Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
Entries / Oktyabrskaya Hotel

Oktyabrskaya Hotel

Categories / City Services/Housing and Communal Services

OKTYABRSKAYA HOTEL (until the 1890s, Znamenskaya Hotel, then through 1918, Bolshaya Severnaya Hotel; 10 Ligovsky Ave). The main building (118 Nevsky Prospect) was constructed at the same time as the Moscow Railway Station (architect N.E. Tfimov). The building opposite the railway station was built in 1847-57 (architect A.P. Gemilian). Hotel guests included Shamil in 1859, M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin in September 1863, and D.V. Karakozov, who plotted an attempt on Emperor Alexander II, in April, 1866. In 1871, the facades were reconstructed (architect Y.I. Gubanov); in 1880 I.I. Klimov supervised a general development project on the building (which was turned into a 5-story structure with an attic and added rooms). In 1896, the 6th floor was added by architect A.S. Khrenov. By the late 19th century, there were 197 rooms in the hotel. In 1906, L.V. Sobinov stayed there. In 1910-12, the fourth floor was added over the winter garden, and a covered terrace was set up on the fifth floor by architect O.R. Munts. In 1918, the Directorate, the Board of Administration, and the Workers and Peasants’ Inspectorate of the Nikovaevskaya (from October 1923, Oktyabrskaya) Railway, were all located in the building, and in the early 1920s it housed the State Proletarian Hostel. Work on restoring the hotel began in 1928 (architect A.I. Gegello, V.M. Olenev). In 1930, it was opened again as the Oktyabrskaya (225 rooms). In 1939-40, the Oktyabrskaya was the residence of the Karelian-Finnish SSR Government headed by O.V. Kuusinen. From May 1942 to 1944, it served as a hospital for tram and trolleybus drivers, totalling 400 beds. From 6 February 1944 and until the liberation of Estonia from the Nazis, the Government of the Estonian SSR worked from the Oktyabrskaya. In 1960, the hotel was expanded at the expense of neighbouring bloc of apartment buildings (the number of rooms increased to 1300), and a restaurant was opened. In 1980, the Oktyabrskaya was again reconstructed (architect V.A. Pilanin), after which it had 680 rooms. Since 1977, the Oktyabrskaya has included two buildings. Building No. 1 (Moskovskaya, former Znamenskaya and Metropoliten Hotel) is located at 43-45 Ligovsky Avenue. The building was constructed in 1902-04 (architect G.S. Gavrilov), and was reconstructed in 1913 (engineer V.M. Orlov). In 1957, it was reconstructed once again, with 41 Ligovsky Avenue added to it; in 2002 it had 247 rooms. Building No. 2 (2/116, Vosstaniya Street) is the former Severnaya Hotel (Hermitage Hotel through 1932). The building was constructed in 1841 (architect A.P. Gemilian); in 1897, the fifth floor was added (architect P.I. Gilev). In 2002, the Oktyabrskaya had 563 rooms (not one of them was identical to another one). The Ploshad Vosstaniya metro station is located near the hotel and its other buildings.

Reference: Иванов В. А., Евланова А. О. Гостиница "Октябрьская" в истории Санкт-Петербурга. СПб., 2001.

I. A. Bogdanov.

Agayan Eduard Makarovich
Baranov Nikolay Nikolaevich
Belmondo Jean Paul
Evdokimov Sergey Ivanovich
Kovaleva Valentina Ivanovna
Panfilov Peter Filippovich
Rostropovich Mstislav Leopoldovich
Sagan Francoise
Schroder Gerhardt

Baltflota Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Korablestroiteley St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 14
Morskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city


Contemporary Architecture

CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE. A rejection of standard and typical styles used for mass residential blocs from the Soviet period; an attempt to enrich the range of expression

Evdokimov S.I. (1911-1972), architect.

EVDOKIMOV Sergey Ivanovich (1911, St. Peterburg - 1972, Leningrad), architect, architect emeritus of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1970). He graduated from the Leningrad College of Engineering and Urban Planning (1934)


HARBOUR is an area in the western part of Vasilievsky Island. Soon after the foundation of St. Petersburg, earthworks and the artillery battery were put up here to protect the entrance to the Bolshaya Neva River

Morskaya Embankment

MORSKAYA EMBANKMENT goes along the aggraded shore of the Gulf of Finland from the square in front of the Pribaltiyskaya Hotel to Nalichnaya Street (the name was given in 1972)

Vasileostrovsky District

VASILEOSTROVSKY DISTRICT is an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg. (Its territory administration is located at 55 Bolshoy Avenue of Vasilievsky Island) Its present-day borders were formed in 1917 (the western part was a separate

Vasilievsky Island

VASILIEVSKY ISLAND, the largest island in the estuary of the Neva 1,090 hectares in area. The island is washed by the Bolshaya Neva in the south and the Malaya Neva in the northeast