Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
The subject index / Senate and Synod Buildings

Senate and Synod Buildings

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Public Buildings and Edifices

SENATE AND SYNOD BUILDINGS (1 and 3 Decabristov Square), architectural monuments of the late Neoclassical. This ground on the embankment of the Neva River was owned by A.D. Menshikov from the early 18th century, then by A.I. Osterman from 1744 - by A. P. Bestuzhev-Ryumin, whose house in 1763 was adjusted by architect A.F. Wist to accommodate the Senate. In 1780-90, the building was reconstructed (architect thought to be I. E. Starov). In 1829-36, the total reconstruction of the old Senate building and neighbouring house of Kusovnikova was executed following architectural plans drawn up by architect K.I. Rossi (work was carried out under the guidance of architect A. E. Shtaubert), after that the buildings were occupied by the Governmental Senate (building No.1) and Holy Synod (building No.3). Two architecturally identical buildings, whose facades are marked with eight Corinthian columned porticoes, loggias, granite staircases and ramps, are united with a rich plastered triumphal arch, spanning Galernaya Street. The decor of the facade of the double-lighted Senate Church of St. Alexander Nevsky (1832-1834, architect Shtaubert), located at the corner of Decabristov Square and Angliiskaya Embankment, strikes - the round corner of the building is elaborated with a colonnade. Sculptors N.S. and S.S. Pimenov, V.I. Demut-Malinovsky, P.P. Sokolov, N.A. Tokarev, I. Leppe, N.A. Ustinov, P.V. Svintsov took part in the creation of the sculptural decor; painters B. Medici, F. Richter, A.I. Solovyev, V.G. Shiryaev and others executed the interior decoration. The Russian State Historical Archives (RGIA) based on the Senate and Synod archives is located in the building.

References: Вайнштейн А. Л., Павлова В. П., Люлина Р. Д. Здания Центрального государственного архива СССР (бывшее Сената и Синода) как архитектурный и исторический памятник // Проблемы архивоведения и истории архивных учреждений: Материалы юбил. науч. конф. архивистов Ленинграда. Л., 1970. С. 242-254. См. также Лит. при ст. Росси К. А.

V. A. Frolov.

Bestuzhev-Ryumin Alexey Petrovich, Count
Demut-Malinovsky Vasily Ivanovich
Kusovnikova А.
Leppe Ivan
Medici Barnaba (Varnava Iosifovich)
Menshikov Alexander Danilovich, Gracious Prince
Osterman Andrey Ivanovich (Heinrich Johann Friedrich), Count
Pimenov Nikolay Stepanovich
Pimenov Stepan Stepanovich
Richter Friedrich
Rossi Carl Ivanovich (Carlo Giovanni)
Shiryaev Vasily Grigorievich
Shtaubert Alexander Egorovich
Sokolov Pavel Petrovich
Solovyev Alexander Ivanovich
Starov Ivan Egorovich
Svintsov Peter Vasilievich
Tokarev Nikolay Andreevich
Ustinov Nikolay Andreevich
Wist Alexander Franzevich

Dekabristov Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 1
Dekabristov Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 3

Вайнштейн А. Л., Павлова В. П., Люлина Р. Д. Здания Центрального государственного архива СССР (бывш. Сената и Синода) как архитектурный и исторический памятник // Проблемы архивоведения и истории архивных учреждений: Материалы юбил. науч. конф. архивистов Ленинграда. Л., 1970
см. также Лит. при ст. Росси К. А.

The subject Index
Russian Historical Archive


Admiralteisky District

ADMIRALTEISKY DISTRICT, (Admiralty) an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg (Its territory administration is located at 10 Izmailovsky Avenue), is one of the central districts of the city

Angliiskaya Embankment

ANGLIISKAYA EMBANKMENT, from 1738 - Beregovaya Nizhnaya Embankment Street, in the mid-to-late 18th century - Isaakievskaya Embankment, Galernaya Embankment, and Anglinskaya Embankment, from 1800s - Angliiskaya Embankment

Bird Charles, (1766-1843), engineer, entrepreneur

BIRD Karl Nikolaevich (Charles) (1766-1843, St. Petersburg), engineer and entrepreneur. A native of Scotland, he lived in Russia from 1786, serving as an assistant to K. K. Gascoigne at Alexandrovsky Gun Works in Petrozavodsk until he moved to St

Bolshaya Neva

BOLSHAYA NEVA, the largest left branch of the the Neva river delta; a continuation of the Neva River below the Dvortsovaya Bridge. The Bolshaya Neva flows into the Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland, in the area surrounded by Vasilievsky Island

Dekabristov Square

DEKABRISTOV SQUARE (prior to 1925, also called Senatskaya, Petrovskaya), is situated between Admiralteyskaya Embankment and St. Isaac Square. It appeared at the beginning of the 18th century west of the outer bank of Admiralty Fortress;

Demut-Malinovsky V.I., (1779-1846), sculptor

DEMUT-MALINOVSKY Vasily Ivanovich (1779 - 1846, St. Petersburg), sculptor. Studied at the Academy of Arts (1785-1800) under M.I. Kozlovsky, and received a retainer from the Academy of Arts to study in Rome (1803-06)

General Plans for the Development of Petersburg-Leningrad

GENERAL PLANS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PETERSBURG-LENINGRAD. One the first projects of St. Petersburg planning dates back to 1709-12. According to it, the city centre should be situated at Kotlin Island and was to be connected to outer parts of the

Jacot P., (1798-1860), architect.

JACOT Pavel Petrovich (1798-1860), architect and builder, representative of the late Neoclassicism. Native of France, he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Paris (1812-21) under the supervision of Debreu and L.I. Leba. In 1822 he came to St

Kvasov A.V., architect

KVASOV Andrey Vasilyevich (circa 1718, St. Petersburg - after 1777), architect, master of Baroque. Brother of Alexey V. Kvasov. He studied at the Construction Office under the guidance of architect M.G. Zemtsov

Public Lavatory

PUBLIC LAVATORY. Since the early 18th century, primitive latrines were arranged on the territory of gostiny dvors, markets, ports, and along river and canal banks

Rossi C.I. (1775-1849), architect

ROSSI Carl Ivanovich (Carlo Giovanni) (1775-1849, St. Petersburg), architect. The son of the court ballerina G. Lepik. Graduated from the Peterschule in St. Petersburg, apprenticed architecture with V

Russian Historical Archive

RUSSIAN HISTORICAL ARCHIVE, STATE (RSHA) (4 Angliiskaya Embankment) was founded in 1925 as the Leningrad Historical Archive. In 1929-34, it became Leningrad Department of the Central Historical Archive


SENATE (The Ruling Senate) was the highest state institution of the Russian Empire. It was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 22 February 1711 as the highest organ of legislation, administration and judiciary

State Assembly

STATE ASSEMBLY was the highest advisory (from 1906, legislative) body in the Russian Empire. It was established by a Decree on 30 March 1801, and transformed on 1 January 1810


SYNOD (Apostolic Governing Synod), the highest collective organ of government of the Russian Orthodox Church, legislative and deliberative body, administrative and judicial institution