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Entries / The Tsarskoye Selo Palace Hospital

The Tsarskoye Selo Palace Hospital

Categories / Tsarskoe Selo and town of Pushkin. The digital chronological reference book/Monuments of history and culture

The Tsarskoye Selo Palace Hospital included two charity establishments: a hospital and alms-house, both supported for the money of the Palace Board since the time of Catherine I. The hospital was placed in this place, originally located near Torgovaya (Trade) Square at the entry into Tsarskoye Selo from Moscow Road, according to the order of Alexander I of 23 October 1808. One-storied wooden building of the hospital with the Church of the Consolation of all the Afficted, alms-houses, chemist's shops, gardens for men and women departments, the fence around the hospital complex were built during 1809-1817 to the design of the architect V.I. Geste.
On 21 July 1844 Nicholas I approved the design of new stone buildings for the hospital instead of outmoded wooden ones, that was developed by the architect D.Ye. Yefimov. The construction works were being done from 1844 until 1852 under the direction of the architect N.S. Nikitin. Hospital buildings have survived until present time. The main building of the hospital and detached buildings of the alms-house, chemist’s house, dwelling house for hospital workers, wash-house, chapel were surrounded with a fence and garden laid out on the base of the old hospital gardens by the gardener V. Miller. The consecration of the hospital church in the name of the icon of the Mother of God “Consolation of All Who Sorrow” took place on 28 September 1852. The court surgeon F.F. Zhukovsko-Volynsky 1804-1879) worked as the head physician of the hospital. Considerable works on modernization and re-equipment of the hospital were done from the late 19th century to the early 20th century to the designs of A.F. Vidov, A.R. Bach, S.A. Danini with the participation of doctors A.F. Gaaze, Ye.S. Botkin. The female-surgeon Princess V.I. Gedroits worked here according to the will of Empress Alexandra Fiodorovna. An outpatients department and admission room were built to the main building in 1908-1914 to the design of architect Danini. The hospital church of the Consolation of all the Afficted was enlarged, the cave-temple of Sts. Constantine and Helen, Equal-to-the-Apostles with separate entrance was placed in the new annex. In 1911-1913 Danini built a pavilion for infectious patients. In this pavilion during World War I there was a department for officers for thirty bunks of the Own Hospital No. 3 which was established for wounded men for personal savings of the empress. The Own hospital department for lower ranks for 200 people occupied the upper floor in the main building of the hospital. Sisters Romanov worked at this hospital until the arrest in February 1917. Empress Alexandra Fiodorovna was a scrub nurse, she assisted to the surgeon V.I. Gedroits and herself did bandaging. Her elder daughters Grand Duchesses Olga Nikolayevna and Tatiana Nikolayevna worked side by side of the mother. Now the N.A. Semashko Town Hospital No. 38 of the Health Protection Committee of Saint Petersburg is placed here.

Semenova Galina Victorovna

Alexander I, Emperor
Alexandra Fedorovna, Empress
Bach Alexander Romanovich
Botkin Evgeny Sergeevich
Catherine I, Empress
Danini Silvio Amvrosievich
Efimov Dmitry Egorovich
Gedroits, Vera Ignatyevna, princess
Hastie Vasily Ivanovich (William)
Nicholas I, Emperor
Nikitin, N.S.
Olga Nikolaevna, Grand Princess
Tatyana Nikolaevna, Grand Princess
Vidov Alexander Fomich
Zhukovsko-Volynsky, F.F.
Zhukovsko-Volynsky, F.F.
Zhukovsko-Volynsky, F.F.

Gospitalnaya Street/Pushkin, town, house 7


9 March. The Emperor Decree about "constructing the one floor building of the almshouse with hospital having the church in the turn of Moskovskaya Street" (it was the beginning of the future complex of the Palace hospital, now the hospital no
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


Architect I.A. Monighetti constructed the Turkish Bath pavilion in the commemoration of the Russian victory in the Russo-Turkish war of 1828-1829. 16 October
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


19 January. In the Alexander Palace Nicholas II received the workers deputation after the incident "Bloody Sunday" on 9 January in Petersburg. 50 000 roubles were assigned for the families of suffered men, this was told during the meeting.
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


4 March. On N.S. Gumilyov's initiative I.F. Annensky was acquainted with the critic S.K. Makovsky and the poet M.A. Voloshin in the flat of I.F. Annensky in Sophia Town
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


17 January. In the Alexander Palace, Crown Prince of Serbia Alexander was received. 3 February. In the Alexander Palace, Nicholas II received Maurice Paleologue, the new French ambassador, and all members of the French Embassy. 24 June
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


January. In Tsarskoye Selo, the Town Duma, Zemstvo and Menshevik Soviet were dissolved. N.I. Tatarintsev became the head of the new Bolshevik Soviet, this Soviet was declared as the only power in Tsarskoye Selo. 15 January
Source: Tsarskoe Selo