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The subject index / Oktyabrskaya Hotel

Oktyabrskaya Hotel

Categories / City Services/Housing and Communal Services

OKTYABRSKAYA HOTEL (until the 1890s, Znamenskaya Hotel, then through 1918, Bolshaya Severnaya Hotel; 10 Ligovsky Ave). The main building (118 Nevsky Prospect) was constructed at the same time as the Moscow Railway Station (architect N.E. Tfimov). The building opposite the railway station was built in 1847-57 (architect A.P. Gemilian). Hotel guests included Shamil in 1859, M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin in September 1863, and D.V. Karakozov, who plotted an attempt on Emperor Alexander II, in April, 1866. In 1871, the facades were reconstructed (architect Y.I. Gubanov); in 1880 I.I. Klimov supervised a general development project on the building (which was turned into a 5-story structure with an attic and added rooms). In 1896, the 6th floor was added by architect A.S. Khrenov. By the late 19th century, there were 197 rooms in the hotel. In 1906, L.V. Sobinov stayed there. In 1910-12, the fourth floor was added over the winter garden, and a covered terrace was set up on the fifth floor by architect O.R. Munts. In 1918, the Directorate, the Board of Administration, and the Workers and Peasants’ Inspectorate of the Nikovaevskaya (from October 1923, Oktyabrskaya) Railway, were all located in the building, and in the early 1920s it housed the State Proletarian Hostel. Work on restoring the hotel began in 1928 (architect A.I. Gegello, V.M. Olenev). In 1930, it was opened again as the Oktyabrskaya (225 rooms). In 1939-40, the Oktyabrskaya was the residence of the Karelian-Finnish SSR Government headed by O.V. Kuusinen. From May 1942 to 1944, it served as a hospital for tram and trolleybus drivers, totalling 400 beds. From 6 February 1944 and until the liberation of Estonia from the Nazis, the Government of the Estonian SSR worked from the Oktyabrskaya. In 1960, the hotel was expanded at the expense of neighbouring bloc of apartment buildings (the number of rooms increased to 1300), and a restaurant was opened. In 1980, the Oktyabrskaya was again reconstructed (architect V.A. Pilanin), after which it had 680 rooms. Since 1977, the Oktyabrskaya has included two buildings. Building No. 1 (Moskovskaya, former Znamenskaya and Metropoliten Hotel) is located at 43-45 Ligovsky Avenue. The building was constructed in 1902-04 (architect G.S. Gavrilov), and was reconstructed in 1913 (engineer V.M. Orlov). In 1957, it was reconstructed once again, with 41 Ligovsky Avenue added to it; in 2002 it had 247 rooms. Building No. 2 (2/116, Vosstaniya Street) is the former Severnaya Hotel (Hermitage Hotel through 1932). The building was constructed in 1841 (architect A.P. Gemilian); in 1897, the fifth floor was added (architect P.I. Gilev). In 2002, the Oktyabrskaya had 563 rooms (not one of them was identical to another one). The Ploshad Vosstaniya metro station is located near the hotel and its other buildings.

Reference: Иванов В. А., Евланова А. О. Гостиница "Октябрьская" в истории Санкт-Петербурга. СПб., 2001.

I. A. Bogdanov.

Agayan Eduard Makarovich
Baranov Nikolay Nikolaevich
Belmondo Jean Paul
Evdokimov Sergey Ivanovich
Kovaleva Valentina Ivanovna
Panfilov Peter Filippovich
Rostropovich Mstislav Leopoldovich
Sagan Francoise
Schroder Gerhardt

Baltflota Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Korablestroiteley St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 14
Morskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city