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Entries / Avtovo


Categories / City Topography/Historical Geography/Historical Districts, Localities, Tracts, Municipal Establishments

AVTOVO, an area in the southwest part of St. Petersburg, bordered by the Krasnenkaya River on the south and Komsomolskaya Square on the north. The name origin traces back to the Finnish village of Autovo (Auktovo), located here in the late 17th century. In the 19th - early 20th centuries, Avtovo was an undeveloped town where workers from the Putilov Plant lived. In 1934, the blocks between Stachek Avenue and Krasnoputilovskaya Street were reconstructed. In 1941-44, a front line ran southward from Avtovo, providing an artillery battery station, staff headquarters, and rear units. In 1952-60, residential areas adjacent to Stachek Avenue were developed. Construction of the Avtovo metro station started in 1955. In 1960-62, the area between Avtovskaya Street, Krasnoputilovskaya Street and Chervonnogo Kazachestva Street was the first area in the city to be developed with typical large-panel apartment buildings from the Avtovo Integrated House-Building Factory (founded in 1959). In Avtovo there is a tank memorial (1949-51) and a monument to the Komsomol Heroes (1968). The western part of Avtovo accommodates a vast industrial zone facing the coast of the Gulf of Finland, including the Kirov Plant, the Severnaya Verf Shipyard, the Pervomayskaya Heating Station, and a number of others.

References: Шаскольская Т. Автово // БА. 1977. № 25. С. 40-49.

Е. А. Bondarchuk, P. Y. Yudin.

Avtovskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Chervonnogo Kazachestva St./Saint Petersburg, city
Komsomolskaya Square/Saint Petersburg, city Автово
Krasnoputilovskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city Автово
Stachek Ave/Saint Petersburg, city

The subject Index
Kirovsky Plant
Northern Shipyard Plant