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The subject index / Kalinkin Bridges

Kalinkin Bridges

Categories / Architecture/Bridges

KALINKIN BRIDGES (Kalinkinsky Bridges), three bridges in the surroundings of a Finnish village Kalyola or Kallina (in the Russian manner Kalinkina), which existed in the 17th-19th centuries in the lower reaches of the Fontanka River. The Malo-Kalinkin Bridge over Griboedova Canal at the Fontanka River Embankment was built around 1783 (engineer I. N. Boris) as a wooden three-span bridge (the central pivoting span was replaced in the second half of the 19th century), with rough-hewn stone piers faced with granite. In 1907-08, the bridge was extended, the timber beams replaced with metal ones. In 1952 and 1970, the torch lamps (architect A. K. Rotach) and obelisks on the piers were restored. Length: 27.7 metres, width: 16.2 metres. Novo-Kalinkin Bridge over Obvodnoy Canal, on Staro-Petergofsky (Old Peterhof) Avenue was built in 1834-36 (engineer P.P. Bazen, Y. Sedov). In 1876, it was rebuilt as a three-span bridge, with timber decks, cast-iron column piers, brick abutments faced with granite. It was fitted with cast-iron banisters, with elegant patterns, and torch lamps. In 1929-30, the bridge was rebuilt as a reinforced concrete single-span opening spandrel arch bridge (engineers O.Е. Bugaeva, B.D. Vasilyev) with concrete parapets. In 1996-98, sidewalks were extended, the drive way was replaced with a solid reinforced concrete slab, banister railing and lamps were installed, and the piers repaired (engineer А.А. Zhurbin). Length is approximately 34 metres, width: 22.1 metres. Staro-Kalinkin Bridge, over the Fontanka River, on Staro-Petergofsky Avenue, was built in 1786-87 (engineer P.K. Suchtelen, I.K. Gerard) as a three-span stone bridge at the site of a wooden one, which existed in 1737. In 1892-93, the opening span was replaced with a brick arched vault with granite arches on the facade (architect М.I. Ryllo). In 1907-08, the bridge was repeatedly extended with granite vaults from the upper and lower sides. The granite towers and pier parapets have been preserved. In 1965, the granite obelisks with lanterns, the benches on the abutments and the parapets between the driveway and sidewalks were restored (architect I.N. Benois). In 1986-87, the lanterns and memorial plaques on the towers were reconstructed (architect V.M. Ivanov). Length: 65.6 metres, width: 30 metres.

D. Y. Guzevich, S. Z. Suponitsky, N. M. Kozlovskaya.

Bazen Peter Petrovich
Benois Irina Nikolaevna
Borisov Ivan Nikiforovich
Bugaeva O.E.
Gerard Ivan (Johann Konrad) Kondratievich
Ivanov Vladimir (Vadim) Mikhailovich
Rotach Alexander Lukich
Ryllo Mikhail Ivanovich
Sedov Ya.
Suchtelen Peter Kornilovich (Jan Piter)
Vasilyev Boris Dmitrievich
Zhurbin A.A.

Fontanka River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city
Staro-Petergofsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city