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Rubricator / / City Administration / Government Bodies
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Administrative board of the city

ADMINISTRATIVE BOARD OF THE CITY, the executive body of the city government. Instituted in 1873 during the implementation of the City Reform of 1870. It was elected by the City Duma for a term of 4 years (since 1903, for 6 years)

Central Duma

CENTRAL DUMA (Central City Duma) is the elected organ of city self-government. It was set up by the Provisional Government after the February revolution of 1917, dealing with the same problems as the previous City Duma

Central Police Office

CENTRAL POLICE OFFICE, the city administration body of St. Petersburg in the 18th century. It was instituted attached to Petersburg Chief of Police General according to the decree on city police establishment issued on June 7, 1718

Charter Court

CHARTER COURT (28 Tchaikovskogo Street), the organ of judicial power, upholding the Charter of St. Petersburg and ensuring supremity of law. The Court took office on September 20, 2000 pursuant to the Law of St. Petersburg dated June 5, 2000

Charter of St. Petersburg

CHARTER OF ST. PETERSBURG, the main normative document of the city adopted by the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg on January 14, 1998, signed by the Governor on February 28, 1998. It is comprised of 12 chapters and 80 articles

Chief of the Police

CHIEF OF THE POLICE, the head of the city police. The post of the chief of the police, as an assistant officer of Chief of the Police General, established in 1766

City Administration (entry)

CITY ADMINISTRATION. The system of City Administration in St. Petersburg from the beginning of the 18th century developed in 2 directions - the city government and self-government (see City self-government). From 1703 the city was governed by A. D

City Duma

CITY DUMA, administrative body of the city government. It was instituted in 1786 by Cities letter of grant (1785). City Duma was in charge of the city economy, taxes and levies, trade, medicine, education etc

City Emergency Commission

CITY EMERGENCY COMMISSION on the ascertainment and investigation of the fascist agressors and their confederates' crimes and the damage caused by them to organizations

City Hall

CITY HALL, Mayor’s Office in 1991-96, successor of the Executive Committee of Leningrad Soviet of Working People’s Deputies. By order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic adopted on May 20

City Self-Government

CITY SELF-GOVERNMENT, elected organs responsible for different aspects of city life. The beginning of City Self-Government was laid by Tsar Peter the Great, who set up the Town council in 1710 in St. Petersburg

Civil governor

CIVIL GOVERNOR, the head of the provincial administration in St. Petersburg province. Officially the post of civil governor was founded in 1761 (before then, since 1736 the functions of civil governor were performed by the governor of province and

Committee against pogroms

COMMITTEE AGAINST POGROMS, emergency government authority, established on December 4 (17 New Style), 1917 of the decision of Petrograd Soviet for the cessation of wine pogroms in Petrograd. The Committee was located in Smolny (room No. 75)

District Committees

DISTRICT COMMITTEES of Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party - Communist Party of the Soviet Union, leading organs of district organizations of the Communist Party, were created in workers' blocks of St

District Councils

DISTRICT COUNCILS, agencies of municipal government, established in May-June of 1917 by order of Central Council, after the division of Petrograd into 18 districts was approved

District Court

DISTRICT COURT, a judiciary body, established in the course of the Judiciary reform of 1864. Consisted of a chairman, his deputy and members of the court (appointed by the minister of Justice)

District Executive Committees

DISTRICT EXECUTIVE COMMITTEES, organs of executive power on the territory of city districts in 1917-27 and in 1940-91. For the first time they were elected by District Soviets in March-May 1917

District Soviets

DISTRICT SOVIETS, organs of state power on the territory of city districts in 1917-93. They appeared in the course of February revolution of 1917 as elected political organizations of workers and soldiers' deputies (17 District Soviets were formed

Duma of Six Members

DUMA OF SIX MEMBERS, an elected executive organ of city self-government. The Duma was formed according to the Imperial Decree to Cities of 1785. It was appointed concurrently with the General City Duma in January 21 1786

Executive Committee of Leningrad Soviet of Working People’s Deputies

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF LENINGRAD SOVIET OF WORKING PEOPLE’S DEPUTIES, the highest organ of executive authority on the territory of Leningrad in 1941-91. It dates back to the Executive Committee of the Petrograd Soviet [elected on February 27 (March

Head Magistrate

HEAD MAGISTRATE, the public institution of the highest rank. It was established in St. Petersburg on the decree of tsar Peter the Great in 1720 to function as the principal establishment in charge of city magistrates of other cities and towns. In St

Head of the city administration

HEAD OF THE CITY ADMINISTRATION, the highest administrative and police rank in St. Petersburg. The post was introduced with the publication of the Regulations as of March 20, 1873 on St. Petersburg cessation from St

Legislative Assembly

LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY (6 St. Isaac's Square), the top legislative organ of state power in St. Petersburg elected for 4 years. The Assembly is comprised of 50 deputies and is located in Mariinsky Palace

Leningrad City Committee of All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)

LENINGRAD CITY COMMITTEE OF THE ALL-UNION COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIKS) - Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Leningrad City Committee) was the leading organ of the Leningrad City Organization of the Communist Party

Leningrad Provincial Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolshevik)

LENINGRAD PROVINCIAL COMMITTEE OF THE ALL-UNION COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIK) [before 1924, it was called Petrograd Provincial Committee of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party (Bolshevik)- the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik)- the

Leningrad Regional Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolshevik)

LENINGRAD REGIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE ALL-UNION COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIK), later the Leningrad Regional Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the leading organ of the Leningrad Regional Organisation of the Communist Party

Leningrad Soviet

LENINGRAD SOVIET (Leningrad City Soviet of People"s Deputies), the supreme authority on the terriory of Leningrad. It originated from Petrograd Soviet of working people and soldiers" deputies founded on February 27 (March 12 New Style)

Magistrate courts

MAGISTRATE COURTS, the lower echelon of the judiciary system introduced in the course of Judiciary reform of 1864 (see also District court). Magistrate courts were in charge of civil and minor criminal cases. The territory of St


MAYOR, the elected head of the municipal government bodies in the second half of the 18th - early 20th centuries. The position was founded in 1766, mayor was elected for 2 years from landowners over 30 years old

Municipal Reform of 1870

MUNICIPAL REFORM OF 1870, reorganisation of local power structures as part of the Great Reforms of the 1860s-70s. According to City Regulations approved on 16 June 1870, an All-Estate City Duma was established with two executive bodies

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