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Entries / Cavalier Guards Regiment

Cavalier Guards Regiment


Categories / Army. Navy/Garrison

CAVALIER GUARDS REGIMENT, Guards Cuirassier Regiment, formed in St. Petersburg on 11 January 1800 from the Cavalier Guards Corps, which existed intermittently from 1724 through 1797. Participated in the wars with France in 1805 (particularly distinguished itself in the battle by Austerlitz), 1806-07 and 1812-14, and in suppressing of the Polish Revolt of 1830-31. In WW I of 1914-18 the regiment was dispatched to the North-Western front as part of the 1st Guards Cavalry Division. In early 1918 it was disbanded. Cavalier-Guards Regiment was considered one of the most privileged guards regiments, and was a constant participant in all ceremonies at court and in the capital. Its officers stemmed as a rule from wealthy and noble families. The service in the Cavalier Guards Regiment often created favourable prerequisites for a successful military and civil career. In the first quarter of the 19th century quite a number of officers of the regiment were members of secret Decembrist societies. On formation the Cavalier Guards Regiment was stationed in the so called Baurov House (now an area by 2 Konnogvardeysky Lane), afterwards in the former Reserve Court of the Palace Management. Architect L. Rusca was in charge of the construction work of the barracks (Nos. 38, 40, 41 Shpalernaya Street, and Nos. 20, 22, 37, 39 Zakharyevskaya Street). The regiment's chapel was the SS. Zachariah and Elizabeth Church (demolished in 1947). The Cavalier Guards Regiment gave name to Kavalergardskaya Street.

References: Панчулидзев С. А. История кавалергардов, 1724-1799-1899: В 4 т. СПб., 1899-1912; Сборник биографий кавалергардов: В 4 т. СПб., 1901-1908; Антонов Б. И. Императорская гвардия в Санкт-Петербурге. СПб., 2001.

A. N. Lukirsky.

Persons
Nicholas I, Emperor
Rusca Luigi (Aloisy Ivanovich)

Addresses
Kavalergardskaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city
Konnogvardeisky Lane/Saint Petersburg, city, house 2
Shpalernaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 38
Shpalernaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 41
Shpalernaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 40
Zakharievskaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 37
Zakharievskaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 39
Zakharievskaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 20
Zakharievskaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 22

Bibliographies
Панчулидзев С. А. История кавалергардов, 1724-1799-1899: В 4 т. СПб., 1899-1912
Сборник биографий кавалергардов: В 4 т. СПб., 1901-1908
Антонов Б. И. Императорская гвардия в Санкт-Петербурге. СПб., 2001

The subject Index
Decembrists
SS. Zachariah and Elizabeth Church

Chronograph
1800


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