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The subject index / Solyanoy Settlement

Solyanoy Settlement

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Public Buildings and Edifices

SOLYANOY (SALT) SETTLEMENT, a complex of buildings in the central part of St. Petersburg on the ground between Fontanka River Embankment, Solyanoy Lane, Pestelya Street and Gangutskaya Street. From the 1710s, there was a private dockyard, from the 1780s - salt and wine storehouses constructed by architect F.I. Volkov (hence the name). From the dockyard complex the building of St. Panteleimon’s Church has survived. At the end of the 1860s, the buildings of the Solyanoy Settlement were altered for the All-Russian Industrial Exhibition of 1870. Then they housed Russia's largest cultural and educational centre that comprised of the Museum of Applied Knowledge and Pavilions of the Russian Technical Society (nowadays 2 Pestelya Street), the Agricultural Museum (nowadays 1 Gangutskaya Street; 1876-1879, architect I.S. Kitner, engineer O.E. Krell, S.B. Lukashevich), the Handicraft Museum (9 Solyanoy Lane; 1901-03, architect P.P. Trifanov). The eastern building was replaced by buildings of the Central School for Technical Drawing of Baron Stieglitz (13 Solyanoy Lane; 1878-81, architects A.I. Krakau, R.A. Gedike; currently the Mukhina Art Industrial Academy) and Museum of Decorative Applied Art (15 Solyanoy Lane; 1885-1896, architect M.E. Messmacher). Until October 1917, in Solyanoy Settlement, exhibitions, concerts, lectures, etc. were organised. In 1946-1952, the Museum of the Defence of Leningrad was located (2 Pestelya Street), which was recreated in 1989 as the Museum of the Defence and Siege of Leningrad.

References: Исаченко В. Г., Питанин В. Н. Возродить музейный комплекс // ЛП. 1990. № 8. С. 13-14; Куферштейн Е. З. Соляной городок // Петербургские чтения, 98-99. СПб., 1999. С. 81-83.

B. М. Kirikov.

Gedike Robert Andreevich
Kitner Ieronim Sevastianovich
Krakau Georg Alexander (Alexander Ivanovich)
Krell Otton Egorovich
Lukashevich S.B.
Messmacher Maximilian Egorovich
Mukhina Vera Ignatievna
Stieglitz Alexander Ludwigovich, Baron
Trifanov Peter Pavlovich
Volkov Fedor Ivanovich

Fontanka River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city
Gangutskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Gangutskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 1
Pestelya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 2
Pestelya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Solyanoy Lane/Saint Petersburg, city, house 9
Solyanoy Lane/Saint Petersburg, city
Solyanoy Lane/Saint Petersburg, city, house 13
Solyanoy Lane/Saint Petersburg, city, house 15

Исаченко В. Г., Питанин В. Н. Возродить музейный комплекс // Ленингр. панорама, 1990
Куферштейн Е. З. Соляной городок // Петербургские чтения, 98 - 99. СПб., 1999

The subject Index
Particulyarnaya Shipyard
St. Panteleimon Church
Leningrad Defence and Blockade Museum



CINEMA. The first Russian cinema show was held on 4 May 1896 at Aquarium, a St. Petersburg entertainment venue, showing the Brothers Lumiere's program of films

Fontanka, river

FONTANKA (known as Bezymyanny Erik until 1712-14), river, a branch in the Neva river delta, which crosses the central part of the city. The river flows from the Neva on the left, beside the Summer Garden

Industrial Exhibitions (entry)

INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITIONS, organised by the government from the 1820s, intended to boost the national industry, interior and foreign trade, under the jurisdiction of the Trade and Manufactory Department of the Ministry of Finance

Kitner I.S., (1839-1929), architect

KITNER Ieronim Sevastyanovich (1839, St. Petersburg - 1929), architect, member of the Academy of Architecture (1867), honorary member of Academy of Fine Arts (1911)

Military Industrial Committees

MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMMITTEES (VPK), public administration for military and economic regulation, established during the First World War of 1914-18 for the mobilisation of private enterprises to producing military goods

Muessar's Mondays

MUESSAR'S MONDAYS (until 1912 The Society for Supporting Artists' Families), a charitable society of artists, patrons of the arts and arts lovers. It was established in 1881 on the initiative of the Privy Counsellor E.I. Muessar

Music Societies and Circles (general)

MUSICAL SOCIETIES AND CIRCLES, official associations of music lovers with their own charters and rights to hold public concerts and other activities. There were two associations founded in the last third of the 18th century: the Music Club (1772-77)

Particulyarnaya Shipyard

PARTICULYARNAYA SHIPYARD (civil shipyard)(1st Nevskaya Shipyard), built by architects G. Mattarnovi, N. Gerbel, and D. Trezzini on the left bank of the Fontanka opposite the Summer Gardens in 1715-22

Pestelya Street

PESTELYA STREET known as Panteleimonovskaya Street until 1923, between Fontanka River Embankment and Radishcheva Square. The street was named after P. I. Pestel

Platonova Y.F., (1841-1892), singer

PLATONOVA (nee Garder; married Tvaneva) Yulia Fedorovna (1841-1892, St. Petersburg), opera singer (lyric drama soprano), chamber singer. Studied singing under Postel, Director of the Mitavsky Musical Society

Political Parties (entry)

POLITICAL PARTIES, groups of people united by political opinions and goals fixed in party documents; possessing certain membership requirements, internal structure and types of activities stated in the regulations; relying on a certain social base

Restoration Workshops and Organizations

RESTORATION WORKSHOPS AND ORGANIZATIONS. Restoration work in St. Petersburg has developed since the end of the 19th century. The reconstruction of historical and cultural monuments was first considered by the Imperial Archaeological Commission

Russian Technical Society

RUSSIAN TECHNICAL SOCIETY, the leading scientific and technical society of Russia founded in St. Petersburg in 1866 in order to contribute to the development of domestic technology and industry

Solyanoy Lane

SOLYANOY LANE, from Tchaikovskogo Street to Pestelya Street. In the first quarter of the 18th century, a canal was located here which enclosed the area of the Partikulyarnaya (Civil) Shipyard. In the 1730s St

Starinny (Old) Theatre

STARINNY (OLD) THEATRE, drama theatre. Functioned in the season of 1907/08 at Kononovsky Hall, 61 Moika River Embankment (today the University for Telecommunication), and 1911/12 in the exhibition halls of Solyanoy Settlement, 9b Solyanoy Lane

Trepov F.F. the Chief of the Police in 1866-78

TREPOV Fedor Fedorovich (1809-1889, St. Petersburg), statesman, cavalry general (1878), adjutant-general (1867). The father of D.F. Trepov. In 1826-27 he studied at the Central Engineering school in St. Petersburg

Volkov F.I. (1754-1803), architect

VOLKOV Fedor Ivanovich (1754 - 1803, St. Petersburg), architect, academy member (1794), professor and Assistant Rector (1796) of the Academy of Fine Arts. Graduated from the Academy of Fine arts in 1772, continued his education in Italy and France