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The subject index / Pavlovsk Vauxhall

Pavlovsk Vauxhall

Categories / Art/Music, Theatre/Theaters, Concert Organizations

PAVLOVSK VAUXHALL (Pavlovsk Kursaal), concert hall at the Pavlovsk Railway Station (1836, 1844, architects F.I. Rusca, A.I. Stakenschneider, 1861, architect A.V. Petzold), centre of St. Petersburg's concert life during the summer months of the 19th - early 20th centuries. Opening on 22 May 1838;, Pavlovsk Vauxhall featured performances by orchestras directed by Gungl Joseph and Gungl Johann, J. Strauss-son (1856-65 and 1869) and his brothers, B. Bilse, G. Mansfeld, and others. In 1875, a theatre was built at Pavlovsk Vauxhall (architect N.L. Benois; opened on 18 May 1876), where M.G. Savina, M.N. Ermolova, V.F. Komissarzhevskaya performed, among many others. A permanent Philharmonic Orchestra of Pavlovsk Vauxhall was established in the early 1880s. In 1892-1903, conductor N.V. Galkin held weekly Russian musical soirees, which helped popularise works by composers of the Moguchaya Kuchka (known in Europe as The Five, or The Mighty Handful). In the early 1900s, A.K. Glazunov, M.M. Ippolitov-Ivanov, and others conducted concerts there. In 1917, the Pavlovsk Orchestra and the Court Orchestra were integrated (from 1921, called the Symphony Orchestra of the Philharmonic Society). The theatre building burnt down in the 1930s, and the Pavlovsk Vauxhall was burnt down by German troops in the years of the Great Patriotic War. The musical pavilion of the Pavlovsk Railway Station houses an exhibition devoted to the musical life of the town.

References: Финдейзен Н. Ф. Павловский музыкальный вокзал: Ист. очерк: (К 75-му муз. сезону). СПб., 1912; Розанов А. С. Музыкальный Павловск. Л., 1978.

I. A. Bogdanov.

Benois Nikolay Leontievich
Bilse B.
Ermolova Mariya Nikolaevna
Galkin Nikolay Vladimirovich
Glazunov Alexander Konstantinovich
Ippolitov-Ivanov Mikhail Mikhailovich
Komissarzhevskaya Vera Fedorovna
Mansfeld G.
Petzold (Petzolt) Avgust Vasilievich
Rusca (Rusco) Franz Ivanovich
Savina Maria Gavrilovna
Stakensсhneider Andrey Ivanovich
Strauss Johann

Розанов А. С. Музыкальный Павловск. Л., 1978

Amusement Establishments (entry)

AMUSEMENT ESTABLISHMENTS. At the beginning of the 18th century the prototype of amusement establishments were "garden entertainments" with music and dances, were held in the Summer Garden

Concert Halls (entry)

CONCERT HALLS appeared in St. Petersburg in the late 18th century. Earlier, musicians arranged paid concerts in palaces of grandees, theatres, and taverns. The first documented series of public concerts refers to the concerts given by G

Pavlovsk, town

PAVLOVSK, a town (from 1796), municipal unit, and the centre of the Pavlovsky District on the Slavyanka River. Known as Slutsk in 1918-44. As of 2002, the population count was approximately 16,000 inhabitants

Strauss J. (1825-1899), composer

STRAUSS Johann (Junior) (1825-1899), Austrian composer, violinist and conductor. First rate master of the Viennese waltz. After his father's death in 1849, he toured through Europe with a concert and dance orchestra