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Entries / Zhukovsky V.A. (1783-1852), poet

Zhukovsky V.A. (1783-1852), poet

Categories / Literature. Book Publishing/Personalia
Categories / Tsarskoe Selo and town of Pushkin. The digital chronological reference book/Pushkin personality

ZHUKOVSKY Vasily Andreevich (1783-1852), poet, translator, member of the Russian Academy (1818), member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1841; honorary member from 1827), privy counsellor (1841). Graduated from Noble Boarding School of Moscow University (1800). For the first time came to St. Petersburg in 1796, lived here intermittently and served at the court in 1815-41. From 1826 he was a tutor to the crown Prince, the future Emperor Alexander II. From 1841 in retirement, lived in Germany. In St. Petersburg many original works by Zhukovsky and his translations were published (including five collections of Poems, 1815-57), that (mainly, ballads, elegies, idylls, military patriotic lyrics) that played crucial role in the development of Russian Romanticism as a national literary phenomenon. From the middle of the 1810s Zhukovsky was a central figure of St. Petersburg literary life. A member of Arzamas. Petersburg flats of Zhukovsky are (1818-19: the house of Bragin in Kolomna, today 43 Rimskogo-Korsakova Avenue, here his literary Saturdays took place; 1820: the Anichkov Palace; 1822-26: the House of Menshikov, 64 Nevsky Prospect; 1827-40: Shepelevsky House, Millionnaya Street, the lot of building 35, on the site of the modern New Hermitage) were attended by the cream of literary St. Petersburg. Zhukovsky took an active part in the lives of many writers and poets: A.S.Pushkin (to whom Zhukovsky was a lose friend and later an executor of his will), E.A. Baratynsky, A.I. Herzen, T.G. Shevchenko, et al. He sketched drawing and set engraving of the sights of St. Petersburg outskirts (some of them were published in an album of 1823, twelve were included in the book by P. Storh The Guidebook around the Garden and the Town of Pavlovsk, 1843), and a number of poems featuring romantic descriptions of St. Petersburg suburban landscapes. (Slav Woman, 1815, etc.) Died in Baden-Baden (Germany), buried at Necropolis of Art Masters. There is a bust to Zhukovsky in the Alexander Garden (1887, sculptor V.P. Creitan). From 1902 the former Malaya Italyanskaya Street has been named after Zhukovsky.

References: Иезуитова Р. В. Жуковский в Петербурге. Л., 1976; В. А. Жуковский в воспоминаниях современников. М., 1999.

D. N. Cherdakov.

Alexander II, Emperor
Baratynsky Evgeny Abramovich
Creitan (Cretan) P.
Herzen Alexander Ivanovich
Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich
Shevchenko Taras Grigorievich
Zhukovsky Vasily Andreevich

Millionnaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 35
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city, house 64
Rimsky-Korsakov Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 43
Zhukovskogo Street/Saint Petersburg, city

Иезуитова Р. В. Жуковский в Петербурге. Л., 1976

The subject Index
Russian Academy of Sciences
Arzamas, Literary Circle
Necropolis of Artists