranienbaum Bridgehead and Leningrad was established through the Gulf of Finland and Kronstadt, along the Small Road of Life. Originally, the Oranienbaum Bridgehead was defended by 8th Army troops, and, from November 1941, by Primorsky Force troops from the Leningrad Front. In November 1943, the 2nd Strike Army took part in an operation that broke the siege (January 1944), and was transferred to the Oranienbaum Bridgehead. Monuments and memorials were erected along the Oranienbaum Bridgehead's defence line, forming a part of the Green Belt of Glory.

Reference: Непокоренный плацдарм: Воспоминания участников обороны Ораниенбаумского плацдарма, 1941-1944. Л., 1987.

A. Y. Chistyakov.

Непокоренный плацдарм: Воспоминания участников обороны Ораниенбаум. плацдарма, 1941-1944. Л., 1987

The subject Index
Siege of 1941-44
The Green Belt of Glory

2nd Strike Army

2ND STRIKE ARMY, an armed forces unit of the USSR. Formed in December 1941 along the Volkhov Front for offensive action, to break through the Siege of Leningrad. In January – July 1942, during the Lyuban Offensive, it was encircled and defeated

8th Army

8th ARMY. An armed forces unit of the USSR. Formed in October 1939 as a part of the Leningrad Air Defence Force. On 22 June 1941, it was located on the frontier along the Neman River, and included the 10th and 11th Infantry corps

English Park (Peterhof)

ENGLISH PARK is situated in the west part of Peterhof, in the lower course of Shinkarka River, to the north of Egerskaya Settlement and to the northwest of Lugovoy Park. Stary Petergof railway station is situated at its southwest outskirts

Fedyuninsky I.I. (1900-1977), military commander, general

FEDYUNINSKY Ivan Ivanovich (1900-1977), Soviet military commander, General (1955), Hero of the Soviet Union (1939). From 1919 served in the Red Army. Participated in the Civil War


FORTS. Fortifications in the area of the Gulf of Finland, built with the purpose of guarding approaches by the enemy to the Kronstadt Fortress. The first Kronschlot sea fort was opened in 1704


GORSKAYA, locality in the southern part of Sestroretsk, east of Primorskoe Freeway. The territory incorporates a railway station of the same name within the railway line linking St. Petersburg and Sestroretsk and a summer settlement

Leningrad Front

LENINGRAD FRONT. Joint USSR armed forces during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45 fighting against German and Finnish troops in Leningrad Region and in Estonia

Lifting of the Siege, 1944

LIFTING THE SIEGE. Part of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45; the complete liquidation and annihilation of all military threats to Leningrad, and the restoration of normal functioning of city communications

Lisy Nos, settlement

LISY NOS, a settlement on the northern coast of the Gulf of Finland; municipal unit of the Primorsky Administrative District, former urban settlement (from 1948); also the name of a train station 25 kilometres away from Saint Petersburg

Lomonosov, town

LOMONOSOV (until 1948 Oranienbaum), a town and municipal unit within Saint Petersburg, the centre of Lomonosovsky District of the Leningrad Region, located 32 kilometres southwest of the city centre on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland

Lomonosovsky District

LOMONOSOVSKY DISTRICT, an administrative and territorial unit of St. Petersburg, with its administration located in the town of Lomonosov, at 42 Dvortsovy Avenue

Panteleev Y.А. (1901-1983), Admiral

PANTELEEV Yury Alexandrovich (1901, St. Petersburg; 1983, Leningrad), Admiral (1953), Professor (1962). Completed Classes in Navigation for Commanders of the Naval Forces of the Red Army Revolutionary Committee (1925)

The Green Belt of Glory

THE GREEN BELT OF GLORY, a complex of memorial installations and parks along the border-lines of the Battle of Leningrad, 1941-44. The idea of the establishment of the complex was suggested by poet and front-line soldier M.A

The Green Belt of Glory

It is a complex of memorial installations and parks along the 200 kilometer border-line of the Battle of Leningrad. The memorial was designed by architects G.N. Buldakov, V.L. Gaykevich, and M.A. Sementovskaya