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Entries / Kirov S.M. the 1st secretary of the regional party committee in 1926-34

Kirov S.M. the 1st secretary of the regional party committee in 1926-34


Categories / City Administration/Personalia
Categories / Social Life/Personalia
Categories / Tsarskoe Selo and town of Pushkin. The digital chronological reference book/Pushkin personality

KIROV (born Kostrikov) Sergey Mironovich (1886-1934, Leningrad), statesman and party worker. He graduated from Kazan Elementary Mechanical-technical School (1904). Since 1904 a member of Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, in 1907-08 served a prison sentence. Since 1909 Kirov had been working in Vladikavkaz for Terek newspaper. In 1917 he supported the policy of the Provisional government. The delegate of the 2nd All-Russian Soviet congress in Petrograd (October of 1917); he changed sides for Bolsheviks. Kirov took part in the establishment of the Soviet system in the Northern Caucasus, Astrakhan, Azerbaijan (1918-20). In 1921-26 the 1st secretary of the Central Committee of Azerbaijan Communist Party (bolshevist). Since 1923, a member of the Central Committee of All-Union Communist Party (bolshevist), since 1926, candidate member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of All-Union Communist Party (bolshevist), since 1930, a member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of All-Union Communist Party (bolshevist). In January of 1926 Kirov arrived at Leningrad together with a group of the delegates of the 14th Congress of All-Union Communist Party (bolshevist) to dispute against G.E. Zinovyev's adherents (see also New opposition), in the same year he was elected the 1st secretary of Leningrad provincial party committee (the regional party committee since 1927) of All-Union Communist Party (bolshevist). In the meantime, since 1931 he was the 1st secretary of Leningrad city party committee of All-Union Communist Party (bolshevist), in 1934, a secretary of the Central Committee of All-Union Communist Party (bolshevist). He was directly in charge of so-called purges of Leningrad party organization from Zinovyev's supporters, as well as of campaigns of clearing Leningrad from "alien elements" (noblemen, clergymen etc. ), and of repressions against them; he was also involved in the fabrication of Academics' Case. In 1926-34 he lived at 26-28 Kamennoostrovsky Avenue (memorial plaque; since 1957 a museum has been established in his apartment). On December 1, 1934 he was killed in Smolny by L.V. Nikolaev on personal motives (according to the official version). Kirov was buried on the Red square in Moscow. I.V. Stalin used his murder as an excuse for introducing mass repressions (see Kirov flow). Soviet propaganda for many decades had been implanting the myth of "Mironych" being a caring and humane leader, the friend of common Leningraders. After 1934, the name of Kirov was given to a number of sites in Leningrad, including an avenue (today Kamennoostrovsky), a bridge (today Troitsky), the Central Park of Recreation and Culture. In present-day St. Petersburg we can find Kirovsky District, Kirovskaya Square; the latter featuring a monument to Kirov established in 1938 (sculptor N.V. Tomsky, architect N.A. Trotsky); Kirovskaya Street, Kirovsky Zavod metro station.

References: Кирилина А. А. Неизвестный Киров. М., 2001.

A. Y. Chistyakov.

Persons
Kirov (real name Kostrikov) Sergey Mironovich
Kostrikov (see S.M. Kirov)
Stalin (real name Dzhugashvili) Iosif Vissarionovich
Tomsky Nikolay Vasilievich
Trotsky Noy Abramovich
Zinovyev Grigory Evseevich

Addresses
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 28
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 26
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city
Kirovskaya Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Kirovskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Кирилина А. А. Неизвестный Киров. М., 2001

The subject Index
Provisional Government of 1917
New Opposition
Academics' Case
Smolny Architectural Ensemble
Kirovsky Stream
Kirovsky Plant

Chronograph
1926
1934