Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
Entries / 1941


Categories / Tsarskoe Selo and town of Pushkin. The digital chronological reference book/Chronicle of three centuries/1926 - 1950

March. The former study of A.S. Pushkin, in the house of Kitayev, was vacated from tenants and the appartment-museum of the poet was opened in it according to the decision of the Executive Committee of Pushkin Town.

22 June. The Great Patriotic War was began.
Military - political headquaretrs for the town defence under the direction of F.I. Babaikin, a secretary of the district committee of VKP(b), was organized, the mobilization was began.

27 June. The Leningrad Executive Committee adopted the decision about the involving of all able-bodied citizens, from 16 to 50 -year- old men and from 16 to 50 -year-old women, for the working duty, working units for the digging of trenches and the anti-aircraft defence detachments were formed in the all organization of Pushkin Town.

30 June. The evacuation commission was organized at the Pushkin Executive Committee, this commission implemented the evacuation of town dwellers ( more than 20000 men were evacuated from the Pushkin District in all), industrial works, institutes, palace-museums of Pushkin Town ( 17870 museum articles were removed from 30 June untill 22 August).

The end of June. The NKVD administration (People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs) of the Leningrad region and Leningrad raised the 76th and 77th destroyer battalions of NKVD, under the command of NKVD Lieutenant N.M. Muzychenko and Border Guards Captain V.E. Lomakin (420 soldiers in all), for detaining the spies and saboteurs at town streets.

5 July. Recruiment commission began to select the volunteers for the Home Guards detachments. The 2nd rifle battalion having numbers about 800 soldiers, under the command of Reserve Captain S.P. Borisov, a worker of the military recruiment office, was included in the 2nd Home Guards division of Leningrad. 3043 men were conscripted and took part in the battle of Leningrad and at other fronts in the first war months.

Pushkin Town gave more than 4000 warriors in all for the front.

23 July. The Pushkin Town partisan detachment was organized in number 60 men. I.V. Emelyanov, a deputy chairman of the Pushkin Town Executive Committee, was appointed as a commander.

7 August. By this date, at the line Antropshino-Kobralovo-Shushary-Aleksandrovskaya having 10 kilometres long, the anti-tank ditches of 6100 metres long were dug, 820 places for anti-tank obstacles were prepared, 10 pits for the anti-tank emplacements were dug, 11 anti-gas shelters were constructed and hundreds of anti-aircraft defence headquarters were formed.

12 August. In Moskovskaya Slavyanka settlement the 261st OPAB battalion was formed from the volunteers of the Kyibyshev district of Leningrad, this battalion, together with the 168th infantry division under the command of Colonel A.L. Bondarev, stood firm at the defence line Pushkin-Slutsk-Fyodorovskoye - Antropshino. Bondarev, the commander of the division, was awarded the Order of Red Banner for courage and bravery that were showed by him during the battle of Leningrad.

August – September. The editorial office of the newspaper of the 1st Kirov Home Guards division was placed at the former house of the writer A.N. Tolstoy in Proletarskaya Street, about 30 Leningrad writers, so- called "writer platoont", were employees of this editorial office.

3-17 September. The Repair-Mechanics Plant was evacuated into Leningrad where the workers of this plant repaired the military machinery, including the manufacturing of the chassis to the legendary rocket launcher "Katyusha", during the seige of Leningrad.

10 September. The 237th infantry division was concentrated in Pushkin Town for the battle with the enemy units: the 296th infantry division and SS division "Polizei" .

12 September. The enemy offencive began in the direction of Slutsk-Kolpino.

14 September. The central part of the Pushkin Town - Gostiny Dvor, the Executive Committee building, Cathedral Square - was subjected to the intensive artillery fire.

15 September. The 76th and 77th destroyer batallions were united into the 77th combined destroyer batallion uder the command of I.A. Yakovlev, head of the Pushkin Town police station, according to the order of NKVD of Leningrad.

The Aleksandrovskaya Station was captured by the 269th infantry division and SS division "Polizei".

16 September. The troops of the 55th Army leaved Pushkin Town and Slutsk Town, in the view of the encirclement threat, and retreated at the line Bilshoye Kuzmino, Shushary, Moskovskaya Slavyanka, sovkhoz "Detskoselsky", our troops were at these positions for the all time of the siege.

17 September. The occupation of Pushkin Town was began.

September. The German administration registered all population at the occupied territory. The part of the man population of Pushkin Town was moved into the concentration camp in Gatchina.

September - October. The massacre of jewish people of Pushkin Town, 800 jewish people were executed by shooting in the Alexander Park, was organized by the Nazi invaders. Communists, members of Komsomol (the Young Communist League) were executed by hanging (gallows was placed at the corner of Moskovskaya Street and Konyushennaya Street, lamps on Sadovaya Street and Oktyabrsky Boulevard were used too).

During the occupation 9514 people starved to death, 6268 people were executed by shooting, 1105 people were hung, 1214 people died after tortures, 17968 people were taken out for concentration camps and Nazi hard labour.

Babaykin, F.I.
Bondarev, A.L.
Lomakin, V.Ye.
Muzychenko, I.M.
Yakovlev, I.A.
Yemelyanov, I.V.

Konyushennaya Street/Pushkin, town
Moskovskaya Street/Pushkin, town
Oktyabrsky Boulevard/Pushkin, town
Sadovaya Street/Pushkin, town