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Entries / Novaya Derevnya

Novaya Derevnya


Categories / City Topography/Historical Geography/Historical Districts, Localities, Tracts, Municipal Establishments

NOVAYA DEREVNYA, a historical district in the north-west of St. Petersburg, on the right bank of the Bolshaya Nevka River, in the west it borders on Staraya Derevnya, in the east it is confined by the Chernaya Rechka River, in the north by Bogatyrsky Avenue, that divides Novaya Derevnya from Komendantsky Aerodrome. In the mid-18th century, chancellor A.P. Bestuzhev-Ryumin settled his serfs here and called the settlement Novaya Derevnya (New Village) (as distinct from the neighbouring Staraya Derevnya (Old Village)). In the 19th century, Novaya Derevnya was a dacha area. Here Alexander Pushkin with his family, A.S. Griboedov, M.I. Glinka, I.S. Turgenev and many other celebrities rented summer cottages. Local restaurants Livadia, Arkadia and especially Villa Rode enjoyed wide popularity, singers L.V. Sobinov and F.I. Chaliapin gave summer theatre performances. In 1894, a line of Primorskaya Railway St. Petersburg-Sestroretsk went through Novaya Derevnya (until 1930s, its railway station was located on the place of building 15 along Primorsky Avenue). The territory to the south of the railway had been almost thoroughly built up with residential houses by the 1910s, to the north - with industrial enterprises (Shadrin Chemical Processing Plant, etc.). During the Siege of 1941-44, wooden houses were either destroyed by fires or demolished to get firewood. In the late 1940s, the reconstruction and accomplishment of the region were launched: first standard low buildings (so-called German cottages) appeared in the area between Serebryakov Lane and Shishmarevsky Lane. In the early 1950s, new blocks of buildings arose to the east of Shishmarevsky Lane. In the middle of the 1960s, the west of Novaya Derevnya was built up with standard 5-storied brick houses. Main thoroughfares are Primorsky Avenue, Savushkina Street and Shkolnaya Street. In 1982, Chernaya Rechka metro station was opened. In the 1930s-80s the territory in the region of Polevaya Street and Sabirovskaya Street were occupied with utilities, industrial and motor transport enterprises; the Neva Bakery and Confectionery Plant, Kronos Paint, Varnish and Lacquer Plant, furniture works and other businesses are located here. To the north of the railway, there is Serafimovskoe Cemetery. Among the architectural monuments are Saltykovs' summer residence including a garden (1837-43; 4 Akademika Krylova Street), Shishmarev's summer residence including a garden (1824-25; 87 Primorsky Avenue) and the Holy Annunciation Church (1805-08, 79 Primorsky Avenue).

Reference: Авраамова Т. И. О Старой и Новой Деревнях. Л., 1962.

Е. А. Bondarchuk, P.Y. Yudin.

Persons
Bestuzhev-Ryumin Alexey Petrovich, Count
Chaliapin Fedor Ivanovich
Glinka Mikhail Ivanovich
Griboedov Alexander Sergeevich
Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich
Shadrin A.I .
Shishmarev A.F.
Sobinov Leonid Vitalievich
the Saltykovs
Turgenev Ivan Sergeevich

Addresses
Akademika Krylova St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 4
Bogatyrsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city
Polevaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Primorsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 79
Primorsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city
Primorsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 87
Primorsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 15
Sabirovskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Savushkina St./Saint Petersburg, city
Serebryakov Lane/Saint Petersburg, city
Shishmarevsky Lane/Saint Petersburg, city
Shkolnaya St./Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Авраамова Т. И. О Старой и Новой Деревнях. Л., 1962

The subject Index
Rhodes Villa Restaurant
Siege of 1941-44
Seraphimovskoe Cemetery