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The subject index / Mariinskaya Municipal Hospital

Mariinskaya Municipal Hospital

Categories / Medicine. Public Health/Hospitals and Clinics

MARIINSKAYA Municipal Hospital (56 Liteiny Avenue) was founded in 1803 as a hospital for the poor. Before 1805 it was in the building of the Correctional House near the Kalinkin Bridge. The main building and wings were designed in the Empire style in 1803-05 (architect G. Quarenghi). In 1828 Mariinskaya Hospital was named in memory of the Empress Maria Fedorovna. In 1848 the building for the women’s ward was constructed (at 12 Mayakovskogo Street), which received the name of Alexandrinskaya Hospital in memory of the daughter of Emperor Nicholas I Alexandra who died of tuberculosis (from 1926 the building housed the Institute of Neurosurgery). In 1894 the Mariinskaya Hospital was given to the authority of the City Government; 3-year advanced training courses were established for doctors and from 1904 onwards women doctors also started to be accepted. From 1918, it was called the Hospital in Memory of Victims of the Revolution, and in 1935 it was named Kuybyshev Hospital (in 1992 the historical name was returned). In the 1960s new wings of Mariinskaya Hospital were erected. The Mariinskaya Hospital is used as the clinical basis of the State Pediatrical Medical Academy. It has 1,300 beds. In various years I.V. Buyalsky, K.K. Reyer, E.V. Pavlov, A.A. Troyanov, N.A. Velyaminov, V.G. Baranov and others worked at the hospital. A monument to Prince P.G. Oldenburg, who was in the head of the Council of Curators in 1839-81, was opened In front of the hospital building in 1889 (the monument was demolished in 1933; a cup with a snake was installed in its place).

References: Попов Г. И. Мариинская больница для бедных в С.-Петербурге, 1803-1903: Ист. очерк. СПб., 1905; Грекова Т. И., Голиков Ю. П. Медицинский Петербург. СПб., 2000. С. 338-343.

T. I. Grekova.

Alexandra Nikolaevna, Grand Princess
Baranov Vasily Gavrilovich
Buyalsky Ilya Vasilievich
Kuybyshev Valerian Vladimirovich
Maria Fedorovna, Empress
Nicholas I, Emperor
Oldenburgsky Peter (Konstantin Friedrich Peter) Georgievich, Prince
Pavlov Evgeny Vasilievich
Quarenghi Giacomo
Reyer Karl Karlovich
Troyanov Alexey Alexeevich
Velyaminov Nikolay Alexandrovich

Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 56

Попов Г. И. Мариинская больница для бедных в С.-Петербурге, 1803-1903: Ист. очерк. СПб., 1905
Голиков Ю. П., Грекова Т. И. Медицинский Петербург. СПб., 2001.


Hospitals (common)

HOSPITALS. The first hospital in St. Petersburg, the Kalinkinsky Hospital was founded as a police-correctional institution for "indecent women and girls" (1762)

Liteiny Avenue

LITEINY AVENUE [in 1918-44 - Volodarskogo Avenue, after revolutionary V. Volodarsky (1891-1918)], between Liteiny Bridge and Nevsky Prospect. In 1711, a foundry was founded at the beginning of future Liteiny Avenue; later, houses of craftsmen

Oldenburgsky Family

OLDENBURGSKY (v. Oldenburg), dukes and princes, the junior branch of a German landed estate. Several members of the family lived in Russia. George Ludwig Prince of Schleswig-Holstein (died 1763), Emperor Peter III"s uncle

Quarenghi G. (1744-1817), architect

QUARENGHI Giacomo (1744-1817), architect, representative of Neoclassicism. Native of Italy. From 1761 (according to the other data sources, from 1763) studied painting and architecture in Rome. At the end of 1779, he came to St